Who was the best foreign policy president?
October 22nd, 2012
08:59 AM ET

Who was the best foreign policy president?

As President Obama and Republican challenger Mitt Romney square off in the final presidential debate - focusing on foreign policy - who should they perhaps be drawing inspiration from?

Global Public Square asked a group of historians and commentators a few weeks ago for their take on the most successful U.S. presidents, from a foreign policy point of view. (All views expressed here are, of course, the writers' own.) Agree or disagree? Share your thoughts in the comments.

Read the original post and readers' opinions

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT

Bruce Jentleson is professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Duke University and the author, among other works, of "American Foreign Policy: The Dynamics of Choice in the 21st Century."

His take: Both for his leadership turning one of our country’s moments of greatest vulnerability into the triumph of World War II, and for the vision to begin building the postwar peace, Franklin D. Roosevelt deserves the highest ranking. Congressional isolationists had blocked most of FDR’s efforts to start mobilizing the American industrial base and preparing the American people for the war. We would have had our work cut out for us even if the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor hadn’t crippled the Navy. FDR’s fireside chats provided a mix of reassurance and call to action. From only 175,000 troops, enlistments and the draft brought the military to 8.5 million. Government and industry worked together. American families did their share buying war bonds and growing “victory gardens” – including my then-14 year-old Mom who still had her official thank you letter for her Scranton, Pennsylvania plot of lettuce and tomatoes when she died more than 60 years later. And even before the war was over, he began laying the groundwork for a postwar order: the Bretton Woods open international economic system, the United Nations, diplomacy with the Soviet Union to at least try and avoid what later became the Cold War.

More: The current candidates' global challenges

James Lee Ray is director of undergraduate studies at Vanderbilt University.

His take: Franklin Delano Roosevelt is hard choice to avoid as most successful foreign policy president. He faced the greatest, most serious challenges, and he dealt with them successfully.

He managed to make important contributions to the anti-fascist effort even when faced with overwhelming isolationist opposition before 1941. (Lend-Lease, for example.) Japan attacked in 1941, and then Hitler declared war almost immediately. That declaration made it possible for him to focus on Europe first. His planning for the attack across the English Channel took a very long time. Meanwhile, the Nazis and Communists were killing each other by the millions. The difficulties faced by the Allies even in 1944 when the cross-channel attack was launched suggest that an earlier attack might have been premature and unsuccessful.

Holding together the Allied coalition was difficult. Adopting the policy of “unconditional surrender” was probably a key to doing so. He did put too much faith, at Yalta, in his ability to deal with Stalin after the war. He didn’t count on being dead when the time came. But it is unlikely that any policies would have prevented the Soviet Union from taking over in Eastern Europe, or the Cold War.

Andrew Bacevich is a professor of international relations at Boston University and a retired career officer in the U.S. Army.

His take: The measure of merit: A successful statesman enhances the wealth, power, and influence of the state; the unsuccessful statesmen depletes those assets.

Based on those criteria, Franklin D. Roosevelt ranks as our most successful foreign policy president. Thanks to FDR’s skillful management of World War II, the United States by 1945 had become the richest and strongest country in the world. Americans were the sole beneficiaries of the cataclysm touched off by Hitler’s invasion of Poland in September 1939. By the time the smoke cleared, the ranks of Great Powers had been reduced to two and in every way that counted, the United States enjoyed vast advantages over its only conceivable rival, the Soviet Union.

James M. Lindsay is the senior vice president and director of studies at the Council on Foreign Relations.

His take: In the spirit of the bipartisanship that Americans long for in their foreign policy but typically don’t see, two presidents rate as most successful in foreign policy: Franklin D. Roosevelt and George H.W. Bush. With the destroyer-for-bases-deal, the Lend Lease Act, and other actions, FDR secured critical support for Britain during its darkest hours and against intense isolationist head winds at home. He then led the country to victory in World War II and oversaw the creation of the bedrock international institutions of the modern world: the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank.

More: Next president faces a dangerous world

GEORGE H.W. BUSH

Thomas Schwartz is professor of history at Vanderbilt University.

His take: Two very different presidents who come to mind almost immediately are Harry Truman and Richard Nixon. Truman’s presidency laid the basis for the successful policy of containing the Soviet Union and built such important foreign policy institutions as NATO, through which American policy was exercised throughout the Cold War. He presided over the reintegration of Germany and Japan into the American led system of alliances. Truman did fight an unpopular war in Korea and fire a popular general, but his decisions have largely been vindicated by history even though they made him extremely unpopular as he left office. The other president is Richard Nixon, who with the help of Henry Kissinger reversed America’s decades-long estrangement from China and dramatically improved relations with the Soviet Union, playing the two communist giants off against each other. Although Nixon’s policy of ending the war in Vietnam was controversial, it was ultimately approved by the American people, who gave him one of the largest landslides in American history. But the collapse of his presidency over Watergate keeps his presidency from being seen as a success.

