January 15th, 2013
09:51 PM ET

Will democracy be derailed in Pakistan?

By Hassan Abbas, Special to CNN

Editor’s note: Hassan Abbas is an academic and a senior advisor at the Asia Society. The views expressed are his own.

Pakistan is only months away from a first: a democratically elected government is slated to hand over power to another democratically elected government. Too bad few in Pakistan are in a celebratory mood.

The lack of excitement is due, in part, to a worsening economic situation and rampant corruption. Today, Pakistan’s Supreme Court ordered the arrest of Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf over fraud related to power plant deals. The previous day, Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri, a former elected parliamentarian and an important religious figure who just returned from Canada, led tens of thousands of people in a protest against political corruption in the capital of Islamabad.

Taking control of the reins of government after a long military rule is never easy. Often people expect quick results and don’t fully realize the damage done to both the polity and society by dictators. They dream of jobs, justice and security, but it takes decades to build foundations of systems that deliver such goals in a progressive fashion. That said, if the transition can happen without any extra constitutional step, elections expected between April to June this year could be an important move toward a more successful Pakistan.

Despite the rocky five-year reign of the current civilian government, there are signs – both symbolic and tangible – of hope. The country’s recent cricket victory against India on Indian grounds brought a reason for cheer to the faces of its distressed populace. Bilateral visa relaxations with India and better regional trade prospects deserve recognition and Western support, though a recent skirmish in the Kashmir zone was an unfortunate reminder of tensions.

Furthermore, Pakistan’s “negotiations” with the Taliban are continuing, and some progress is indeed being made in the so-called reconciliation efforts and on increased collaboration between Pakistan and Afghanistan. The invisible push from D.C. is finally working.

Still, at best, one can only be cautiously optimistic about an amicably reached final settlement that will bring peace to the region, especially Afghanistan. Manipulating and distorting Islam has become an art for the Taliban, and no one can confidently predict what new slogan will be employed by them after the projected 2014 U.S. exit. Even if the moderate elements among the Taliban are successfully co-opted, it is unlikely the Pakistani Taliban will lay down arms voluntarily and follow their “brothers in arms” across the Pushtun frontier.

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But a heartening story is emerging from the Hazara Shia community in Balochistan. The results of a brutal genocide of their religious community are still playing out, but their peaceful response created a new precedent in the history of nonviolent protests. The Hazara Shia refused to bury the 87 victims of the most recent terrorist attack in Quetta and camped in freezing conditions with the wrapped bodies for over three days demanding justice. Protesters included small children and women from the families of the victims, and their plight touched the hearts of Pakistanis around the country. Within just a few hours, thousands of people – rising above any ethnic or political affinities – came out in the streets across the country to show solidarity with these matchless campaigners. All this happened in the midst of the significant threat of terrorism to these processions. This surge of support forced the political leadership to move out of its slumber and dismiss the Balochistan government. A democratic remedy of this tragedy is no mean feat. The fact that the protesters remained peaceful is an even a brighter sign for the moral health of the society.

Everyday Pakistanis, however, still face troubling violence in their everyday lives due to a rising wave of criminal activity in Karachi and continued militancy in the Pak-Afghan tribal. Low investment in law enforcement and the rule of law, as well as failure to bring the tribal areas into the mainstream, has not helped security issues. No one in the corridors of power seems to be pushing for the education of the tens of millions of young Pakistanis who face unemployment and frustration. No wonder that Imran Khan, a rising political star, had earlier attracted mammoth crowds across the country challenging the status quo. The tens of thousands now camping on the streets of Islamabad as part of a “long march” under Tahir ul-Qadri, are also bracing against the cold, along with women and children, to vent their discontent. Qadri’s demands are too ambitious and beyond what the constitution permits, but his supporters’ desire to bring change appear genuine.

These public outpourings have also created fear about the derailment of the train of democracy. An activist judiciary and alarmed military are creating suspicion. That said, it is likely Pakistan will continue to inch towards national elections in the coming months and people will speak through their votes.

