Editor's Note: Dr. James M. Lindsay is a Senior Vice President at the Council on Foreign Relations and co-author of America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy. Visit his blog here and follow him on Twitter.
By James M. Lindsay, CFR.org
I like political debates. They offer candidates a chance to discuss important issues, and with a bit of luck, help educate the public about the tough choices that the country faces. But sometimes candidates dodge questions and tell people what they want to hear rather than what they need to know. That was the case when Tuesday night’s GOP presidential debate turned to foreign policy.
The first foreign policy question was a good one. An audience member asked whether the candidates supported “the deficit reduction measure to cut defense spending by $500 billion.” Here was a golden opportunity to get an answer to the great unasked question of the campaign: How exactly will the GOP candidates (with the exception of Ron Paul) possibly make good on their promise to maintain (or in Mitt Romney’s case, increase) current levels of defense spending, hold the line against tax increases, and still balance the federal budget?
Alas it remains the great unasked question. Michele Bachmann got the first shot at an answer and talked about Iran. Newt Gingrich labeled himself a “cheap hawk” and railed about the super-committee process. Ron Paul said he would cut military spending. After a quick Twitter-inspired question about whether Herman Cain would negotiate with terrorists, Rick Santorum said he “would absolutely not cut one penny out of military spending.” Moderator Anderson Cooper could have asked if Paul was right that deep cuts in defense spending are unavoidable if the United States is to put its fiscal house in order, especially if tax increases are off the table. He didn’t.
The conversation got even less illuminating when another audience member asked “why do we continue to send foreign aid to other countries when we need all the help we can get for ourselves?” Now it is probably too much to expect presidential candidates, especially Republican ones, to pound the lectern defending foreign aid during campaign season. But they can talk sensibly about the issue, acknowledging voter concerns while explaining that foreign aid serves important U.S. interests.
That isn’t what happened Tuesday night. Instead, Rick Perry went first and answered:
I think it’s time for this country to have a very real debate about foreign aid. Clearly, there are places—as a matter of fact, I think it’s time for us to have a very serious discussion about defunding the United Nations. When you think about—when you think about the Palestinian Authority circumventing those Oslo accords and going to New York to try to create conflict and to have themselves approved as a state without going through proper channels, it is a travesty. And I think it’s time not only to have that entire debate about all of our foreign aid, but in particular, the UN. Why are we funding that organization.
Why Perry thinks that the UN should be punished because Palestinians asked to be recognized as a state isn’t exactly clear. The Security Council hasn’t acted on the request, and it won’t because the United States will veto any resolution to recognize a Palestinian state.
What was most notable about Perry’s statement, however, was that none of his rivals challenged him. Now granted, there’s a lot to dislike about the UN. But the fact is that if it didn’t exist we’d invent it. (Heck, we did invent it.) Why? Because it is a useful venue for furthering American interests. Sanctions against Iran is the most recent and obvious example. And any decision to defund the UN would deeply damage the credibility of American global leadership, the one thing that all the GOP candidates, again with the exception of Ron Paul, insist that Barack Obama has surrendered and that they intend to restore. Not even our closest allies would follow Washington in abandoning the UN.
But again, none of the other GOP candidates wanted to make the case for the UN. Mitt Romney even seemed to want to one-up Perry, implying that he would do away with humanitarian aid:
I happen to think it doesn’t make a lot of sense for us to borrow money from the Chinese to go give it to another country for humanitarian aid. We ought to get the Chinese to take care of the people that are—that are—and think of that borrowed money (today?).
The same could be said, of course, about any federal expenditure, including the two items the audience heartily cheered, defense spending and aid to Israeli.
It was especially odd to hear Romney criticizing humanitarian aid. He is after all the candidate who in describing his approach to foreign policy says he intends to apply “the full spectrum of hard and soft power to influence events before they erupt into conflict.” A Washington that turns its back on humanitarian aid will have a lot less soft power to wield.
Again, it is hardly a surprise that the candidates didn’t do justice to the questions they were asked. It is, however, disappointing. I’ll just keep my fingers crossed that when the candidates meet again onNovember 15 for their national security debate that they grapple with the complexity of the many foreign policy challenges that the United States faces. They would be doing the country a great service.
All the candidates are leading us into WW3 ("again, with the exceptiom of Paul"}. How is that going to help the economy? With our troops scattered across the globe we are wide open to an invasion from China or Russia. I agree with Paul, we need our troops home to protect our borders. There is a war brewing there as it is. I would not trust anyone else with their finger on the nuke button.
Less than one percent of the federal budget goes to foreign aid.
Actually about 1.68% is spent on foreign aid according to the U.S. Census 2011 Statistical Abstract. Which is still a small amount in comparison to what the total federal budget is. Foreign aid is necessary and good spirited.
Anderson Cooper's handeling of the last presidential debate was unbelivably bad. At times the candidates engaged in behavior like little kids, squabbeling and pointing fingers at each other and telling lies. Anderson had almost no controle over the debate. To try to single handedly manage the debate showed how bad that idea was. I hope you find a better way in the future.
With The Exception of Ron Paul.
Pretty much sums it up.
Rick Perry didn't seem to know the difference between foreign aid and dues to the U.N.!
The seven candidates beat around the bush. They shouldn't get away from it.
Does Rick Perry not understand the biggest impediment to Palestinian statehood is our presence in the UN Security Council?
Look I agree with Dr. Paul, foreign aid, while often well meaning, is not a good use of our money. Ask Israel if they liked the billions of aid we gave Mubarak, the Saudis and Assad's father, all of whom ran countries drumming for perpetual war with the Jews. NGO's actually get on the ground in places where our troops would have to fight, and instead of giving the aid to the governments of kleptocrats, the people get more direct subsidies when NGO's are there. If we cut foreign aid altogether, we not only save ourselves money, but possibly win the affection of some in the Arab world, whose ahte for us largely stems from our unyielding support of Israel.
These people don't stand a chance against Chicago group. I read about Chicago politics on Hilary's book 5 years ago. When you read about Solyndra, constant astroturfing still to this day, effort to give one politician bribe to make room for another, nothing really has changed over the years. It's still the same when Hilary was a kid. This politics is not as dirty as third world country politics where they directly take the cash because U.S has laws. This comes close..
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