But the president I would select as the most successful post-1945 president in foreign policy is George Herbert Walker Bush. Bush came into the presidency during the tumultuous year of 1989, which saw the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, and most importantly, the reunification of Germany. Not only did he manage these changes with an intelligence and modesty that facilitated America’s goals, he also worked quietly behind the scenes with his Soviet counterpart Mikhail Gorbachev to minimize any violence and bloodshed. At the same time, Bush engineered an extraordinarily effective international coalition to oust Saddam Hussein from Kuwait. He was a president who both recognized the potential strength of the United States, but also the limits of its power.

James Lee Ray:

His take: George H. W. Bush is surely the most highly qualified foreign policy president in the history of the country. He had been a Congressman, head of the CIA, ambassador to the United Nations, envoy to China and vice president of the United States for eight years by the time he became president.

And that experience seemed to pay off. He did launch a gratuitous attack on Panama in 1989. But then he put together the greatest, most powerful coalition ever (compared to its enemy), to push Iraq (and its million man army) out of Kuwait in 1991. He avoided the temptation to go into Baghdad. (Had he not, the hardline Communist coup in the Soviet Union in August of 1991 would have succeeded.)

Bush faced a situation in Germany after the end of the Cold War whose potential for disaster is also still under-appreciated. The Soviet Union still had 300,000 troops in East Germany. It did not want to see Germany united, and it considered a united Germany as a member of NATO totally out of the question. But President Bush managed to pull that off anyway, without creating a very messy crisis in the middle of Europe, with a desperate Soviet Union in its death throes.

James M. Lindsay:

His take: George H. W. Bush did not enjoy the FDR’s electoral success. But during his one term he successfully handled some of the stiffest foreign policy challenges of the last half century. He helped manage the peaceful collapse of the Soviet Union and pushed for the reunification of Germany against the advice of close U.S. allies. He also liberated Kuwait and resisted calls to send the U.S. military onward to Baghdad. No, the elder Bush never figured out what the “new world order” would look like. But then again, neither have his three successors.

RONALD REAGAN

Danielle Pletka is Vice President of Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at the American Enterprise Institute.

Her take: Measuring the relative success of American presidents in foreign policy is an almost impossible task. Even narrowing the task to the 20th and 21st centuries demands almost ridiculous comparisons. What are the metrics? Lives lost? Lives saved? American interests served? But which ones? Many might argue that Franklin Roosevelt was one of our nation’s greatest foreign policy leaders, ushering in the era of American global leadership, ridding the world of a vile dictator. But World War II was also a tale of missed opportunity; of lives lost because the United States would not act. Can any war that ends with the death of six million Jews be considered a “success”?

Then too, there are contests, many partisan, for the title of worst foreign policy president. Was it Lyndon Johnson, who failed to successfully prosecute the Vietnam War and sacrificed tens of thousands of American lives only to see us leave a few short years later? Was it George W. Bush, scourge of liberals for beginning the Iraq War, a conflict supported by the United States Congress but long and complex in its undertaking? Or Jimmy Carter, for whom ideology was paramount, therefore allowing the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the Islamist takeover of Iran?

There are no serious answers to the question because American leadership doesn’t lend itself to a neat, nonpartisan dissection of our presidents. Different Americans want different things for our country, and even those Americans aren’t divided into neat partisan lines. There are Republicans and Democrats for retreat; conservatives and liberals for internationalism.

Still, two men vie for the title of best and worst, though each has many competitors. Each governed at a seminal moment, and saw the United States through a crossroads, determining a path that would govern our future for many years.

Ronald Reagan had a vision for America in the world. Importantly, his ambitions for America’s role on the world stage were not shaped by our enemies, but rather shaped by his own view of American exceptionalism. Reagan hastened the end of the defining battle of the 20th century, the fight between those who believed in freedom and those who embraced communism. True, there were bad choices of allies (Pinochet, Savimbi), but in the aftermath of the Carter era – dominated by a president who believed American power was an embarrassment to be lived down – Reagan knew not only what the United States opposed, but what America supported: freedom in all its iterations.

More: What can history teach the next president?

Honorable mention

JIMMY CARTER

David Ryan is professor of history at University College Cork, Ireland and author of Frustrated Empire: US Foreign Policy from 9/11 to Iraq.

His take: Jimmy Carter reflected in his second State of the Union that it was “sound.” The troubles of 1979 had yet to compound his presidency. Carter reflected that on his watch, not one American service person had died abroad. He asked his audience, in words that now seem incredibly ironic, what sort of world the early 21st century would be as that generation of kids grew up – would America be at war? “Our children who will be born this year will come of age in the 21st Century. What kind of society, what kind of world are we building for them? Will we ourselves be at peace? Will our children enjoy a better quality of life? Will a strong and united America still be a force for freedom and prosperity around the world?” Little did he realize that it would witness two presidents trying desperately and ineffectively to withdraw from two theaters of combat with mixed results.

Of course, Carter was weak! Or so the conventional narrative ran. He received constant advice that he had to hit someone, somewhere. Americans were confused about the direction of his foreign policy. Americans had been taken hostage, the Soviets had moved into Afghanistan, the Sandinistas had succeeded in Nicaragua and Carter moved around the White House in indecision: such is the caricature.

