Bahrain's deceptive national dialogue
Anti-government protestors demonstrate in front of military vehicles near Pearl Square in Bahrain's capital on March 16.
July 1st, 2011
05:40 PM ET

Bahrain's deceptive national dialogue

Editor’s NoteKristin Diwan is Assistant Professor of Comparative and Regional Studies at the American University School of International Service. Her work focuses on the politics and policies of the Arab Gulf.

By Dr. Kristin Diwan – Special to CNN

On Saturday Bahrain will begin a government-sponsored National Dialogue.  This has been seen by some as an opening, as evidence that the long campaign of suppression and retribution – the night-time arrest of activists, the torture and forced confessions, the purge of workers and students participating in protests and the trial of doctors and lawyers who served them in the course of their work - is at an end.

The United States ardently wants to believe this narrative. The U.S. wants stability in Bahrain, and, frankly, to have the whole problem go away.

But it would be a mistake for the United States to embrace this National Dialogue without reservations.

Ultimately, stability in Bahrain will require social reconciliation and political restructuring.  The National Dialogue will not deliver this, and it may in fact work to undermine the prospects for national reconciliation and reform.

The National Dialogue may appear to be a re-instatement of the offer for negotiations that was proffered to the opposition at the height of the February-March protests, which brought hundreds of thousands of Bahrainis into the streets.  It is not.

No one from the ruling al-Khalifa family will be present.  Instead, the speaker of the parliament will preside over a gathering of some 300 guests chosen by King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa from a broad range of civil society.

The main Shia opposition, al-Wefaq, which gained 43 percent of the popular vote in the 2010 parliamentary election, will have only five representatives at the talks.  It is unclear if their political demands will be heard over the myriad other groups, one of which has vowed to petition the king over its failed investment in a luxury housing development gone bust.  There is no clear mechanism to prioritize complaints, and no guarantees that they will be acted upon.

The National Dialogue transforms citizens insisting on their political rights into subjects petitioning the King.  It is a parody of the opposition’s key demand:  A constitutive assembly to realize a genuine constitutional monarchy, a system where elected representatives in a fully empowered legislative assembly could effectively hold such a “national dialogue” and actually have the popular legitimacy and political clout to deliver on it.

But the problems with the National Dialogue go beyond its structure, to the context within which it is taking place.  To have a real dialogue people need to be free to express their opinions.

Over the past four months those in power in Bahrain have created an environment where this is impossible.  Most obviously, the harsh sentencing of many of the prominent leaders in the opposition through expedited trials in special security courts means that key figures will not be at the table.  Yet even the mainstream opposition enters the dialogues under relentless attack by the state-run media, which has buried their reform message and painted them as thugs and tools of Iran.

The opposition is not alone in having its allegiance questioned.  The hardliners in power have orchestrated assent to their policies through loyalty petitions at workplaces and loyalty pledges in the university.

This creates an environment where merely staying silent leaves one suspect.  It effectively polices the Sunni community as well, leaving no space to question the direction in which the country is being taken.  Efforts have also been expended to discredit any foreign voices who question their actions, including a very ugly public campaign against a U.S. embassy official and a libel case against the British newspaper The Independent.

Promising open dialogue in such an atmosphere and through such a framework is disingenuous, but it is more than just a public relations exercise.   Inviting the opposition to the National Dialogue is offering them a poisoned chalice.

The centrist groups most invested in engagement - the Shia Islamist al-Wefaq, and the secular leftist al-Wa’ad - desperately want to reverse the current dynamic, which is mobilizing the worst forces of intolerance and generating a poisonous sectarian divide that will be very difficult to traverse.  But entering under a framework so clearly designed to fail them is splitting their ranks and driving them further from their popular base.  It will undoubtedly weaken them.

The mainstream opposition is not the only force for reform under attack.  Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa - the royal most associated with reform and most respected by the opposition - is notably absent from the proceedings.  And in recent weeks the labor market reforms he has championed - reforms to increase the cost of foreign labor and to create a fund to train Bahrainis - have been scaled back.

It is clear that the trajectory of the past ten years of reform - flawed policies to be sure, but policies that increased the integration of the Shia in the economy and politics of the state - are being reversed.

Bahrain needs more than dialogue; it needs real political reform.  The United States should be working to empower those who are prepared to take the risks to achieve this.

The views expressed in this article are solely those of Kristin Diwan.

Post by:
Topics: Middle East • Revolution

soundoff (28 Responses)
  1. j. von hettlingen

    I suppose the Shia majority would not be able to achieve their goals, as long as Saudi Arabia stands firmly by their royal siblings in Bahrain.
    The world shouldn't look up to the US for help. I am afraid it's too sheepish to persuade or coerce Saudi Arabia to change its course in Bahrain. Change has to come from inside, from Saudi Arabia itself.

