Editor's Note: The following is reprinted with the permission of the Council on Foreign Relations.
While many Libyans celebrated the death of longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi, the ruling National Transitional Council (NTC) delayed his burial amid calls by the United Nations (al-Jazeera) for an investigation into how he died.
Shortly after Gadhafi was captured Thursday by NTC fighters in his hometown of Sirte, pictures and video circulated on the Internet of his bloody corpse, raising questions about the role of vengeance (NYT) in the so-called Arab Spring. After he died, fighters reportedly paraded Gadhafi's body (AP) through the nearby city of Misurata.
Leaders around the world congratulated Libyans (DeutscheWelle), while warning that the road to a full-fledged democracy would be long and challenging.
Post-Gadhafi Libya will face difficulties with rebel infighting, the anger of Gadhafi loyalists, and more, but the long-time dictator's death also creates an opening for a more peaceful country. CFR's Richard Haass, Ed Husain, and Ray Takeyh weigh Libya's prospects.
Unfortunately for him and for Libya, Gadhafi betrayed his own revolution, just as the other Arab strongmen of his generation did, writes CFR's Mohamad Bazzi in Foreign Affairs.
After Gadhafi's death comes the hard part–preventing Libya from turning into another Somalia, writes Christian Caryl in Foreign Policy.
Palestinian PM Delays Israel Talks
Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Salam Fayyad said the conditions are "not ripe" (BBC) for substantive peace negotiations with Israel right now, despite calls by international negotiators for direct talks later this month.
The exchange of Israel's Gilad Shalit for Palestinian prisoners is unlikely to produce any short-term breakthrough, but it could indicate a shift in Hamas' willingness to deal with Israel, says former U.S. ambassador to Israel Martin Indyk.
In this video, CFR's Robert Danin identifies the winners and losers in the deal brokered between Israel and Hamas to secure the release of Shalit, abducted by Hamas in June 2006.
South Korea, France Announce Economic Cooperation
South Korean Prime Minister Kim Hwang-sik and French Prime Minister Francois Fillon agreed to greater cooperation between corporations in their countries and stronger trade and investment ties (Yonhap).
TAIWAN: President Ma Ying-jeou said he would not hold peace talks with China (BBC) unless voters authorize him to do so in a referendum. Ma was criticized earlier in the week when he called for a peace deal with China within ten years, prompting concern that he is seeking reunification with the mainland.
SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA
Clinton Warns Pakistan on Militants
Visiting Islamabad, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton urged Pakistan's leaders to "squeeze" the Haqqani militant network operating along the AfPak border (ExpressTribune). Clinton warned of further U.S. unilateral action if Pakistan fails to go after extremists.
Pakistan's stability is of great consequence to regional and international security. Don Rassler and Vahid Brown of West Point's Combating Terrorism Center report on the role of the local Haqqani network in the evolution of a global al-Qaeda.
AFGHANISTAN: Taliban leader Maulvi Fazlullah (Reuters) vowed to return to the Swat Valley in Pakistan to wage war and implement Islamic law.
Though toppled from power in Kabul in 2001, the Taliban has become a resilient force that is active in both Afghanistan and Pakistan, explains this CFR Backgrounder.
Women Guilty of Aiding al-Shabaab
A U.S. federal jury found two Somali-American women in Minnesota guilty of raising money (CNN) for al-Qaeda-affiliated Somali group al-Shabaab.
An increase in terror incidents involving Islamic radicals who are U.S. citizens is vexing law enforcement officials and posing new questions about the roots of their radicalization.
SOMALIA: Al-Shabaab fighters put on display seventy dead bodies (al-Jazeera) that they claimed were Burundian African Union peacekeeping troops killed in the Somali capital of Mogadishu. The AU rejected the assertion as propaganda.
This CFR Backgrounder offers a profile of the al-Shabaab Islamist militant organization based in southern Somalia.
U.S. Indicts Iranians in Saudi Plot
A U.S. grand jury in New York indicted two Iranian men accused of plotting to assassinate (Telegraph) the Saudi ambassador in Washington, DC. The United States says the Iranian government was behind the scheme, which Iran denies.
As Washington ratchets up pressure on Tehran in the wake of an alleged terror plot, focus has shifted to finding new levers for halting Iran's controversial nuclear program and casting it as an international pariah, explains this CFR Analysis Brief.
UNITED STATES: The Federal Reserve is considering new monetary easing measures (WSJ) that could include the central bank's buying of mortgage-backed securities in an effort to push down mortgage rates.
ETA Lays Down Arms
Northern Spain's Basque separatist group ETA announced an end to their half-century armed campaign (Guardian) and sought talks with the Spanish and French governments.
GREECE: Amid a second day of violent protests by Greek workers, parliament passed a new round of strict EU- and IMF-mandated austerity measures (DeutscheWelle). EU leaders will meet on Sunday to address a long-term solution for Greece and to prevent further eurozone sovereign debt contagion.
The eurozone, once seen as a crowning achievement in the decades-long path of European integration, is buffeted by a sovereign debt crisis of nations whose membership in the currency union has been poorly policed.