Yet Carter realized that the use of force in each of these instances would be counterproductive. On Iran especially, he confessed to an interviewer that bombing Tehran might make the country feel good, perhaps if timed well, he might have even been re-elected. But in terms of local and specific objectives, he would not have advanced the agenda much. Despite his early rhetoric, his was a more cautious and realistic presidency. After a decade and more of the atrocious use of force, he recognized the limits of U.S. military power and the power of the country’s appeal. That it did not work is in part due to the domestic discourse that straitjacket presidents in so many ways, limiting their choices, generating expectation, frequently of a pugnacious sort, and most insidiously questioning their “credibility” should they fall short.

THOMAS JEFFERSON

Bruce Jentleson:

His take: Thomas Jefferson gets my second nomination, principally for his deft diplomacy in pulling off the Louisiana Purchase. These 820,000 square miles, encompassing an area that eventually would include all or part of 14 new states and provide the gateway opening the Far West, transformed our small Atlantic Coast country into a vast continental one. Despite blustery urgings from Alexander Hamilton to try to seize these areas militarily, Jefferson got it done through skilled statecraft. He played French-British-Spanish rivalries off one against the other. And when he and his emissary James Monroe saw how much Napoleon needed the money, they savvily shifted from their original plan to buy just the port of New Orleans for $10 million to dealing for all that territory for just $15 million.

None of the above:

Scott Lucas is a professor of American and Canadian Studies at the University of Birmingham, England.

His take: I don’t think there is a best, at least in the post-1945 world, because each of them has been limited by the demands of American power. Franklin D. Roosevelt might have prevailed with a vision of the “international” had he not died in office, but Truman and Eisenhower were both caught up in the confrontation with the Soviet Union – the good of the Marshall Plan has to be set alongside not-so-good U.S. interventions outside Western Europe. Kennedy’s inaugural address is one of the most aggressive speeches ever delivered and partly-implemented, Johnson sank in Vietnam, and Nixon complemented “détente” with a cynical U.S. policy that rampaged through much of the world from Cambodia to East Timor to Chile. Reagan? Overrated – the fortuitous economic exhaustion of the Soviet Union saved him from a less-exalted reputation built on the excesses of U.S. power, such as Iran-Contra and the aftermath of 1980s Afghanistan.

Jimmy Carter could have made a difference, but his well-intentioned attempt to shift U.S. policy to international justice and rights was sabotaged by the Soviets, Congress, and an inability to deal with cases like Iran.

But the one lost chance of “best” that sticks with me is seeing the last overseas speech of Bill Clinton, given in December 2000 in Warwick, England. He spoke in a tired but eloquent voice of the necessity to meet the challenges of climate change and global warming, epidemics and basic health care, and the vast divide in living standards. And I thought, “Great speech. What have you been doing for the last eight years?”

What do you think? Which president set the bar when it comes to U.S. foreign policy? Who would you argue in favor of? Against? Share your thoughts in the comments below.

Topics: 2012 Election

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soundoff (78 Responses)
  1. Jane Roe

    Hate to say it, Richard Nixon. Only a rabid anti communist could forge relationships with China and the Soviet Union. He supplied Israel with emergency armament in the October War, and once his ally had defeated Egypt and Syria, then USSR allies, he sent Kissinger to handle the disengagement agreements. He was masterful, unfortunately, at playing both sides.

    November 28, 2012 at 2:49 pm | Reply
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  3. Herewe Goagain

    Jimmy Carter is a little weasel and we should revoke his American citizenship.

    March 6, 2013 at 3:52 pm | Reply
  4. Alex

    Why in Saudi Arabia they forbid Christian to go to mass on Sunday?

    May 10, 2013 at 11:33 am | Reply
    • Keith

      Why did we never attack the country that supplied all the terrorists on 9/11?

      January 15, 2014 at 8:10 pm | Reply
  5. F.A.N.

    Saying which President was the best at anything is like trying to say which of your own children are the best; it's impossible. Each President had a completely different situation to deal with, and played with different players as well. Everyone should try to find what good things each President did and not always the bad. For example President John Adams through his response to the XYZ affair showed the world that we wouldn't be bullied around and give way to the demands of the corrupt. Just reading comments that clearly show bias towards one side of the political spectrum or the other only promotes anger filled shouting contests, not logical debates. Come on America. Turn down the passion and turn up the logic.