Ultimately, the effectiveness of governance models adopted by the state, and the quality of leadership, are the key to a stable future. Indeed, the teachings of Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the “patron saint” of Islam and a great Muslim leader of yesteryear, are relevant. He argued that the best preparation for becoming a leader is to be in “the service of mankind,” and he warned that, “abandoning equity and justice leads to tyranny and oppression.” In Pakistan, future leaders must be guided by such wisdom.

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Topics: Asia • Pakistan

soundoff (71 Responses)
  1. RedRant

    While its nice and all to call Pakistan a democracy, it really isn't one. It's an Islamic republic which as it name infers doesn't represent all who live in Pakistan but Muslims. Bigotry along religious lines is embedded in the foundation of the country and hence the problem. Its neighbor India isn't as mentioned by some as a failed democracy but rather a failed multiparty democracy. But in India where there is so much cultural diversity, there is no other choice.

    January 22, 2013 at 5:03 pm | Reply
  2. USAPeasant

    A bunch of political parties assassinating eachother is hardly a democracy. Pakistan is just derailed period.

    January 23, 2013 at 11:30 am | Reply
  3. pervez

    All of Pakistan's and Afghanistan's problems can be very EASILY resolved.. Place NEUTRON BOMBS in selected sites and BOOM. Problem solved. The world be be safer place. Before the explosion we need to remove all the good looking, HOT women who will be paired with REAL men. For Kashmir–simple solution. The Muslims in Kashmir are pro Pakis and should be encouraged to move to that country. The land should revert BACK TO INDIA. Problem solved. Pakistan has a great relationship with CHINA. When ever China says anything to Pakis, they unzip and remove their pants, BEND OVER and hand over a tube of KY JELLY to the Chinese. They say to the Chinese----PLEASE take it EASY as last time you were so rough. This is the reason that when ever you see a Paki they are always STUMBLING .
    Finally, Democracy does not belong in Islam and Islam does not belong on the planet. 90% of world problems today are the result of Islam.

    January 23, 2013 at 10:46 pm | Reply
  4. Raza Khan

    how can we in Pakistan celebrate a democratic government thats is formed only with the approval of US and now when we are at the tipping point and want actual change in our country US once again will meddle in our internal affairs and rig the elections to once again form a compromised govt. Change is all that imminent, but will US eliminate the representatives of change as they did before? Will they once again control the elections through backdoor channels? or will the pubic get united to beat their nefarious agenda by flocking the polling stations to elect the face of CHANGE?

    January 24, 2013 at 1:12 am | Reply
  5. Danial Farooq

    Pakistan’s corrupt and weak political government of president Zardari , who heads the ruling majority party of a coalition , nominated last Summer one of his cronies Pervaiz Ashraf , as the puppet prime minister . Ashraf infamously known in Pakistan as Raja Rental , as minister for Power in former cabinet of Zaradari , was allegedly involved in hundreds of million dollars of corruption . Asharaf did not stop there , as prime minister continues to be publicly accused of charges of additional corruptions , and appointing his friends and family members to high paying jobs in his government , including his son in law as Executive Director at the World Bank . Last Summer Zardari 's preferred candidate for prime minister was dropped , after a court issued a drug-trafficking arrest warrant " for the official considered to be the ruling party’s leading pick for the job ." That explains a lot about Zardari and his political party 's ruling elite , dominating bad governance in Pakistan for the last five years . Pakistan 's prime minster for four years , was also ousted last year by superior court , who was covering up corruption of president Zardari , and his Swiss bank accounts . The bad news here is that there would not be any regime change , and more of the same would continue in foreseeable future , even after next election due later this year . There would not be any relief or improvements in problems of wide spread poverty , worst economic turmoil , and security situation faced by about 200 million ordinary folks in Pakistan , in the aftermath of 9/11 War on terrorism for more than eleven years in neighboring Afghanistan .

    January 24, 2013 at 9:08 pm | Reply
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