    July 1, 2011 at 6:20 pm | Reply
  2. Ali Ghor

    Kristin Diwan keeps abusing the name of the Persian Gulf. There is no "Arab Gulf".

    July 1, 2011 at 6:31 pm | Reply
    • Ammar

      Its killing you isnt it!? haha! it will always be the Arabian Gulf whether you like it or not.

      July 6, 2011 at 1:59 am | Reply
  3. Tom Fong

    The US should take responsibility to protect the people in Bahrain at the end we have our US fifth fleet in it. Isn't it hypocrisy to make sanctions on Libya and Syria, but not Bahrain, all these governments killed protesters for asking for democratic reform, at least in Syria the president promised Reforms but in Bahrain they didn't even acknowledged that they want to do reforms, they just keep killing and imprisoning opposition through military courts and prisoners are tortured daily.

    July 1, 2011 at 6:51 pm | Reply
    • freedom

      so pround of you Tom for highlighting the truth... seems like our government has forgotten that word around here... dont they know that "what goes around, comes around" and that "evey dog has his day"
      thank you sir and thank you CNN

      July 5, 2011 at 5:30 pm | Reply
  4. noor

    thanks cnn and special thanks for Dr. Kristin Diwan what he said it was the truth

    July 1, 2011 at 7:35 pm | Reply
  5. noor

    all these problems that is happening in Arabic countries there is one reason for it ... it is saudi country this country represented by them govt is the main reason for all the crimes in all this world they r really strange ppl they have a lot of theories u can say crazy theories about life when the person have different religion like be Shiite or Christian then he do not deserve anything this is what they believe in judgin ppl from them religion they deal with ppl in this corner they believe that if ur ruler is bad or murder then u do not have any right to refuse him u must obey this is really madness i made a lot of search on these ppl really i feel god coz i'm not live on saudi coz i can not live with out my car hhhh this is the simple things that they refuse it

    July 1, 2011 at 7:45 pm | Reply
  6. Nayef

    Whats happening in Bahrain is all because of IRAN its the source of trouble and un-civilization, Sunnis shiites christians jews and all other religions were living in peace until hizb il lat came with IRAN. I hope this dialogue goes well and everything becomes better and things go back better than before.God bless Bahrain and God bless Saudi Arabia

    July 1, 2011 at 8:19 pm | Reply
    • Aal

      Your comment indicates; either you are stupid, ignorant, or biased racist based on your religious background. What happened in Bahrain is a civil rights, people want constitutional monarchy, a fully elected government. We don't care about Iran, don't blame Iran with entirely internal Bahrain issue.

      July 2, 2011 at 5:11 am | Reply
      • Ali

        Calling someone stupid is exactly what is holding Bahrain back, when protestors began with peaceful legitimate demands I supported them, but unfortunately what was once peaceful has turned into an act of chaos, roads blocked, people being threatened just because they are Sunni, Iran has made public statements about getting involved in Bahrain, anyone who denies that is not being logical, the opposition leaders made public statements about calling for the aid of Iran.
        Regardless of all of that, the country we love is slipping away from us, we want reform, you cannot say that a national dialogue will not work before you even give it a try, if you really care about the future of Bahrain then you would support going into the national dialogue with no prior prejudgments, see how it goes and then judge.

        July 4, 2011 at 3:10 am |
      • Ammar

        i think ignorance is your middle name. Stop trying to mask Iran's disgusting fingerprints from this. We go to work, have a home and a comfortable living. I think my rights r pretty much guaranteed. Iran would be better off using their resources to help their own ppl instead of all this trash they try to spew over to other countries.

        July 6, 2011 at 2:03 am |
    • freedom

      hey when will you get your head out of the mud and look around you at what attrociaties are going on. listing iran is just a cover up and everyone knows about it. the whole world is laughing at the lies going on!!!!

      July 5, 2011 at 5:15 pm | Reply
  7. Hassan B

    Funny how Kristen, hastens to jump into conclusions without even visiting this tiny island. Placing doubt before the dialogue even started was the same attitude that have put us in a mess in the first place. If you have paid more attention to what al wefaq and waad have done in the past month, in the name of freedom of speech they have imposed and Islamic republic, took over the largest hospital, vandalized public property and fueled sectarian hate. Have we heard a single apology? No

    July 2, 2011 at 2:11 am | Reply
    • freedom

      we are on this tiny island... wake up sleepy and look around you and do not believe the blind Bahrain TV.. maybe you should watch U-tube about all what is happening around sure are stupid with the comments you make!!

