– Gadhafi reportedly accepts an African Union deal to end the fighting in Libya; Benghazi protestors refuse any plan that leaves a Gadhafi in power
– Japan evacuates more towns around the crippled nuclear reactor
– The UN and France launch reprisal attacks against Gbagbo in Ivory Coast
– The French face veil ban comes into force
– James Baker and Henry Kissinger define “pragmatic idealism” as a frame for U.S. intervention abroad
– David Ignatius warns of the power of the weak to embroil the strong in war
CNN reports that Gadhafi has agreed to an African Union deal to end the fighting in Libya:
Embattled Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi has agreed in principle to stop all hostilities in his North African nation and allow outside forces to help keep the peace, his government and African Union mediators said Monday in a joint statement.
AP reports that in Benghazi Libyan opposition supporters protested against the African Union delegation:
Libyan opposition supporters protested Monday against a delegation of African leaders who arrived in the rebel stronghold of Benghazi to try to broker a cease-fire with Moammar Gadhafi's regime, saying there can be no peace until the longtime leader gives up power.
CNN reports Japan evacuating more towns around the crippled nuclear reactor:
Japan's government Monday called for evacuations for several towns beyond the danger zone already declared around the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, warning that residents could receive high doses of radiation over the coming months.
The Guardian reports the UN and France launch reprisal attacks on Gbagbo in Ivory Coast:
Al Jazeera reports the French face veil ban comes into force
A controversial ban on face veils has come into force in France, meaning anyone wearing the Muslim niqab or burqa in public will face a fine of up to $216 and a citizenship course.
Henry A. Kissinger and James A. Baker III detail when the U.S. should use military force:
Our values impel us to alleviate human suffering. But as a general principle, our country should do so militarily only when a national interest is also at stake. Such an approach could properly be labeled “pragmatic idealism”….[O]ur idealistic goals cannot be the sole motivation for the use of force in U.S. foreign policy.
David Ignatius warns that the weak may launch premature campaigns against power, hoping for international intevention:
The weak have a new power in the modern media age: Their suffering is visible to millions of well-intentioned people around the world who are likely to support humanitarian intervention to rescue them from their plight. But there’s a dangerous corollary to this new power of the weak: It can lead disorganized groups to start fights with established authorities that they can’t finish — unless they are rescued by larger powers. In this sense, the media attention emboldens the very actions that can lead to slaughter and repression.
Niall Ferguson argues that while online social networks promote democracy, they also empower the enemies of freedom.
In short, Google’s pro-democracy Wael Ghonim is probably a less significant figure than Fouad X, the head of IT for Hizbullah in Lebanon, who tells Joshua Ramo (at the beginning of his superb book The Age of the Unthinkable) that “our email is flooded with CVs” from Islamist geeks wanting to “serve a sacred cause.”