    May 21, 2013 at 10:47 am | Reply
  6. m.s.mohamed ansari

    I am also prayer. Our deepest sympathies go out to all those whose lives have been affected, as well as the American people Oklahoma #tornado"

    May 21, 2013 at 10:54 am | Reply
  7. m.s.mohamed ansari

    ECONOMIC COLLAPSE REASON ILLEGAL WAR .PLEASE SAVE GLOBAL ECONOMICS

    GLOBAL CONTROL OVER BY QUEEN ELIZABATH
    ROYAL BUDGET COST EVERY YEAR $,1.7.TRILLION

    HOUSE OF COMMAND
    FREE MASON.
    CONGRESS

    ELECTRONICAL
    VOTE
    Electronic vote RESULT IS GONE DESIGNING WORLD
    HEADQUARTERS
    OF ALL
    ASSOCIATION

    PRESS
    MEDIA G20
    LEADER
    & RED CROSS
    UN
    IMF EURO
    UNION.USA.UK.G8

    THE WHITE HOUSE ARAB
    LEADERS
    &
    POPE

    OPEC
    &
    NASA
    NATO
    GLOBAL ECONOMIC
    EFFECTED THIS
    Enjoying this
    UK.ROYAL
    USA
    UK.ARABS
    EURO
    UNION
    FREE
    MASON
    U.K – U.S & Eurounion
    • WAR cost total $ 3.5 TRILLION
    • POVERTY FAMINE &Effected education.
    • Jobless PRESENT ECONOMIC CRISIS
    • Effected All liberal democracy. Billion of people tax pays.
    • FDI INVESTOR &Joint ventured
    • Effected CNC manufacturer & energy power
    • BANKRUPT 170 BANK OVER ALL 87000 BRANCHES
    • Million of people death and is wounded. NATO &US. Coalition troops 8000 wound 35000
    • Increase every day by day OPEC.
    • Global environment climate change this leads to agricultural &human health problem
    JUSTICE IS IN PERIL .SAVIOUR OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE ALONE CAN PROTECT HUMANITY
    Kindly please open the link which is below M.S.MOHAMED ANSARI

    http://costofwar.com/

    http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/war.casualties/index.html

    http://usparliament.org/globaleconomicsdivision.php

    http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL3647712A/World_Media_Association

    Economic save only 6 point. Peace, prayer, liberty, unity, friendly, and simplicity.

    Indeed, to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth; billion of universe; He gives life and causes death. And you have not besides ALLAA any protector or any helper. ALLAA AKBAR. Quran 9/116

    And say, "Truth has come, and falsehood has departed. Indeed is falsehood, [by nature], ever bound to depart." Quran 17/81.

    Every one come Easy way Islam. Take of bath properly please say.ALLAA AKBAR VA ASHATHU ANNAMOHAMMED ABDUHU VA RASOOL. Following. 6. 1, each everything only believe ALLAA next 2, A DAY 6time prayer. 3, RAMADAN Every year one month fasting 4, ZAKKATH. Every year one time Charity 6% 5, IKRAAM. Give an take policy 6, DAWA call Every body Islam.

    History say .All country, army,weapons and money are all in one roof to against attack innocent saddam hussein ? people want to justify w.bush or saddam hussein

    According to the CNN WORLD report, in the war 6, 75,000 civilians killed, 7500 troops of USA and its allied forces killed 3 25 000 people wounded and $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar spent for the war. This spending of $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar is the main cause of action for the present economic crises prevailing all over the world.
    After winning the war against IRAQ, the United States of America’s President Mr. George W.Bush, also admitted the same fact, and he openly stated that the Intelligence agency misguided him.
    Later on, even the United Nations Organization (UNO) also certified that the IRAQ has no nuclear weapons.
    Then it is the bounded duty of the United States of America and its allied forces to withdraw from IRAQ.

    M.S.MOHAMED ANSARI, OLD NO 154 ANGAPPANAICK STREET. CHENNAI 600001. INDIA

    May 21, 2013 at 10:55 am | Reply
    • Clavers

      How did this post ever get past the moderators?

      January 14, 2014 at 11:20 pm | Reply
  8. m.s.mohamed ansari

    يقول التاريخ. جميع البلاد، والجيش والأسلحة والأموال كلها في سقف واحد لضد الهجوم الأبرياء صدام حسين؟ الناس يريدون تبرير دبليو بوش أو صدام حسين

    ووفقا للتقرير العالمي لشبكة CNN، في حرب 6، 75،000 مدنيا، 7500 جندي من الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية وقتلت القوات المتحالفة معها أصيب 3 25 000 شخص و 3.5 $ تريليون دولار تنفق على الحرب. هذا الإنفاق من 3.5 تريليون دولار الدولار هو السبب الرئيسي للعمل للأزمات الاقتصادية الحالية السائدة في جميع أنحاء العالم.
    بعد الانتصار في الحرب ضد العراق، قبلت الولايات المتحدة من الرئيس الأميركي جورج دبليو بوش السيد، أيضا نفس الواقع، وصرح بأن وكالة المخابرات المضللة له علنا.
    في وقت لاحق، وحتى منظمة الأمم المتحدة (UNO) معتمدة أيضا أن العراق ليس لديه أسلحة نووية.
    فمن واجب يحدها من الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية والقوات المتحالفة معها للانسحاب من العراق.

