January 9th, 2012
12:38 PM ET

Slaughter: Saving face and peace in the Gulf

Editor's Note: Anne-Marie Slaughter, the dean of Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School and author of The Idea that is America, is currently on a year-long sabbatical in Shanghai. For more from Slaughter, visit Project Syndicate or follow it on Facebook and Twitter. The views expressed in this article are solely those of Anne-Marie Slaughter.

By Anne-Marie SlaughterProject Syndicate

The West and Iran are playing a dangerous game. In the past ten days, Iran threatened to close the Strait of Hormuz and warned the United States against sending an aircraft carrier back into the Persian Gulf. The US predictably responded that its aircraft carriers could and would patrol wherever necessary to promote freedom of navigation. Iran then announced that it would conduct naval exercises in the Strait.

In the game of “chicken,” two cars drive straight at each other at top speed; either one driver “chickens out” and swerves, or they collide in a fireball. Governments around the world cannot stand by and watch that game play out across the world’s energy lifeline. It is time for third parties to step in and facilitate solutions that allow Iran to save face while significantly and credibly reducing its supply of enriched uranium.

Iran may or may not be planning to go all the way to production of a nuclear weapon. Nonetheless, it is in clear violation of its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, as determined by the International Atomic Energy Agency, which is charged with monitoring the treaty. Its continuing non-compliance is destabilizing the entire Middle East, with serious repercussions for global security.

Although the Iranian government could most likely be deterred from using a nuclear weapon, the price of a nuclear Iran could well be a regional arms race – a nuclear Saudi Arabia, possibly followed by Turkey and Egypt. Nuclear weapons, components, and materials in a region that is already volatile and violent, and that determines the world’s oil prices, is an appalling scenario. The market has already taken the measure of the past week’s tensions, driving up the price of some oil contracts to their highest levels in eight months.

Trying to force Iran to back down with steadily mounting sanctions has not produced results. Despite the tightening economic noose – the US imposed sanctions on all companies that do business with Iran’s central bank, and the European Union plans to impose sanctions on Iranian oil exports by the end of January – many nuclear experts now estimate that Iran is very close to enriching enough uranium to build a bomb.

But how else can the US, the EU, and the United Nations make clear that the “international community” means what it says? To go soft now is to lose all credibility with respect not only to Iran, but also to any other country thinking about pursuing a nuclear path.

The logic is compelling enough, except that the current course leaves Iran’s government no alternative between publicly backing down, which it will not do, and escalating its provocations. After all, what government wants to be seen as “chickening out”? And, in this case, decision-makers on both sides face domestic opponents who are only too ready to pounce at the least sign of weakness.

In the US, the Republican Party’s leading presidential candidate in this year’s election, Mitt Romney, declared at a recent debate, “If you elect me as President, Iran will not have a nuclear weapon.” His principal challenger, Rick Santorum, told NBC News that he would “order air strikes” if it “became clear that [Iran] was going to get nuclear weapons.” So this is no time for President Barack Obama to go wobbly.

Iranian politics is much harder to read. In the ongoing power struggle between President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, each is more likely to out-tough the other than to propose concessions to the West. Moreover, many Iranian analysts point out that Khamenei and his inner circle are convinced that the US is ultimately bent on regime change – and is willing to use force to achieve it. Hence Iranian missile tests, threats to close the Strait of Hormuz, and announcements of nuclear progress should be read as efforts to deter more than provoke.

The more publicly the West threatens Iran, the more easily Iranian leaders can portray America as the Great Satan to parts of the Iranian population that have recently been inclined to see the US as their friend. The net effect is to keep Iran speeding down the road toward a crash.

It is time for cooler heads to prevail with a strategy that helps Iran step back. The key players here are Brazil and Turkey, whose governments negotiated an ill-timed deal with Iran in May 2011, whereby Iran would transfer 1,200 kilograms of low-enriched uranium to Turkey in exchange for 1,200 kilograms of medium-enriched uranium for medical research at a Tehran reactor.

That deal quickly fell apart, but it could be time to try again. The stage is already set in Turkey, which agreed on January 6 to host a new round of nuclear talks between Iran and the 5+1 group (the five permanent members of the UN Security Council + Germany).

A new deal would probably have to go beyond the swap proposed in May 2011, but there are other possibilities. For example, add Egypt and Qatar to the equation and bring in the UN to provide an umbrella for a proposed regional nuclear-fuel bank, to which Iran would make the first contribution. Bring in South Korea (a major customer for Iranian oil) and Russia and begin exploring options for a global fuel bank. And ensure that all countries in the region reaffirm the basic rules of freedom of navigation in a way that allows them to claim vindication.

Where the political will exists to allow the other side sufficient margin to reach an agreement, creative solutions can be found. Still, diplomats know that war can be preferable to humiliation, which is why saving face is just as important as threatening force – and why other countries should step in and provide the room that both sides need to avoid a head-on collision.

The views expressed in this article are solely those of Anne-Marie Slaughter.