      July 5, 2011 at 5:18 pm | Reply
  8. KAA

    Bahrain national dialogue clearly will lead to reform in every corner and points that concern the people of Bahrain .
    All the leaders of Bahrain is well respected by the people of Bahrain and the crown prince always in the picture and his genuine effort is well appreciated .
    Bahrain can and will always resolve any issue and we don't need any outsider to inter fear in our home issues and it's known to the world that either pro or opposition are not silent and I would really appreciat if you would right in positive and try to make the Bahrain national dialogue success story rather than else.
    Thank you dear

    July 2, 2011 at 8:08 am | Reply
  9. Onesmallvoice

    What a tragedy in our time to see that dispicable king in Bahrain triumph over his own people with the aid of the Saudis and their British cohorts! I get utterly nauseated to see people here praise the king of Bahrain who has the support of the cursed British and the Obama Administration. The future of Bahrain does indeed look grim!!!

    July 2, 2011 at 10:40 am | Reply
  10. ali

    How would an educated person not know the historically and scholarly established name Persian Gulf?
    How can you be taken seriously when such rudimentary knowledge is lacking or distorted by ethnic bias?

    July 3, 2011 at 6:22 am | Reply
  11. kaa

    Participants' List

    Last updated on July 2, 2011 – 8:00 AM

    Women's Societies
    Social Societies
    Youth Societies
    Professional Societies
    Political Societies
    Public Figures
    Shura Council Member
    Representatives Council Members
    Heads of Municipality Councils

    Women's Societies

    No. Organisation Nominee(s) Attendance Confirmation
    1 Bahraini Women Union Mariam Al Rowaie Yes
    2 Bahraini Young Ladies' Association Nadia Al Masqati Yes
    3 Child and Mother Welfare Society Sh. Hind bint Salman Al Khalifa Yes
    4 Awal Women Society Dr. Sabeeka Al Najjar Yes
    5 Bahraini Women Development Society Khadija Ali Al Sayed Yes
    6 Riffa Cultural Charity Society Fathiya Abdulla Al Jihoory Yes
    7 International Women Society Fatima Mohammed Al Kooheji Yes
    8 Bahrain Women Society Dr. Wajeeha Sadiq Al Bahrna Yes
    9 Future Women Society No
    10 Bahrain Women Society Naeema Marhoon Yes
    11 Contemporary Women’s Society Amal Al Zayani Yes
    12 New Dawn Women Society Nazly Dhiya Tawfiqi Yes

    Social Societies

    No. Organisation Nominee(s) Attendance Confirmation
    1 Bahrain Red Crescent Society Dr. Fawzi Ameen Yes
    2 Bahraini Family Society Abdullah Isa Ahmed Yes
    3 Mawada Society Dr. Adel Hassan Al Hamad Yes
    4 Bahrain Family Business Society Khalid Mohammed Kanoo Yes
    5 Bahrain Human Rights Society Abdullah Ahmed Al Durazi Yes
    6 Bahrain Society for Public Freedoms and Democracy Watch Dr. Mohammed Ali Al Ansari Yes
    7 Bahrain Human Rights Watch Society Faisal Fouladh Yes
    8 Bahrain Transparency Society Sharaf Al Mousawi Yes
    9 Bahrain Consumer Protection Society Majed Sharaf Yes
    10 Bahraini Researchers and Inventors Society Ishaq Al Kooheji Yes
    11 Bahraini Society for Child Development Fawziya Mahroos Al Mahroos Yes
    12 Bahrain Mobility International Adel Sultan Al Mutawa Yes
    13 Bahrain Society for Children with Behavioral and Communication Difficulties Sumaiya Hussain AbdulRahman Yes
    14 Bahrain Society for Development Badriya Yousif Naqi Yes
    15 Bahrain Jurists Association Yousif Isa Al Hashimi Yes
    16 Bahrain Graduates Society No
    17 The National Society for the Support of Education and Training Mahmood Al Tooblani Yes
    18 The Bahraini Association for parent and friends of the Disabled Jassim Mohammed Seyadi Yes
    19 Bahraini Social and Cultural Society Fadheel Habib Abdulrasool Yes
    20 Hewar Society Rashid Al Ghaeb Yes
    21 Al Muntada Society Khalil Ibrahim Nooruddin Yes
    22 Bahrain Strategic Planning Society Dhiya Abdulaziz Tawfiqi Yes
    23 Bahrain Human Rights Monitor Society Mohammed Khalid Bumutaie Yes
    24 National Institution for Human Rights Abdulrahman Janahi Yes
    25 Alumni Club Abdullatif Al Zayani Yes