    MSMOHAMED الأنصاري OLD NO 154 ANGAPPANAI CK الشارع. تشيناي 600001. INDIA

    21 مايو 2013 في الساعة 10:55 | رد

    June 6, 2013 at 3:23 am | Reply
  9. Jim

    I stronly believe Ronal Reagan will be remembered and proven by history as one of the greatest American presidents. Declaring the USSR as an "Evil Empire" was the start of winning the Cold War and getting out of our stalemate with the Russians. So many eopple criticize STAR WARS. It never matteered whether it was feasible or not, or whether it would even work.. However, it shifted our strategic policy from "Mutually Assured Destruction" to Missle Defense and single handedly led to the fall of communism. The Russians couldnt keep up...Reagan knew that they would go bankrupt and so did the Russians. They had to capitulate. Reagan is not given enough credit for the destruction of the USSR and the end of the Cold War.

    August 31, 2013 at 10:51 am | Reply
    • Clavers

      Absolutely right. Reagan was the best foreign policy President, with daylight second.

      The wave of democracy that has swept the developing and emerging countries over the past 30 years, and the (much under-reported) economic boom now occurring among the middle-tier countries of the world, would not have happened without his achievements in freeing the world from the constraints of the Cold War.

      January 14, 2014 at 11:26 pm | Reply
  10. m.s.mohamed ansari

    m.s.mohamed ansari
    RUSH SAVE GLOBAL ECONOMIC

    M.s.mohamed ansari

    All press and media Arabs leader and G20 leader under control by A TO Z + 8
    QUEEN + 8
    Royal wedding cost. 10 generation total $ 57 trillion
    Each every politician rolling 8 years only
    But queen family enjoying 10 generation

    GLOBAL ECONOMIC FALL REASON WAR. Improve economy Only peace and prayer

    I am also happy kill osma bin laden
    Turing point of global economy. Islam not allowed Terries Terries people not for Muslim
    1. Please avoid war. Day by day war cost increase $ 3.5 trillion
    2. Global economy in crisis
    3. International job less
    4. Global financial crisis financial crisis for every manufacture
    5. Every Day OPEC Oil Price Increase
    6. World poverty problem
    7. Each every single man effected
    8. Ignore future death million of already death
    9. Million of people wounded
    10. Global environment climate will be change this will lead global agriculture problem

    JUSTICE IS IN PERIL. SAVIOUR OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE ALONE CAN PROTECT HUMANITY
    From. Mr.M.S.Mohamed Ansari,
    154, Angappa Naicken Street,
    Chennai – 600 001.
    Tamil Nadu,
    INDIA..

    To , The Hon’ble Chief Justice,
    The Supreme Court,
    United States of America,
    Washington, D.C.
    Fax no: 213.547.8080

    Dear Sir,
    Sub: Prosecution of previous President Mr. George W.Bush, for violation of International Code of Conduct.
    Mr. George W.Bush, the previous President of United States of America, initiated a war against IRAQ, without obtaining the previous sanction of United Nations Organization (UNO) on the pretext of having nuclear weapons, even though the then IRAQ government openly exhibited to the whole world that it has no nuclear weapons.
    According to the CNN WORLD report, in the war 6, 75,000 civilians killed, 7500 troops of USA and its allied forces killed 3 25 000 people wounded and $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar spent for the war. This spending of $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar is the main cause of action for the present economic crises prevailing all over the world.
    After winning the war against IRAQ, the United States of America’s President Mr. George W.Bush, also admitted the same fact, and he openly stated that the Intelligence agency misguided him.
    Later on, even the United Nations Organization (UNO) also certified that the IRAQ has no nuclear weapons.
    Then it is the bounded duty of the United States of America and its allied forces to withdraw from IRAQ.
    But instead of withdrawing from IRAQ, the United States of America and its allied forces formed a government in IRAQ, under their control and administered the entire IRAQ, and its peoples.
    This indicates a clear violation of duty by the President of United States of America Mr. George W.Bush and also a clear case of violation of the International Code of Conduct for UNO members.
    Thus Mr. George W.Bush attracts prosecution for the above said offence.
    Thus I hereby pray this Hon’ble Court initiate criminal proceedings against Mr. George W. Bush, and give him maximum punishment for
    a) initiating the war against the IRAQ
    b) killing its innocent IRAQI peoples
    c) Killing troops of USA and allied forces and
    d) The present economic crises.
    e) 3 25 000 people wounded
    Dated on this day of 13th day of April, 2009.
    Yours truly, (M.S.MOHAMED ANSARI)
    COPY TO
    The Chief Justice, the International Court of Justice, The Hague, Netherlands.
    The Secretary General United Nations Organization
    The Chief Justice, the Supreme Court, IRAQ.
    His Excellency Mr.Barack Obama, the President of United States of America, White House, Washington D.C.

    http://costofwar.com/

    http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/war.casualties/index.html

    http://usparliament.org/globaleconomicsdivision.php

    http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL3647712A/World_Media_Association

    September 21, 2013 at 4:30 am | Reply
  11. m.s.mohamed ansari

    m.s.mohamed ansari
    RUSH SAVE GLOBAL ECONOMIC

    M.s.mohamed ansari

    All press and media Arabs leader and G20 leader ELECTRONIC VOTE ,,WHITE HOUSE ,HOUSE OF COMMAND,HOUSE OF LORD,BBC,MICROSOFT, under control by CONGRESS A TO Z CONTROL BY
    QUEEN ELEZABATH
    Royal wedding cost. 10 generation total $ 57 trillion
    Each every politician rolling 8 years only
    But queen family enjoying 10 generation