Post by:
Topics: Iran • Nuclear

soundoff (34 Responses)
  1. IRAN IS BULLING THE ARABIAN GULF

    WHY USA AFRAID TO ATTACK IRAN!/ WHY UK AND FRANCE ARE SILENT ABOUT BASHAR AL ASAD OF SYRIA AFTER KILLING 7200 PEOPLE!? WHY IRAN STILL HAVE A WEAPON OF MASS DESTRUCTION!? AND USA WENT TO THE WRONG COUNTRY OF IRAQ WHO HAS NO WEAPON OF MASS DESTRUCTION!? IS IT OR LIES AND DEALS BEHIND THE TABLE BETWEEN USA ,IRAN AND ISRAEL!? SOME ONE PLEASE EXPLAIN TO ME

    January 9, 2012 at 1:17 pm | Reply
    • Iranian for democracy

      Actually, it's the Persian gulf, that's what it has always been called, even thousands of years ago. "Arabian Gulf" is something that the saudis with their money have been able to influence media to call it only recently. None the less, it is not the Arabian gulf but the Persian gulf.

      January 9, 2012 at 1:28 pm | Reply
    • regis

      Because American lives have value to them and don't need to be wasted on some country that hates us anyway.

      January 9, 2012 at 1:36 pm | Reply
      • Persia

        PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF

        January 11, 2012 at 5:25 am |
      • CNN

        THERE WAS NO FU*K*G AMERICA 500 YEARS AGO , YOUR VALUES ARE DISTRUCTION OF NATIVE INDIANS LIVES IN AMERICA YOU LITTLE ....

        January 11, 2012 at 5:31 am |
    • CNN

      MAADAR GAHBEH THATS PERSIAN GULF KOSKESHE ARABE MALAKH KHOR KOONI MADAR JENDE

      January 11, 2012 at 5:32 am | Reply
    • CNN

      HEY U ARAB !
      THAT'S PERSIAN GULF, OK ???

      January 11, 2012 at 5:33 am | Reply
  2. regis

    I say just let them have nukes and if they are dumb enough to use them, most likely a retaliatory strike will send them to the stone age.

    January 9, 2012 at 1:33 pm | Reply
    • j. von hettlingen

      True, at the moment Iran is do obsessed with their nuclear ambtion, that nothing can stop it from achieving its goal. Anne-Marie Slaughter is right that one should try diplomacy to deal with Iran. Nobody approves of what it does, yet one should find a way to solve the conflict, before it escalates.

      January 9, 2012 at 6:10 pm | Reply
      • j. von hettlingen

        please read – SO obsessed....

        January 10, 2012 at 6:42 am |
  3. MO Says

    SInce when does the "inner circle" of Iran or their foot in mouth leader, Armindinnerjacket dictate what we're going to do?

    The Arab Spring (yet to be determined if it will lead to an "Indian Summer") has not taken hold of Iran, or Syria: YET. Iranians are smart and tried to change the government several years back. But like the Chinese Tinnamen (sp.?) Square they were squashed. This element should be encouraged and supported with financial aid, military arms but not troups.

    I am not in favor of sending 1 man to Iran. I AM in favor of sending missles drones whatever it takes to send a simple message:the US will support Israel (whether you like or hate Jews, Israelis, Zionists....deal with it!) and will NOT let Iran become a nuclear player. PERIOD!

    Iran: either dismantle your program now....or prepare to meet Allah sans the virgins!

    MO

    January 9, 2012 at 2:45 pm | Reply
  4. George Patton

    That the right-wing thugs in Washington even talk about "freedon of navigation" is nothing but a big, fat ugly farce!!! By applying the politics of hunger which they call "economic sanctions" against places like Cuba, Iran and North Korea, they're proving just how dead set they are against the idea of such freedom!!!

    January 9, 2012 at 3:08 pm | Reply
  5. IRAN IS EVIL

    USA MUST ATTACK IRAN THEY ARE EVIL AND EXCUTE ANY USA FALSELY.
    أصدرت المحكمة الثورية الإيرانية حكما بالإعدام على أميركي من أصل إيراني بعد اتهامه بالتجسس لصالح وكالة الاستخبارات المركزية الأميركية (سي آي إي) وفق ما أفادت اليوم الاثنين تقارير إعلامية.

    وذكر مصدر إعلامي إيراني نقلا عن المتحدث باسم السلطة القضائية غلام حسين محسني إيجي قوله إن حكم الإعدام صدر بحق أمير ميرزا حكمتي (28عاما) لتعاونه مع الحكومة الأميركية "المعادية" والتجسس لصالح الاستخبارات الأميركية والسعي إلى ربط إيران بـ "الإرهاب".

    وأضاف المصدر أن النيابة العامة أعلنت أن الحكم نقل إلى محامي الدفاع الذي بإمكانه تقديم استئناف.