    Youth Societies

    No. Organisation Nominee(s) Attendance Confirmation
    1 Bahrain Youth Society Yahya Al Mukharaq Yes
    2 Bahrain Democratic Youth Society Ghassan Sarhan Yes
    3 Bahrain Future Youth Society Subah Al Zayani Yes
    4 Bahrain Youth Society Ali Sharafi Yes
    5 Islamic Youth Society No
    6 Bahrain Life Makers Club Maysa Ahmed Al Naibari Yes
    7 Bahrain Youth Centre No
    8 Graduates Forum Salman Ali Yes

    Professional Societies

    No. Organisation Nominee(s) Attendance Confirmation
    1 Bahrain Association of Banks Rashid Ali Abdulraheem Yes
    2 Bahrain Health and Safety Society Mustafa Al Sayed Yes
    3 Bahrain Public Relations Society Dr. Fahad Al Shehabi Yes
    4 Bahrain Real Estate Association Nasser Ali Al Ahli Yes
    5 Bahrain Society of Engineers Masoud Al Hermi Yes
    6 Bahrain Medical Society Dr. Nabeel Al Ansari Yes
    7 Bahrain Management Society Dr. Adel Hamad Abdulrahman Yes
    8 Bahrain Economic Society Dr. Ahmed Al Yoshaa Yes
    9 Pharmacies Owners and Importers Society Dr. Khalid Burhanuddin Al Awadhi Yes
    10 Bahrain Society for Training and Human Resource Development Rowdha Salman Al Aradi Yes
    11 Association of Bahrain Travel and Tour Agents Sufyan Khalid Al Moayyed Yes
    12 Bahrain Business Society Ahmed Abdullah Bin Hindi Yes
    13 Bahrain Quality Society Dr. Khalid Jassim Bu Mutaie Yes
    14 Bahrain Society for Export Development Dr. Yousif Al Mashal Yes
    15 Bahrain Bar Society Hameed Ali Al Mulla Yes
    16 Bahrain Society of Educators Muna Ibrahim Al Shawoosh Yes
    17 Bahrain Sociologists Society Huda Ibrahim Al Mahmood Yes
    18 Bahrain Society of Hotels and Restaurant Owners Apologised
    19 Bahrain Accountants Association Abbas Radhi Yes
    20 Bahrain Secretarial Association Noora Ibrahim Showeiter Yes
    21 Bahrain Academic Society Dr. Abdullah Al Hawaj Yes
    22 Bahrain Astronomical Society Dr. Shawqi Al Dallal Yes
    23 Bahrain Association of Small and Medium Enterprises Development Khalaf Hujair Yes
    24 Small and Medium Enterprises Society Abdulhassan Hassan Al Dairi Yes
    25 Bahrain Investment Professionals Society Lamees Al Baharna Yes
    26 Bahrain Chamber of Commerce and Industry Ibrahim Zainal
    Khalid Al Ameen
    Jawad Al Hawaj
    Esam Fakhro
    Saqer Shaheen Saqer Yes
    27 Bahrain Journalist Association Mohammed Al Ahmed Yes
    28 Bahrain Internet Society Ahmed Khalid Al Balooshi Yes
    29 Bahrain Business Women Society Afnan Al Zayani Yes
    30 Bahrain Society for the Owners of Private Training Institutes Apologised
    31 Bahrain Writers Association Ibrahim Bu Hindi Yes