    GLOBAL ECONOMIC FALL REASON WAR. Improve economy Only peace and prayer

    I am also happy kill osma bin laden
    Turing point of global economy. Islam not allowed Terries Terries people not for Muslim
    1. Please avoid war. Day by day war cost increase $ 3.5 trillion
    2. Global economy in crisis
    3. International job less
    4. Global financial crisis financial crisis for every manufacture
    5. Every Day OPEC Oil Price Increase
    6. World poverty problem
    7. Each every single man effected
    8. Ignore future death million of already death
    9. Million of people wounded
    10. Global environment climate will be change this will lead global agriculture problem

    JUSTICE IS IN PERIL. SAVIOUR OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE ALONE CAN PROTECT HUMANITY
    From. Mr.M.S.Mohamed Ansari,
    154, Angappa Naicken Street,
    Chennai – 600 001.
    Tamil Nadu,
    INDIA..

    To , The Hon’ble Chief Justice,
    The Supreme Court,
    United States of America,
    Washington, D.C.
    Fax no: 213.547.8080

    Dear Sir,
    Sub: Prosecution of previous President Mr. George W.Bush, for violation of International Code of Conduct.
    Mr. George W.Bush, the previous President of United States of America, initiated a war against IRAQ, without obtaining the previous sanction of United Nations Organization (UNO) on the pretext of having nuclear weapons, even though the then IRAQ government openly exhibited to the whole world that it has no nuclear weapons.
    According to the CNN WORLD report, in the war 6, 75,000 civilians killed, 7500 troops of USA and its allied forces killed 3 25 000 people wounded and $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar spent for the war. This spending of $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar is the main cause of action for the present economic crises prevailing all over the world.
    After winning the war against IRAQ, the United States of America’s President Mr. George W.Bush, also admitted the same fact, and he openly stated that the Intelligence agency misguided him.
    Later on, even the United Nations Organization (UNO) also certified that the IRAQ has no nuclear weapons.
    Then it is the bounded duty of the United States of America and its allied forces to withdraw from IRAQ.
    But instead of withdrawing from IRAQ, the United States of America and its allied forces formed a government in IRAQ, under their control and administered the entire IRAQ, and its peoples.
    This indicates a clear violation of duty by the President of United States of America Mr. George W.Bush and also a clear case of violation of the International Code of Conduct for UNO members.
    Thus Mr. George W.Bush attracts prosecution for the above said offence.
    Thus I hereby pray this Hon’ble Court initiate criminal proceedings against Mr. George W. Bush, and give him maximum punishment for
    a) initiating the war against the IRAQ
    b) killing its innocent IRAQI peoples
    c) Killing troops of USA and allied forces and
    d) The present economic crises.
    e) 3 25 000 people wounded
    Dated on this day of 13th day of April, 2009.
    Yours truly, (M.S.MOHAMED ANSARI)
    COPY TO
    The Chief Justice, the International Court of Justice, The Hague, Netherlands.
    The Secretary General United Nations Organization
    The Chief Justice, the Supreme Court, IRAQ.
    His Excellency Mr.Barack Obama, the President of United States of America, White House, Washington D.C.

    http://costofwar.com/

    http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/war.casualties/index.html

    http://usparliament.org/globaleconomicsdivision.php

    http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL3647712A/World_Media_Association

    September 21, 2013 at 4:30 am | Reply

    October 2, 2013 at 12:00 am | Reply
  12. m.s.mohamed ansari

    GLOBAL ECONOMIC COL LOPS ILLEGAL WAR . WAR COST $ 3.5 TRILLION PLEASE SAVE GLOBAL ECONOMIC

    M.s.mohamed ansari

    All press and media Arabs leader and G20 leader under control by A TO Z + 8
    QUEEN + 8
    Royal wedding cost. 10 generation total $ 57 trillion
    Each every politician rolling 8 years only
    But queen family enjoying 10 generation
    HUMAN SAY EACH EVERY ONE EQUAL RIGHT .Y. VARIOUS DIFFERENT CURRENCY 2 .FREED BIRD VISA 3. DIFFERENT LAW
    GLOBAL ECONOMIC FALL REASON WAR. Improve economy Only peace and prayer

    I am also happy kill osma bin laden
    Turing point of global economy. Islam not allowed Terries Terries people not for Muslim
    1. Please avoid war. Day by day war cost increase $ 3.5 trillion
    2. Global economy in crisis .EFFECTED GLOBAL EVERY ONE TAX PAYER
    3. International job less.MANY PEOPLE SUICIDE
    4. Global financial crisis financial crisis for every manufacture .EFFECTED EDUCATION
    5. Every Day OPEC Oil Price Increase
    6. World poverty problem
    7. Each every single man effected
    8. Ignore future death million of already death
    9. Million of people wounded
    10. Global environment climate will be change this will lead global agriculture problem

    JUSTICE IS IN PERIL. SAVIOUR OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE ALONE CAN PROTECT HUMANITY
    From. Mr.M.S.Mohamed Ansari,
    154, Angappa Naicken Street,
    Chennai – 600 001.
    Tamil Nadu,
    INDIA..

