September 19th, 2011
09:50 AM ET

Why our Cuba embargo could lead to another Gulf oil disaster

By Fareed Zakaria, CNN

Can you remember what explosive crisis America and the world was fixated on last summer? It wasn't the deficit, jobs or Europe. It was an oil disaster.  Remember the BP spill? Tons of crude gushing into the Gulf of Mexico? Well, in the weeks and months that followed, there was a lot of discussion about how to make sure it didn't happen again.

But what struck me this week is that we have a new dangerous drilling zone right on our doorstep - Cuba. Estimates suggest that the island nation has reserves of anywhere from 5 billion to 20 billion barrels of oil. The high end of those estimates would put Cuba among the top dozen oil producers in the world.

Predictably, there's a global scramble for Havana. A Chinese-constructed drilling rig is owned by an Italian oil company and is on its way to Cuban waters. Spain's Repsol, Norway's Statoil and India's ONGC will use the 53,000 ton rig to explore for oil. Petro giants from Brazil, Venezuela, Malaysia and Vietnam are also swooping in.

Of course, we can't partake because we don't trade with Cuba. But what about at least making sure there are some safety procedures that are followed that would protect the American coastline? You see at 5,500 feet below sea level, these oil rigs off Cuba will go even deeper than the Deepwater Horizon rig that blew up on our coast last year, and the coast of Florida, remember, is just 60 miles away from Cuban waters.

What happens if there's another oil spill? Will it be easy and quick to clean up? No. You see, the nearest and best experts on safety procedures and dealing with oil spills are all American, but we are forbidden by our laws from being involved in any way with Cuba. Our trade embargo on Cuba not only prevents us from doing business with our neighbor but it also bars us from sending equipment and expertise to help even in a crisis. So, if there is an explosion, we will watch while the waters of the Gulf Coast get polluted. Now, this is obviously a worst case hypothetical, but it's precisely the kind of danger we should plan for and one we can easily protect against if we were allowed to have any dealings with Cuba.

This whole mess is an allegory for a larger problem. We imposed an embargo on Cuba at the height of the Cold War, 52 years ago, when we were worried about Soviet expansion and the spread of communism. Well, there is no more Soviet Union, and I don't think there's a person in the world who believes America could be infected by Cuban communism today. But the antique policies remain - antique and failed policies. They were designed, you recall, to force regime change in Cuba. Well, the Castros have thrived for five decades, using American hostility as a badge of Cuban nationalism. All the embargo has done is to weaken the Cuban people, keep them impoverished and cut them off from the world.

Cuba has an Internet penetration rate of just 14 percent. So only one out of seven people can use YouTube. Only one out of 20 Cubans has a mobile phone. And now we will stand silently and watch as other countries drill for oil, reap the benefits and endanger our coastline. But, hey, we're making sure that Cuban communism stays contained.

Post by:
Topics: Cuba • GPS Show • What in the World?

soundoff (58 Responses)
  1. Michael Shimer

    No one here know the real true about the embargo. It is Mr. Fidel Castro who has benefit the most with this policy.. and the real true is that it is He who don't really want to finish the embargo because he knows right from the beginning that his days will be counted. The prove is that under Clinton administratio, our former president was extremelly close to end the embargo, as a matter of fact, goth goverment were talking on how to just normalize their relation and Castro knew tthe embargo was about to finish. Well guess what he did.. we all know but we are so ignorant that we don't want to see it. He ordered one of his infiltrated people in his country to create a caous and then the so call "Hermanos al Rescate" went to Cuba then he shot down one of the airplane and the whole thing change again to where it was before Clinton. IT IS CASTRO WHO WANT THE EMBARGO BECAUSE IT IS HIS ONLY WEAPON TO BE IN POWER FOR SO LONG...

    September 21, 2011 at 9:03 pm | Reply
  2. T klimchuk

    If i were Cuba i would be very carefull of Americas motives judging by their past history If what they sayis true about their oil reserves is true that might be the excuse for US to invade Cuba once more in order to free the Cban people Where bave we heard that before?

    September 23, 2011 at 8:24 pm | Reply
  3. rightospeak

    You omit to mention the biggest problem. The sanctions , Fidel and all the rest was put in place by the US. Our government wants Cuba to be kept Communist -it took me a long time to figure it out. I know Communism all too well, i lived under Communist yoke and know what it takes , particularly so near the US, to get rid of the system. We go and change a government in Lybia fast and in Cuba we do EVERYTHING to preserve Castro in power. We put sanctions, for over 30 years, we try to invade so that Castro can justify stronger grip on the people, we prohibit travel and exchange of goods, we make Castro guard our oil interests in Africa -al that while the Cubans are kept in chains. No matter whether a Democrat president or a Republican one- the policy is the same – keep the Cubans isolated, in chains. Why NO ONE talks about this ?

    September 24, 2011 at 9:05 am | Reply
  4. Colhere

    rightospeak – The sanctions were put in place in hopes there would be an eventual failure of the system and that the people would rebel, however the US is the only nation with an embargo. China, which is stronger economically, enjoys trade with Cuba.. When I was there last year, the tour buses were all modern China built.. Tourists from Canada an Europe are everywhere.. The embargo is meant to topple communism, but it is not working..

    October 2, 2011 at 1:00 pm | Reply
  5. laz

    I missed your point.
    Then in this oil-ecological blackmail that the Cuban regime has placed the U.S. authorities, the solution to protect the southern territory of the United States is the unilateral lifting of trade restrictions between the two countries, which is precisely the strategic objective of Castro and all the pro-Cuba lobbyists.
    Because you have to put it bluntly, the site of the oil rig Scarabeo 9 is the new strategic weapon of Neo-Castroism to blackmail the United States and as such should be considered by the Administation of President Obama and U.S. lawmakers.

    October 19, 2011 at 3:32 pm | Reply
  6. farees fan

    GPS is one of the best news shows out there. We watch it each and every week; by taking full episodes offline and keeping only the 10 minute segments CNN is showing the world how little they know about getting viewership up. Eventually, there will be only the Fox News Channel, no wonder CNN's ratings keep declining, they keep turning their viewers away by not offering the content people want to see.

    October 19, 2011 at 10:05 pm | Reply
  7. Smiley

    I was looking eevhrywere and this popped up like nothing!

    November 22, 2011 at 4:25 pm | Reply
  8. iqfapqsv

    V2iPZd pwlxvjhsbzyo

    November 24, 2011 at 3:27 am | Reply
1 2

Post a comment


CNN welcomes a lively and courteous discussion as long as you follow the Rules of Conduct set forth in our Terms of Service. Comments are not pre-screened before they post. You agree that anything you post may be used, along with your name and profile picture, in accordance with our Privacy Policy and the license you have granted pursuant to our Terms of Service.