    Political Societies

    No. Organisation Nominee(s) Attendance Confirmation
    1 Al Ekhaa Society Mohammed Al Shehabi
    Mousa Al Ansari
    Ahmed Khadhr
    Yousif Amrallah
    Hassan Abduladheem Yes
    2 Al Asalah Islamic Society Ramzan Al Noaimi
    Jamal Dawood
    Isa Abulfateh
    Ahmed Yousif Al Malki
    Dr. Isa AL Mutawa Yes
    3 National Democratic Assembly Dr. Hassan Al Aali
    Mahmood Al Qassab
    Jaffar Kadhem
    Ghazi Zabbar
    Mohammed Al Jaber Yes
    4 Nationalist Democratic Assembly Society Abdulrahman Al Baker
    Ali Nasser Al Attawi
    Reema Abdulrahman Al Baker
    Akbar Jafari
    Khalid Al Kalban Yes
    5 National Democratic Assemblage Society Fadhel Abbas
    Mohammed Jaffar Hassan
    Hassan Mohammed Al Marzooq
    Hussain Abdulla Buzaid
    Muneera Jassim Radhi Apologised
    6 Al Hewar National Society Seham Ahmed Al Sheikh
    Rashed Mohammed Al Kubaisi
    Dr. Ahmed Hussein Al Dossary
    Dr. Hala Sulaibeekh
    Eng. Abdullah Baqer Hassan Yes
    7 Muslim League Society Shafeeq Khalaf Al Sharqi
    Dr. Nadhem Saleh Al Saleh
    Hassan Abdullah Al Madani
    Ali Omran
    Abdulhussein Abdulmahdi Al Sheikh Yes
    8 Al Shura Islamic Society Ahmed Al Hajeri
    Khalid Ali Al Mahmood
    Hood Yousif Al Mahmood
    Adel Abdullah Bu Ali
    Badriya Muhanna Al Muslimani Yes
    9 Islamic Row Society Abdullah Khalil Bu Ghammar
    Adel Jassim Flaifel
    Sabah Al Dossary
    Ahmed Al Muthana
    Ibrahim Saeed Al Yasi Yes
    10 Islamic Action Society No
    11 National Democratic Action Society Dr. Muneera Fakhro
    Radhi Al Mousawi
    Fareeda Ghulam
    Mahmood Ali Hafedh
    Hafedh Ali Haji Yes
    12 Free Thought Society Layla Rajab
    Dr. Mona Burhan Ghazal
    Suheir Al Muhannadi
    Talal Al Sulaiti
    Abdulameer Al Sitrawi Yes
    13 Democratic Progressive Tribune Dr. Hassan Madan
    Ali Mohammed Hussein
    Abdulnabi Salman
    Abduljalil Saleh Al Noaimy
    Dr. Shaikha Al Zayani Yes
    14 Al Menbar National Islamic Society Dr. Abdullatif Al Shaikh
    Nasser AL Fudhala
    Khalid Al Qattan
    Kamal Yousif Al Shehabi
    Ahmed Al Attawi Yes
    15 Al Wasat Arab Islamic Democratic Society Ahmed Sanad Al Binali
    Hamad Al Othman
    Dr. Jassim Al Mehze
    Yahya Ibrahim Nooruddin
    Dr. Abdulaziz Bulaila Yes
    16 Al Wefaq National Islamic Society Khalil Al Marzooq
    AbdulJalil Khalil Ebrahim
    Jawad Fairooz Ghuloom
    Alsayyed Hadi Al Mousawi
    Bushra Al Hendi
    17 National Justice Movement Society Aref Al Mulla
    Isa Sayyar
    Abdulwali Al Qashar
    Yousif Abdullah
    Abdullah Abdulrahman Hashim Yes
    18 National Action Charter Society Jaffar Al Durazi
    Mohammed Al Buainain
    Wedad Al Fadhel
    Ahmed Jumaa Mubarak
    Mohammed Abdulqader Khunji Yes


    No. Organisation Nominee(s) Attendance Confirmation
    1 Al Ayam Newspaper Isa Al Shayji
    Abdulla Nabeel Al Hamr
    Salah Al Jowder Yes
    2 Al Bilad Newspaper Ahmed Zaman
    Moanes Al Mardi Yes
    3 Al Wasat Newspaper Ubaidly Al Ubaidly
    Amani Al Maskati
    Magdy Mirza Yes
    4 Al Watan Newspaper Faisal Al Shaikh
    Yousif Al Binkhalil
    Hisham Al Zayani Yes
    5 Akhbar Al Khaleej Anwar Abdul Rahman
    Sayed Zahra Yes


    No. Organisation Nominee(s) Attendance Confirmation
    1 GCBW Al Sayed Salman Jaffer Mahfoodh Yes
    2 GPIC Yacoub Yousif Mohammed Yes
    3 ALBA Ali Al Binali Yes
    4 BANAGAS Juma Ali Ahmed Bin Khalil Yes
    5 GIIC) Iron and Steel( Abdul Karim Yousif Radhi Yes
    6 Gulf Air Union Sadiq Kadim Rabeai Yes
    7 Insurance Union Ali Hassan Al Haddad Yes
    8 Sea Ports Union Salman Al Saad No

