Editor's Note: The following is reprinted with the permission of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Libyan rebel fighters gained control over most of the capital of Tripoli overnight. But clashes erupted (al-Jazeera)outside the compound of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, as government loyalists resisted the rebels with tanks and artillery fire.
Still, the rebel National Transitional Council announced that Gadhafi's presidential guard (NYT) had surrendered and that the majority of Tripoli was under rebel control. Two of the leader's sons were arrested, though Gadhafi remains at large (BBC).
After the rebels entered central Tripoli, waves of celebration (GlobalPost) broke out in the capital's Green Square, most recently the site of nightly pro-Gadhafi demonstrations.
U.S. President Barack Obama issued a statement affirming the rebel leadership as the "legitimate" (WSJ) governing authority in Libya.
Public disorder and instability in Libya could emerge if the Gadhafi regime falls. The United States should support a stabilization effort, says a CFR report by Johns Hopkins' Daniel Serwer.
Obama may need to reconsider his assertion that there would not be any U.S. boots on the ground in Libya; leadership is hard to assert absent participation, writes CFR President Richard Haass in this Financial Times op-ed.
The regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is undoubtedly worried by the imminent collapse of the Gadhafi regime, which will shift attention back to Damascus, writes CFR's Elliott Abrams.
As the Gadhafi regime teeters, Libyan rebels take control of the capital city, sparking celebrations across the country, shows this Foreign Policy slideshow.
Gaza Border Violence Continues
Hamas claimed that an informal ceasefire (al-Jazeera) had been reached between Palestinian factions and Israel, but rockets were fired from Hamas-controlled Gaza into southern Israel Sunday night. Israel began launching airstrikes into Gaza following a Thursday attack in southern Israel that left eight Israelis dead.
Learn about the unique mixture of religion, nationalism, historical and economic grievances, territory, and geopolitics underpinning the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in this CFR Crisis Guide.
Biden Assures China over U.S. Debt
On the last day of a four-day state visit to China, U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden told students at Sichuan University that China's $1.7 trillion in U.S. Treasury securities is "safe" (WashPost) and that the United States remains the best place in the world to invest.
Analysts say both the United States and China will have to restructure their economies to lessen global imbalances and strengthen recovery, explains this CFR Analysis Brief.
MALAYSIA: Appearing before Malaysia's High Court in Kuala Lumpur, opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim denied accusations (BBC) he had sodomized a former male aide, calling the charges politically motivated. If convicted, Ibrahim could face twenty years in prison.
SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA
Indian PM Shifts on Anti-Corruption Bill
As anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare entered his seventh day of fasting–supported by thousands of Indians–Prime Minister Manmohan Singh indicated that the government was now open to debating a bill (TimesofIndia) supported by Hazare that would create an independent ombudsman to monitor government corruption.
KASHMIR: An Indian human rights commission said more than two thousand bodies were found in unmarked graves (al-Jazeera) by the Line of Control, the military border that divides Kashmir between India and Pakistan. The dead are believed to be victims of the region's separatist revolt against India by Kashmir's majority Muslims.
Ethnic Clashes in South Sudan
Ethnic-tribal clashes broke out in the eastern state of Jonglei (NYT) in newly independent South Sudan, killing at least fifty-eight people. The UN estimates that hundreds more could have died.
The process that led to South Sudan's independence offers lessons for avoiding a new, devastating conflict in the region and underscores the importance of sustained and vigorous U.S. diplomacy, writes CFR's Payton Knopf in this CFR Expert Brief.
SOUTH AFRICA: Foreign Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane insisted that South Africa is not facilitating the exit of embattled Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, and that he will not seek asylum (Reuters) in the southern African nation.
Clinton 'Disappointed' over Iran Jail Sentence
Iran confirmed eight-year jail sentences for two U.S. citizens found guilty of spying, which U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called "deeply disappointing" (RFE/RL). The two men, Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal, were arrested two years ago when hiking along the Iran-Iraq border.
Prosecutors Expected to Drop DSK Charges
New York prosecutors are expected to drop sexual assault charges (Guardian) against former International Monetary Fund director Dominique Strauss-Kahn. He was accused of attempting to rape a Manhattan hotel maid in May, but he claims the sexual encounter was consensual.
GREECE: In an effort to avoiding a banking run amid continued eurozone financial uncertainty, Greece's four largest banks will take up an approximately $72 million convertible bond (FT) to help recapitalize small lender Proton Bank.
In his piece for the London Review of Books, Josh Lanchester discusses the economic crisis in Greece, offering different approaches for improving a rather "dismal" situation.