By Fareed Zakaria, CNN
I wrote a blog post for the Global Public Square website that has gotten a great deal of reaction. So let me talk about it for a moment.
It all started because I read a website that pointed out that after the S&P downgrade of the United States, no country with a presidential system has a AAA rating from all three major ratings agencies.
Only countries with parliamentary systems have that honor (with the possible exception of France, which has a parliament and prime minister as well as an empowered president).
This brought to mind my years in political science grad school and an essay by, a famous Yale scholar, who says that parliamentary systems are superior to presidential systems because they allow for greater stability and purposive action.
In a parliamentary system, he contended, the legislature and the executive are fused so there is no contest for national legitimacy.
Think of David Cameron in England. He is head of the coalition that won the election, head of the bloc that has a majority in parliament and head of the executive branch as Prime Minister.
Remember, the political battle surrounding the debt ceiling is actually impossible in a parliamentary system because the executive controls the legislature.
There could not be a public spectacle of the two branches of government squabbling and holding the country hostage.
In the American presidential system, in contrast, you have the presidency and the legislature, both of which claim to speak for the people.
As a result, you always have a contest over basic legitimacy. Who is actually speaking for and representing the people?
In America today, we take this struggle to an extreme. We have one party in one house of the legislature claiming to speak for the people because theirs was the most recent electoral victory.
And you have the president who claims a broader mandate as the only person elected by all the people.
These irresolvable claims invite struggle.
There are, of course, advantages to the American system - the checks and balances have been very useful on occasion. In 1945 Britain enacted a quasi-socialist economic plan that set the country on a bad path.
But look at the situation today. Western countries all have created welfare states and governmental systems that are cumbersome, sluggish and expensive –especially as the population ages.
These need to be reformed and many of the reforms are fairly obvious - in social security, energy policy, tax reform. But the American government has lost the ability to actually implement any policy solutions because of political gridlock
Listen to what the S&P actually said in its downgrade. "America's governance and policymaking [is] becoming less stable, less effective and less predictable than what we previously believed.. . Despite this year's wide-ranging debate, in our view, the differences between political parties have proven to be extraordinarily difficult to bridge."
This is not just about the presidential system alone. Recent developments have added to polarization and paralysis. The fillibuster for example, is not in the constitution but it is now routinely used to allow a minority of one house to block all legislation.
In a fast-moving world, where other countries are acting quickly and with foresight, we are paralyzed.
It's all very well to keep saying that we have the greatest system in the histroy of the world but against this background of dysfunction, it sounds a lot like thoughtless cheerleading.
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No: We just need a real POTUS!
I always thought we lived in a dictatorship here...
America needs a presidential replacement! Someone with a brain and a soul!
Fareed, question for you, don't you need to have a royal family take over an establishment "ordained by a God" prior to a parliamentary system in effect? Isn't a parliament the royal's "democratic attempt" at a government ?? Cause if I do recall, Republicans, at least after Bush aren't exactly pro-royals? So what are you talking about?
This is inline with my thoughts that it's time to refactor our government here in the states. It needs a good ole fashioned corporate restructuring.
What we need is good old fashioned American SECESSION.
Why am I not surprised that Fareed would pimp for a Parliament? A little, toothy man coming from a huge ant pile of indistinguishable humans with no individuality or sense of personal power would have to abhor our system. Go home, Fareed.
Unbelievable naiiete and preprogrammed response! The reader should be aware at this point that the democrats and republicans are nothing more than two heads of the same snake. No major election has changed anything in America for decades. None will, for the foreseeable future.
The political conversation about dems vs. republicans is like comparing Ford to Chevrolet. On the one hand we've got people who manufacture useful motor vehicles, while on the other hand we've got people who manufacture useless balogna.
Why call for a prime minister? It's just a quicker way to establish a dictatorship in name as well as in power. Why not call this person a Chancellor instead? It worked for Hitler and I'm sure it would work for Mr. Zakaria.
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This written by someone who was not born here and does not understand this country.
The problem/culprit are the LOBBYISTS hired by for profit companies. Get rid of them and problem will be solved.
I guess if we have a prime minister, no one would object to the president becoming king.
I wonder how many people have ever talked to the normal working people who live in these countries with parlamintary systems. Reading about it and making judgements are not the same as living there.
I have talked with people from countries around the world they are no happier with there governments then we are with the US government.
Anyone that can figure out how there country can keep there econmy booming without counting on the US then I mite listen.
No "prime minister" please, what the nation needs is for President Obama put on his "child day-care center director hat" and place the "republicans" in the "time out corner" until they can behave like "mature children", some democrats too and off course all those "under the influence" of the tea party.
NO, Fareed, the U.S. doesn't need a "prime minister". We need fewer immigrants from countries that
HAVE prime ministers, and who want to bring the kinds of government structures that they are familiar
with into this country...We just need a more resolute President (one who quits his efforts at "bipartisanship")...
and we need to end the Plutocracic oligarchy that American CEO's, lobbyists, and Republicans are so
hellbent on establishing.
The Westminister system of government is the best in the world. New Zealand has a great version of it. Also the countries using the Westminister based system in Australia, New Zealand, Britain and Canada have great election processes as well, far less corrupt that the one in the USA.
Implementing structural change is far easier under the Westminister system than the US system.
To travis, I agree that what hitler did was bad, but to call the jews innocent is a HUGE LEAP. No thiest is innocent, they are evil spiteful hateful killers.
What have the "spiteful hateful killers done to you lately? Sounds like you would have fit right in
with Hitler's bunch. You're scarry...
Wow this could actually be good for the US. The US government is to busy fighting for control within by parties that only fight to control both the presidency and congress. It almost seems they don't even care about the people anymore. Maybe a parliament (if the stated facts are true) would actually be better since they would get things done for once.
Only in the past 20 years has India achieved any type of independent wealth. Prior to that Indian prime ministers promoted blatent socialism. And India still has millions of people living on the streets. Fareed grew up in a fairly wealthy family and so undoubtedly has a fondness for the supposed greatness of India. And now wants the US to imitate his home country.
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The Global Public Square is where you can make sense of the world every day with insights and explanations from CNN's Fareed Zakaria, leading journalists at CNN, and other international thinkers. Join GPS editor Jason Miks and get informed about global issues, exposed to unique stories, and engaged with diverse and original perspectives.
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Check out all of Fareed's Washington Post columns here:
Obama as a foreign policy president?
Why Snowden should stand trial in U.S.
Hillary Clinton's truly hard choice
China's trapped transition
Obama should rethink Syria strategy
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