    Public Figuers

    No. Name Attendance Confirmation
    1 Akram Miknas Yes
    2 Mansoor Al Jamri Yes
    3 Khadhim Ibrahim Abdul Rasool Rajab Yes
    4 Taqi Mohammed Al Baharna Apologised
    5 Mohsin Al Asfoor Yes
    6 Taqi Al Mudaifa Apologised
    7 Tariq Jalil Moammed Al Saffar Yes
    8 Ali Musallam Yes
    9 Ahmed Al Bahar Yes
    10 Dr. Abdul Rahman Bu Ali Yes
    11 Dr. Haitham Isa Al Qahtani Yes
    12 Atef Al Abdul Malek Yes
    13 Abdul Hakeem Al Khayat Yes
    14 Abdul Razaq Jawahery Yes
    15 Mahmood Al Kofi No
    16 Jassim Abdul Aal Yes
    17 Fareed Ghazi Yes
    18 Isa Qassim No
    19 Sayed Abdulla Al Ghuraifi Apologised
    20 Hussain Najati No
    21 Dr. Abdullatif Al Mahmood Yes
    22 Nidham Yaqoubi Yes
    23 Adnan Al Qattan Apologised
    24 Naji Al Arabi Yes
    25 Mohammed Taher Al Shaikh Salman Al Madani Yes
    26 Ali Al Aradi Yes
    27 Mohammed Dadabhai Yes
    28 Taqi Al Zeera Yes
    29 Jawad Habib Yes
    30 Nasser Al Hashemi Yes
    31 Dr. Isa Al Khayat Yes
    32 Mubarak Mohammed Bin Daina Yes
    33 Mohammed Abdulla Jameel Yes
    34 Ibrahim Khalifa Matar Yes
    35 Rashid Ali Al Amin Yes
    36 Mohammed Jassim Al Hayki Apologised
    37 Faeza Ibrahim Al Zayani Yes
    38 Ahmed Hussain Ibrahim Yes
    39 Hassan Ibrahim Hassan Kamal Yes
    40 Khalil Mohammed Buhijji Yes
    41 Abdulla Mohammed Saleh Al Abbasi Yes
    42 Ahmed Khalaf Al Asfoor Apologised
    43 Abdul Hussein Khalaf Alasfoor Yes
    44 Sayed Sharaf Sayed Jaffer Yes
    45 Shaikh Salman Bin Isa Al Khalifa Yes
    46 Sayed Hussein Kadhem Al Alawi Yes
    47 Abdulla Saaed Al Huwaihi Yes
    48 Abdul Hameed Abdul Jabber Al Kooheji Yes
    49 Abdul Aziz Al Mousa Yes
    50 Farouk Almoayyed Yes
    51 Mohammed Hussain Al Khayat Yes
    52 Jassim Ahmed Al Wafi Yes
    53 Dr. Noaman Al Mousawi Yes
    54 Mahmood Al Yousif Yes
    55 Ali Qassim Mohammed Rabea Apologised
    56 Abdul Hussein Mohammed Saleh Al Oraibi Yes
    57 Dr. Banna Yousif Buzaboon Yes
    58 Dr. Hashim Hassan Al Bash Yes
    59 Dr. Abdulla Mohammed Al Sadiq Yes
    60 Imran Mohammed Saleh Al Mousawi Yes
    61 Dr. Khalid Abdulla Taqi Yes
    62 Kamel Saleh Al Saleh Yes
    63 Jassim Mohammed Murad Apologised
    64 Hamed Rashid Al Zayani Yes
    65 Dr. Adel Ali Abdulla Yes
    66 Dr. Ismail Al Madani Yes
    67 Ibrahim Nunu Yes
    68 Al Mikdad Zainuddin Yes
    69 Yousif Buzaboon Yes
    70 Priest Hani Aziz Yes
    71 Naser Al Sowaidi Yes
    72 Riyadh Yousif Hamza Yes
    73 Suad Ibrahim Jubara Yes
    74 Dr. Sumaya Al Jowder Yes
    75 Dr. Mariam Al Mulla Al Hermesi Yes
    76 Kadhim Isa Al Saeed Yes


    No. Organisation Nominee(s) Attendance Confirmation
    1 Bahrain Real-estate Investment Company Adel Mattar Yes
    2 Mumtalakat Talal Al-Zain Yes
    3 Gulf Air Talal Al-Zain (repeated) Yes
    4 GPIC Adnan Al-Mahmood Yes
    5 Bahrain National Gas Company (BANAGAS) Dr. Ahmed Al-Kaabi Yes
    6 Bahrain Airport Services (BAS) Salman Al-Mahmeed Yes
    7 ALBA Mahmood Al-Kooheji Yes
    8 Bahrain Airport Company (S.P.C) Talal Al-Zain (repeated) Yes
    9 Bahrain Telecommunication Company (Batelco) Ahmed Hussain Al-Janahi Yes
    10 Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) Naji Ahmed Qassim Yes
    11 GARMCO Adel Hamad Abdulrahman Yes