    وأشارت وكالة فارس للأنباء إلى أن حكمتي مثل بقاعة المحكمة ووجهت إليه الاتهامات بشكل رسمي وأجاب عن جميع أسئلة القاضي، واعترف بجميع التهم ومن بينها محاولة اختراق الأجهزة الأمنية، وقال إنه تعرض لعملية خداع من الأميركيين.

    إدانة
    وقد أدان البيت الأبيض الأميركي حكم الإعدام مؤكدا أن الاتهامات التي سيقت ضد أمير ميرزا حكمتي "خاطئة".

    وأعلن المتحدث باسم مجلس الأمن القومي تومي فيتور أن بلاده ستتحقق من الأمر، وستعمل على "نقل إدانتنا" إلى الحكومة الإيرانية عبر شركائها.

    من جانبه نفى والد حكمتي المقيم فى ديترويت بالولايات المتحدة أي صلة لابنه بالاستخبارات الأميركية، وذكر أنه كان يعمل مترجما بالجيش الأميركي وعندما ألقي القبض عليه كان في زيارة لجدته بإيران.

    يُذكر أن حكمتي إيراني الأصل، وهو من مواليد ولاية أريزونا الأميركية وتم اعتقاله في ديسمبر /كانون الأول الماضي، وقد ذكرت وزارة الاستخبارات الإيرانية أنه تلقي تدريبا في قواعد أميركية بكل من أفغانستان والعراق المجاورين.

    وقد كانت للقضاء الإيراني سوابق في إصدار أحكام قاسية على من يدينهم بالتجسس، لكنه كان يعود ليلغي الحكم وعادة ما ينتهي الأمر بالسماح للمحكومين بالعودة إلى بلادهم.

    January 9, 2012 at 3:17 pm | Reply
  6. Hahahahahahahahaha

    Slaughter......That's funny!!!!! You must be a republican. Hahahahahahahahahaha.

    January 10, 2012 at 9:32 am | Reply
  7. Onesmallvoice

    This Anne-Marie Slaughter seems to be aspiring to be our own Josef Goebbels with all her Republican, pro-war propaganda. What she never mentions is the fact that a lot of people have a nasty habit of getting killed in all the useless wars! Again I wish to reiterate the fact that there's absolutely neither glory nor honor in these needless wars, only pain and heartache!!!

    January 10, 2012 at 11:42 am | Reply
  8. Persian

    PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF

    January 11, 2012 at 5:18 am | Reply
    • Izzet

      FYI: ovaerstimeting the street and its relationship to the Muslim clergy is an on-going mistake in Egypt, at least. (I can't speak for Jordan). One, because the majority of Egyptians don't want a relgious state. Two, because the clergy are dependent on the regime and not the other way around. Three, because there are a million security police committed to the regime who aren't going to pay any attention to an Iranian (or other) fatwa.I believe a fatwa would be extremely counter-productive in the Muslim communities. It will isolate the movement...I think you consistently get the American Protestant- Catholic relationship wrong in terms of the Middle East, and I think you're getting the religious-secular wrong in Egypt.

      February 12, 2012 at 12:28 am | Reply
  9. Persian

    PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF

    January 11, 2012 at 5:19 am | Reply
  10. Persian

    PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF

    January 11, 2012 at 5:19 am | Reply
    • Sambh

      Long oeuvdre. The generals haven't asked for the draft. The only 1's who have are Libs who hate the military. Hmmmm. Cutting tax rates has lead to INCREASED tax revenue.

      February 11, 2012 at 9:46 pm | Reply
  11. Persian

    PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF

    January 11, 2012 at 5:20 am | Reply
  12. FRED

    IT'S THE PERSIAN GULF

    January 11, 2012 at 5:20 am | Reply
  13. IRNT

    IT WAS PERSIAN GULF, IT IS PERSIAN GULF AND IT WILL REMAIN THE PERSIAN GULF FOR EVER

    January 11, 2012 at 5:22 am | Reply
  14. Persia

    PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF PERSIAN GULF

    January 11, 2012 at 5:23 am | Reply
  15. G. William Heil

    This article is thought provoking, containing, in my opinion, pragmatic thought that, I think, makes sense. In essence it provides a compass for a course of progress.

    That is necessary but not sufficient. Also necessary is the will by peoples of the world and their leaders to make this concept work. This need is implied by her remarks. I don't know how to achieve this. Most of us are so busy making our own lives work each day that we have little time for the learning and directed effort necessary to accomplish this goal.

    Collectively, this is tragic.

    January 14, 2012 at 11:43 am | Reply
  16. Fisch

    Iran can leave the NPT any time and what would you say then?

    January 16, 2012 at 6:36 am | Reply
  17. Pete

    Why is it that terroristic leaders seem to always want to learn lessons the hard way. I say let them throw the first sone of agression then go back at them with a truck full of boulders. I feel for all those innocent people who have to live with such a repressive regime.

    January 17, 2012 at 7:19 am | Reply
  18. Melda

    JohnH,Bravo! Indeed it is time for Obama to start livnig up to the lofty values he expressed during the campaign in 2008.

    February 11, 2012 at 11:33 pm | Reply

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