Editor's Note: The following is reprinted with the permission of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Thousands of Egyptian protesters (NYT) clashed for a third day with security forces in Cairo's Tahrir Square as they called on the country's interim military rulers to hand over power to a civilian government. The Egyptian Health Ministry said at least twenty-two people were killed and at least fifteen hundred injured.
The violence was the worst since the overthrow of former president Hosni Mubarak in February, complicating plans to hold parliamentary elections (al-Jazeera) at the end of the month. Many Egyptians fear that even if the parliamentary vote goes forward, the military could still hold on to power until a presidential vote is conducted, possibly as late as 2013.
On Monday, police fired tear gas at protesters in Tahrir Square, some of whom threw stones and firebombs. Protests spread to other Egyptian cities (BBC), including Alexandria, Suez, and Aswan.
A weekend of bloody clashes is reminiscent of the uprising earlier this year, but the turnout is relatively small and most Egyptians are worried about other things, writes TIME's Abigail Hauslohner.
Liberals and conservatives alike are massing in Tahrir Square to demonstrate against the country's military, writes Newsweek's Mike Giglio.
Egyptians feel let down by the army and want to see a national unity government, writes the Arabist's Issandr El Amrani.
Spain's Conservatives Win in Landslide Election
Mariano Rajoy's conservative People's Party beat outgoing Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero's Socialists by sixteen percentage points. Rajoy was handed a mandate to combat eurozone sovereign debt contagion (Guardian) and rein in Spain's rising borrowing costs.
GERMANY: European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso is planning to unveil three different options for issuing so-called eurobonds (DerSpiegel) on Wednesday, putting renewed pressure on Chancellor Angela Merkel to accept the measure.
Former Qaddafi Spy Chief Arrested
Libya's ruling National Transitional Council captured former Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi's spy chief, Abdullah al-Senussi (al-Jazeera), in Libya's southern desert a day after capturing Qaddafi's son and heir, Saif al-Islam.
Aung San Suu Kyi to Run in Myanmar By-Elections
Democratic advocate and opposition leader Aun San Suu Kyi said she will stand for a parliamentary seat (Telegraph) in Myanmar's next elections. Her decision comes days after her National League for Democracy party announced it would rejoin the political process.
In his blog, Asia Unbound, CFR's Joshua Kurlantzick writes that Myanmar's new president has presided over a freer press, a relaxation on political parties, dialogue with Suu Kyi, the freeing of thousands of political prisoners, and a push to convince exiles to return to the country.
CAMBODIA: A UN-backed war crimes court in Phnom Penh began hearing charges against three former senior officials of the 1970s Khmer Rouge regime (BBC). The defendants are charged with genocide and crimes against humanity.
SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA
Taliban Claims to Start Peace Talks with Pakistan
The Pakistani Taliban, Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (Reuters), said it was holding exploratory peace talks with the Pakistani government over the militant-controlled South Waziristan border region with Afghanistan.
Pakistan has emerged as a terrorist sanctuary for some of the world's most violent groups, including al-Qaeda, the Taliban, and homegrown militants, that threaten the stability of Pakistan as well as the region, explains this CFR Backgrounder.
PAKISTAN: President Asif Ali Zardari came under pressure to investigate Pakistan's ambassador to the United States (NYT), Husain Haqqani, over reports that he sent a memo to the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff in May asking for U.S. help in preventing a military coup in Pakistan.
Ethiopian Troops Enter Somalia
Hundreds of Ethiopian troops crossed into western Somalia in a new offensive against al-Shabaab (NYT) Islamist militants, according to witnesses along the Ethiopian-Somali border.
Meanwhile, Kenyan jets and warships attacked and destroyed an al-Shabaab training camp (DailyNation) in southern Somalia that is also used by al-Qaeda.
In this Independent op-ed, CFR's Micah Zenko analyzes the unexpected invasion by Kenyan forces into Somalia to defeat the militant group al-Shabaab.
Man Arrested in Alleged NY Bomb Plot
New York City police said they thwarted a terrorist attack by arresting Jose Pimentel, a man accused of building crude pipe bombs (WSJ) in an effort to target military veterans, post offices, and police stations. Pimentel pleaded not guilty to the charges at an arraignment.
UNITED STATES: The congressional supercommittee (Politico)–which is charged with agreeing on a plan to cut a further $1.2 from the U.S. deficit or face draconian defense and domestic spending cuts–appears set to fail ahead of a Wednesday deadline.