    Shura Council Member

    No. Name Attendance Confirmation
    1 Ali bin Saleh Al Saleh Yes
    2 Jamal Mohamed Abdulrahman Fakhroo Yes
    3 Dr. Bahiya Jawad Aljishi Yes
    4 Mohamed Hadi Ahmed Al – Halwachi Yes
    5 Dr. Salah Ali Mohamed Abdulrahman Yes
    6 Khalid Husain Mahdi Al Maskat Yes
    7 Dr. Nada Abbas Haffadh Yes
    8 Fuad Ahmed Jasim Al Hajee Yes
    9 Dalal Jasim Abdulla Al-Zayed Yes
    10 Sayed Habib Maki Hashem Yes
    11 Dr. Shaikh Khalid bin Khalifa Al-Khalifa Yes
    12 Sameera Ebrahim Abdulrasool Rajab Yes
    13 Juma Mohamed Juma Al Kaabi Yes
    14 Khalil Ebrahim Mohamed Al Thawadi Yes
    15 Ebrahim Mohamed Ali Bashmi Yes
    16 Ahmed Ebrahim Mahmood Bahzad Yes
    17 Jameela Ali Salman Ahmed Nasaif Yes
    18 Jehad Hassan Bukamal Yes
    19 Hamad Bin Mubarak Bin Hamad Al-Noaimi Yes
    20 Khalid Abdulrahman Khalil Al Moayed Apologised
    21 Khalid Abdulrasool Al-Sharif Yes
    22 Rabab A.Nabi Salem Al-Orayed Yes
    23 Saud Abdulaziz Qasim Kanoo Apologised
    24 Sayed Dheya Yahya Ali Maki Yes
    25 Sadiq Abdulkarim Al Shehabi No
    26 Dr. Aysha Salem Saif Mubarak Yes
    27 Abdulrahman Ebrahim Abdulslam Yes
    28 Abdulrahman Abdulhusain Jawaheri Yes
    29 Abdulrahman Mohamed Jamsheer Yes
    30 Dr. AbdulAziz Hassan Ali Abul Yes
    31 Abdulla Abdulljaleel Al-Oyanati Yes
    32 Ali Abdulredha Sh. Salman Al Asfoor Yes
    33 Lolwa Saleh Abdulla Al Awadhi Yes
    34 Mohammed Hassan Mansoor Al-Setri Yes
    35 Mohammed Hassan Baqer Radhi Yes
    36 Mohamed Saif Jabor Al Musallam Yes
    37 Munira Isa Bin Hindi Yes
    38 Dr. Nasser Hameed Sheik Ebrahim Nasser Al Mubarak Yes
    39 Nancy Dinah Elly Khedouri Yes
    40 Hala Ramzi Fayez Qurisa Yes

    Representatives Council Members

    No. Name Attendance Confirmation
    1 Abdulla Khalaf Al-Doseri Yes
    2 Adel Adulrahman Al-Maawda Yes
    3 Ahmed Ebrahim Rashid Al-Mulla Yes
    4 Abdull Hameed Jalal Al-Meer Yes
    5 Abdulla Ali Jaber Huweel Yes
    6 Jassim Ahmed Al-Saidi Yes
    7 Othman Mohammed Sharif Al-Rayes Yes
    8 Adnan Mohammed Helal Al-Malki Yes
    9 Hassan Salim Al-Doseri Yes
    10 Ali Ahmed Ali Zayed Yes
    11 Adulhaleem Abdulla Marad Yes
    12 Khamis Hamad Al-Rumihi Yes
    13 Adel Abdulrahman Al-Asoomi Yes
    14 Abdulrahman Rashid BuMujaid Yes
    15 Dr.Ali Abdulla Ahmed Yes
    16 Isa Abduljabar Al-Kooheji Yes
    17 Isa Ali Al-Qadhi Yes
    18 Ghanim Fadil Al-Buainain Yes
    19 Latifa Mohammed Al-Guood Yes
    20 Mohammed Ismail Al-Amadi Yes
    21 Mahmood Yousif Al-Mahmood Yes

    Heads of Municipality Councils

    No. Participant Attendance Confirmation
    1 Majeed Milad Al Jazeeri – Capital Governorate Yes
    2 Abdulrazak Abdulla Hattab – Central Governorate Yes
    3 Ali Abdulla Hassan Al Jabal – Northern Governorate Yes
    4 Mohsin Ali Mohammed Al Bakri – Sothern Governorate Yes
    5 AbdulNasser Yousif Al Mahmeed – Moharraq Governorate Yes

    July 3, 2011 at 8:11 am | Reply
  12. kaa

    the list was done by natural committee which chaired by the chairman of the parliament which he was elected by the people of bahrain and chaired the parliament by 40 out 40 vote including what so called the opposition they call him the big brother and he is trust worthy men and THE LIST NOT CHOSEN BY THE KING AS YOU CLAIM ,
    P.S you need a better source of info,so reader can trust what they read with all do respect for you effort and you self .