    To , The Hon’ble Chief Justice,
    The Supreme Court,
    United States of America,
    Washington, D.C.
    Fax no: 213.547.8080

    Dear Sir,
    Sub: Prosecution of previous President Mr. George W.Bush, for violation of International Code of Conduct.
    Mr. George W.Bush, the previous President of United States of America, initiated a war against IRAQ, without obtaining the previous sanction of United Nations Organization (UNO) on the pretext of having nuclear weapons, even though the then IRAQ government openly exhibited to the whole world that it has no nuclear weapons.
    According to the CNN WORLD report, in the war 6, 75,000 civilians killed, 7500 troops of USA and its allied forces killed 3 25 000 people wounded and $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar spent for the war. This spending of $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar is the main cause of action for the present economic crises prevailing all over the world.
    After winning the war against IRAQ, the United States of America’s President Mr. George W.Bush, also admitted the same fact, and he openly stated that the Intelligence agency misguided him.
    Later on, even the United Nations Organization (UNO) also certified that the IRAQ has no nuclear weapons.
    Then it is the bounded duty of the United States of America and its allied forces to withdraw from IRAQ.
    But instead of withdrawing from IRAQ, the United States of America and its allied forces formed a government in IRAQ, under their control and administered the entire IRAQ, and its peoples.
    This indicates a clear violation of duty by the President of United States of America Mr. George W.Bush and also a clear case of violation of the International Code of Conduct for UNO members.
    Thus Mr. George W.Bush attracts prosecution for the above said offence.
    Thus I hereby pray this Hon’ble Court initiate criminal proceedings against Mr. George W. Bush, and give him maximum punishment for
    a) initiating the war against the IRAQ
    b) killing its innocent IRAQI peoples
    c) Killing troops of USA and allied forces and
    d) The present economic crises.
    e) 3 25 000 people wounded
    Dated on this day of 13th day of April, 2009.
    Yours truly, (M.S.MOHAMED ANSARI)
    COPY TO
    The Chief Justice, the International Court of Justice, The Hague, Netherlands.
    The Secretary General United Nations Organization
    The Chief Justice, the Supreme Court, IRAQ.
    His Excellency Mr.Barack Obama, the President of United States of America, White House, Washington D.C.

    http://costofwar.com/

    http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/war.casualties/index.html

    http://usparliament.org/globaleconomicsdivision.php

    http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL3647712A/World_Media_Association

    COPY to global media and press international human right 1 million people

    m.s.mohamed ansari
    m.s.mohamed ansari
    RUSH SAVE GLOBAL ECONOMIC

    M.s.mohamed ansari

    All press and media Arabs leader and G20 leader ELECTRONIC VOTE ,,WHITE HOUSE ,HOUSE OF COMMAND,HOUSE OF LORD,BBC,MICROSOFT, under control by CONGRESS A TO Z CONTROL BY
    QUEEN ELIZABETH
    Royal wedding cost. 10 generation total $ 57 trillion
    Each every politician rolling 8 years only
    But queen family enjoying 10 generation

    GLOBAL ECONOMIC FALL REASON WAR. Improve economy Only peace and prayer

    I am also happy kill osma bin laden
    Turing point of global economy. Islam not allowed Terries Terries people not for Muslim
    1. Please avoid war. Day by day war cost increase $ 3.5 trillion
    2. Global economy in crisis
    3. International job less
    4. Global financial crisis financial crisis for every manufacture
    5. Every Day OPEC Oil Price Increase
    6. World poverty problem
    7. Each every single man effected
    8. Ignore future death million of already death NATO us allied force coalition troops 8000 death
    9. Million of people wounded us aleed force 60000
    10. Global environment climate will be change this will lead global agriculture problem

