January 23rd, 2013
08:36 PM ET

Fareed Zakaria on India, democracy and Pakistan

Fareed Zakaria speaks with the New York Times' India Ink:

How do you impose short-term pain for long-term gain?

This is the great challenge for the United States economy. There are things the United States has to do, whether it’s a cumbersome tax code or reform of entitlements in pension and health care. Instead, we privilege present consumption over investments for the long term.

India has a similar problem. It is hard to stop subsidizing power or giving people rice and instead divert those resources either towards putting your fiscal house in order or making long-term investments in infrastructure and education that will have huge payoffs 20 years down the road. America’s fundamental challenge is: ‘How does it do this?’

Read the full interview here

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Topics: India

soundoff (19 Responses)
  1. Joseph McCarthy

    The one thing you forgot to mention Fareed, is that the Indian government and the Maoists need to make peace and form a coalition to help end poverty and improve the justice system where rapists do get caught and punished!

    January 24, 2013 at 1:02 am | Reply
    • Quigley

      Well said, Joseph. You seem to be only one here with enough sense to realize that fact.

      January 24, 2013 at 1:17 pm | Reply
  2. Joseph McCarthy

    One thing Fareed forgot to mention that Pakistan's interpretation of democracy is to carry out genocide of minorities like Shias and Ahmadiyya.

    January 24, 2013 at 7:07 am | Reply
    • Kunal

      One more thing he forgot to mention Joseph that US govt need to get rid of its obsession with wars and American public need to educate themselves about the rest of the world better not making their opinion based on super hyped media reports but on actual ground realities.

      January 26, 2013 at 2:50 am | Reply
  3. Joy Bangla

    Folks, Experimental democracy is DOA (Dead On Arrival) in India. It is has never worked in large populated countries. Particularly those with mostly illiterate populace such as India. Too big to manage, minorities such as muslims, sikhs, christians get disenfranchised etc. India will need to go back to its socialist/communist roots. Maybe splitting it up into smaller pieces (circa USSR) is an alternate scenario. CIA is probably running some models to deal with the potential implosion.

    January 24, 2013 at 7:42 am | Reply
    • Quigley

      The C.I.A. is one of the biggest problems India has, Joy. It has already done untold damage around the world!

      January 24, 2013 at 1:16 pm | Reply
  4. Chukwuemeka

    The difference between India and America is freedom. Americans are free to voice their opinion but this is missing in India were a caste system has been and would always be in existence. Therefore, no comparison should be made interns of solving problems.

    January 24, 2013 at 11:11 am | Reply
  5. RAJ

    Indian people did not fail India but cunning politicians with divisive mentality of self-interest and their inefficient way to act upon the fact iof any problems in timely manner did fail India and its real progress.

    January 24, 2013 at 1:30 pm | Reply
  6. Chulbul Khan

    Democracy will not work in Pakistan because we have an Islamic mandate to ensure proper justice using the Shariah.
    An eye for and eye may sound like its harsh but it works. Women's place is in the kitchen and to become a good mother who walks two steps behind her man. She does not need to work, that is the man's job. Pakistan must close down all night clubs and cinema houses as this is satanic activity and follow Islam's instructions as their guide.
    Pakistan must get ready for bringing judgement when Muslims will rule or all others Inshallah..

    January 24, 2013 at 1:30 pm | Reply
    • Kevbot

      And that is why Pakistan will continue to have even more social problems and caste/gender/religious discrimination as we currently see. All rhetoric aside, your ideas will at the very least deprive half your population from providing any economic or social progress to the country

      January 27, 2013 at 11:27 pm | Reply
    • CentralParkTarzan

      What was the last time you were judged by Sharia Law...A sheep in wolf's clothing...Go join your buddies ...intolerant Taliban!

      February 3, 2013 at 8:56 pm | Reply
  7. Nana Bowman

    There've been a foundamental issue in India since the beginning of ancient civilization several thousand years ago. The issue is the caste system roughly consisting of priests, knights, commoners and untouchables. Caste members can be tortured or killed if are found in wrong territories. Communists also classify people into different groups for controlling purposes. Chinese communists commited unimaginable damages to another ancient civilization with death for millions of people before and during Cultural Revolution.

    January 24, 2013 at 3:38 pm | Reply
  8. j. von hettlingen

    Fareed, you said "much of the oppression.. in India comes from society and not the state. In India the oppression ..is social oppression, because of caste or religion or ethnicity, and most acutely in terms of gender".
    India is the world's largest democracy. It's the state's duty to provide for protection, social justice and equality! It looks as if, India is just a country of rule of law on paper, but a state of social darwinism in reality.

    January 24, 2013 at 6:12 pm | Reply
  9. 100 % ETHIO

    ....some bloggers' are more informants than paid Journalists.
    But, Doctor Zakaria is still the best Journalist and analyst.

    January 27, 2013 at 8:29 pm | Reply
  10. Muin

    Pakistan, India and bangladesh are still stuck in the past. They should freely trade with each other and work freely, settle in each other's country without any visa. They have nothing to gain from fighting with each other.

    January 29, 2013 at 2:03 am | Reply
    • Catherine Woods

      Well said Muin! Unity and trade will alone solve most of South Asia's problems. Hope policy makers there have that sense!

      February 7, 2013 at 1:30 am | Reply
  11. Zafar

    Democracy has been given a chance for only a few years. On the other hand army dictatorships have been for decades without any interference. What is the excuse of all the wars, defeats, surrenders and humiliations during army dictatorships? How can a controlled by army democracy starts running before it can even walk? The difference between democracy and dictatorship is “we can change the Govt in democracy in 5 years, while there is no hope for a change in dictatorship”. Elections are a filtration process and a couple of consecutive elections would screen out the bad actors and the Govt can only improve. While from one dictator Ayub to the other Yehya the country broke and it was from bad to worse. One can blame PPP for everything but cowardice when it comes to taking a principled stand. The opponents of PPP cannot understand why do the poor masses elect PPP? They vote PPP into power because the PPP did not run away even after giving so many lives. It is about time that the elected govt stand up to the generals and fire them right away.

    February 9, 2013 at 8:44 am | Reply
  12. What Young India Wants

    India is the democratic Country.we follows the democratic government while the Pakistan not follows dal.

    July 11, 2013 at 1:51 am | Reply
  13. Mike

    GOD BLESS INDIA, FROM USA

    July 11, 2013 at 6:53 pm | Reply

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