    July 3, 2011 at 8:23 am | Reply
  13. benjameen


    July 3, 2011 at 8:28 am | Reply
    • freedom

      i just cant believe we have such ignorant people breathing around us.
      just drink your milk and go on your eternal sleep!@#$%^^^^

      July 5, 2011 at 5:23 pm | Reply
  14. Hssainjasim Jasim

    Benjameen should be ashamed of himself or herself! I really don't know what to say about narrow minded individuals like this one. the reason America and other great nations are so great is because they embrace citizens regardless of their religion, race or colour. look at Colin Powell, he is black and reached the highest startus of being the Chief of Staff of the United States. Now, Obama is the President of the United States and he was votred in by white Americans. The black Americans alone could not havve vorted him in alone. This Benjameen cannot accept that there is a Shia majority. In America trhe whites are nort afraid that they are no longer a majority and that the Hispanic speaking population are becoming a majority. Bahrain since the arrival of Alkhalifa relied on mecenaries to stay in power. Being a Badu, like Gypsies, they have no lovve for the land. Bahrain was the garden of Eden, lush green island with natural springs all over the island. The Alkhalifa on arrival divided the island among their clans and claimed ownership, from humnas, palm trees to cats and dogs! Today Bahrain is dry of everything: palm trees, water, vegetation. With mercenaries like Benjameen advocating the killers as innocent, Bahrain will not see peace. Invaders came and gone: Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Persians, Omanis, Portughese and now Alkhalifa: they have all came and gone and the nation of Bahrain will remain. Bahrain was called Dilmon by the Phoenicians, Tylos by the Greeks, Awal by the Arabs before Isalm. Bahrain is sad troday and bleeding but, there will be a new sunrise sooner or later and Bahrain will yet again overcome the invaders, whoever they are.

    By the way, the Arabs have a way of calling nations and places and natural matters like water and seas: the Arabs called the Mediterranean: Bahr Alroom or the Sea of Rome because Rome is on the other side of the Sea from where Arabia is. They also called the Gulf separating Arabia from Persia Bahr Alfors or the Sea of Persia because Persia is on the other side of the Gulf yet, the new Arabs cannot accept Histroy and they think that by calling the Persian Gulf the Arabian Gulf, they can re-write history.

    Going back to national dialogue in Bahrain, I can only hope that there will be a shift by the Sunni population of Bahrain of the realities on the ground: that Bahrain is made of Shia who lived there for ever and Sunnis who came later and that the country is for both sects and there is equal opportunities to both sects. Failing that, there will be no peace and Bahrain will remain boiling but, notr for long, as Saudi will crumble sooner or later and then Bahrain will see the end of Alkhalifa. Whether the Americans, the British or the rest of the world like it or not.

    July 4, 2011 at 7:17 am | Reply
  15. Sara

    Thank u CNN..

    July 6, 2011 at 11:24 am | Reply
  16. Sameer

    I would like to make minor correction to the statistics provided by Dr. Diwan regarding al-Wefaq gaining 60 percent of the popular vote in the 2010. According to the official statistics, Al Wefaq managed to obtain
    90,398 votes out of an electorate of 318,668 i.e. 28.4% of the popular vote only. I sugget to Dr. Diwan to obtain her information from more reliable sources.

    July 6, 2011 at 1:32 pm | Reply
  17. V.Boritz

    Please consider both sides. Bahrain is working together with key partners to fight terrorism and piracy. The Maritime Revolution has it's HQ in Manama! Google: inqtel shell crew

    August 17, 2011 at 12:26 am | Reply
  18. Omida

    Dr. Kristin Diwan is either biased or ignorant! There is no Arab Gulf or Arabic Gulf or Arabia Gulf. These are all invented names to spread confusion. It has been called PERSIAN GULF for centuries!!

    August 18, 2011 at 7:50 pm | Reply
  19. bob Thompson

    I have been travelling to Bahrain for 20 years. the cost of living and freedom in Bahrain has always been better than any other gulf state. every thing subsidised for the locals at the expense of the expats. The Government has always forced companies to employ local Bahrain people and surprise surprise they comply, employ and tell them to stay home because they are lazy disruptive and will not work. In a democratic world we all have to work, nothing is given for free. It is a pity these people do not understand what democratic society entails

    September 7, 2011 at 10:41 am | Reply

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