    October 3, 2013 at 3:37 am | Reply
  13. m.s.mohamed ansari

    ECONOMIC COLLAPSE REASON ILLEGAL WAR .PLEASE SAVE GLOBAL ECONOMICS

    GLOBAL CONTROL OVER BY QUEEN ELIZABATH
    ROYAL BUDGET COST EVERY YEAR $,1.7.TRILLION

    HOUSE OF COMMAND
    FREE MASON.
    CONGRESS ,BBC

    ELECTRONICAL
    VOTE
    Electronic vote RESULT IS GONE DESIGNING WORLD
    HEADQUARTERS
    OF ALL
    ASSOCIATION

    PRESS
    MEDIA G20
    LEADER
    & RED CROSS
    UN
    IMF EURO
    UNION.USA.UK.G8

    THE WHITE HOUSE ARAB
    LEADERS
    &
    POPE

    OPEC
    &
    NASA
    NATO
    GLOBAL ECONOMIC
    EFFECTED THIS
    Enjoying this
    UK.ROYAL
    USA
    UK.ARABS
    EURO
    UNION
    FREE
    MASON
    U.K – U.S & Eurounion
    • WAR cost total $ 3.5 TRILLION
    • POVERTY FAMINE &Effected education.
    • Jobless PRESENT ECONOMIC CRISIS
    • Effected All liberal democracy. Billion of people tax pays.
    • FDI INVESTOR &Joint ventured
    • Effected CNC manufacturer & energy power
    • BANKRUPT 170 BANK OVER ALL 87000 BRANCHES
    • Million of people death and is wounded. NATO &US. Coalition troops 8000 wound 35000
    • Increase every day by day OPEC.
    • Global environment climate change this leads to agricultural &human health problem
    JUSTICE IS IN PERIL .SAVIOUR OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE ALONE CAN PROTECT HUMANITY
    Kindly please open the link which is below M.S.MOHAMED ANSARI

    http://costofwar.com/

    http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/war.casualties/index.html

    http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL3647712A/World_Media_Association

    Economic save only 6 point. Peace, prayer, liberty, unity, friendly, and simplicity.

    I am ARABIC TAMIL ENGLISH ROMAN a historic, science, numerology and political analyzer
    For eg: DISCIPLINE + 100, duplicate, CONGRESS +100, WORLDBANK+100
    HISTORY+114, UNITED KING +114, MDCCLXXVI +114
    INTELLIGENCE +115, US SPEAKER (JOHN BOEHNER) +115
    MASTERMIND +116, MICROSOFT +118, SCIENTIST+118
    What I say each every one with number now science, political always with numerology how to follow
    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
    ONE +7, TWO, +4 THREE +2 , FOUR +6 , FIVE +6 , SIX+7 , SEVEN+2 , EIGHT+4, NINE+6 ZERO+1
    SO 1,2,3 NOT YET COME THESE LETTER A B C D J K L M P Q Y +114
    Please I promise to say don’t follow these for your personal life .only follow these humanity and sociality.
    I am already followed these we take six point
    1. Peace 2.prayer 3.liberty 4.unity 5. Friendly 6. Simplicity. These are the global economic

    Indeed, to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth; billion of universe; He gives life and causes death. And you have not besides ALLAA any protector or any helper. ALLAA AKBAR. Quran 9/116

    And say, "Truth has come, and falsehood has departed. Indeed is falsehood, [by nature], ever bound to depart." Quran 17/81.

    Every one come Easy way Islam. Take of bath properly please say.ALLAA AKBAR VA ASHATHU ANNAMOHAMMED ABDUHU VA RASOOL. Following. 6. 1, each everything only believe ALLAA next 2, A DAY 6time prayer. 3, RAMADAN Every year one month fasting 4, ZAKKATH. Every year one time Charity 6% 5, IKRAAM. Give an take policy 6, DAWA call Every body Islam.

    Every soul will taste death, and you will only be given your [full] compensation on the Day of Resurrection. So he who is drawn away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise has attained [his desire]. And what is the life of this world except the enjoyment of delusion.

    History say .All country, army,weapons and money are all in one roof to against attack innocent saddam hussein ? people want to justify w.bush or saddam hussein

    According to the CNN WORLD report, in the war 6, 75,000 civilians killed, 7500 troops of USA and its allied forces killed 3 25 000 people wounded and $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar spent for the war. This spending of $ 3.5 Trillion Dollar is the main cause of action for the present economic crises prevailing all over the world.
    After winning the war against IRAQ, the United States of America’s President Mr. George W.Bush, also admitted the same fact, and he openly stated that the Intelligence agency misguided him.
    Later on, even the United Nations Organization (UNO) also certified that the IRAQ has no nuclear weapons.
    Then it is the bounded duty of the United States of America and its allied forces to withdraw from IRAQ.

    M.S.MOHAMED ANSARI, OLD NO 154 ANGAPPANAICK STREET. CHENNAI 600001. INDIA

    COPY ALL MAJOR MEDIA PRESS AND ALL GOVT 1MILLION SOCIAL NETWORK ALL UNIVERSITY

    November 5, 2013 at 3:15 am | Reply
  14. william patrick

    Lets just say it sure the hell is not Obama.

    November 27, 2013 at 12:33 pm | Reply
  15. Unga Ramires

    David Lloyd George Him and his Glorious England had over 33 million km of land in thier control.....
    My personal Fav is Number 2...... Genghis Khan with just under englands Land mass in the 13th centry I belive.

    April 18, 2014 at 6:19 pm | Reply
  16. William Hall

    I would go with Roosevelt but more recent presidents such as George H.W. Bush; Gerge W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama are too recent to assess. We don't know all that future generations will know about their challenges and decisions. After all, Lincoln was convinced that he would not be reelected in 1864 and he feared the Confedracy would survive and the nation would remain divided.

    May 11, 2014 at 8:36 pm | Reply
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    July 10, 2014 at 11:06 am | Reply
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    July 10, 2014 at 11:09 am | Reply
  19. leon

    carter was quite underrated. Military actions had always been the preferred method for American. we always have that macho mentality. the good news is we are changing in that thinking

    July 29, 2014 at 5:36 pm | Reply
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