By Mustafa Qadri, Special to CNN
Editor’s note: Mustafa Qadri is Amnesty International’s Pakistan researcher. The views expressed are his own.
It was a sunny October afternoon last year when Mamana Bibi was blown to pieces before her grandchildren’s very eyes. The family matriarch, Mamana Bibi was picking vegetables in the family fields in northwestern Pakistan when a remotely piloted aircraft – or “drone” – used by the United States fired a missile directly toward her, killing Mamana instantly. A second volley of missiles was fired a few minutes later, injuring some of the children who ventured out to where their grandmother had been struck.
Almost a year to the day, the Bibi family’s lives have been torn apart. In a number of in-depth interviews over the last eight months, the family recounted to me how they sold ancestral lands to pay for their injured relatives’ steep medical bills. Mamana’s grief-stricken elderly husband, a respected retired local headmaster, rarely leaves the house. Their grandchildren, including 8-year-old Nabeela, now live in constant fear of the drones, which seem ever present in the skies.
And yet, no one from the U.S. government has even acknowledged the killing, let alone explained why it occurred, apologized or given the family justice or compensation.
The United States claims that its drone strikes are extremely accurate, based on vetted intelligence and that the vast majority of those killed have been linked to al Qaeda and its allies. Yet the world has to take this on faith, since the U.S. administration refuses to disclose key facts, such as details of who is targeted and on what basis. While the Taliban, al Qaeda and other armed groups operate in northwestern Pakistan, it is impossible to fathom how a woman in her 60s surrounded by her grandchildren could be mistaken for a fighter.
More from GPS: Drones worry Europe more than spying
The U.S. drone program has quickly turned into a defining human rights issue for our era. On Tuesday, Amnesty International launched “Will I be next?”: a major report on drone strikes in Pakistan. It is one of the most comprehensive studies ever conducted on this topic from a human rights perspective, based on painstaking research in a dangerous, complex and highly politicized environment.
Amnesty International examined the reported 45 U.S. drone strikes in North Waziristan, the region in Pakistan’s northwestern tribal areas that has seen the most strikes, between January 2012 and August 2013. We conducted detailed field research into nine strikes through interviews with survivors, eyewitnesses, residents and officials, corroborated against satellite imagery, along with video, photographic and audio evidence obtained from strike locations.
Based on all this, it is evident that the drones offer a special kind of misery for people in the tribal areas who live in constant fear of death from the skies. As one local told me: “the fear of drone attacks always exist in the mind of the local people. How can we know that a drone missile may not hit our houses? It can hit anywhere.”
Our research raises serious concerns that the United States may be carrying out unlawful killings in Pakistan, and there is an argument to be made that the attacks could even amount to war crimes or extrajudicial executions. Our report therefore calls for the United States to open up the secretive drone program to public scrutiny and to ensure independent and impartial investigations into strikes that may constitute unlawful killings.
More from CNN: New view of drone death toll
The reality is that the United States still carries out its so-called targeted killings program in near total secrecy. Successive promises by President Barack Obama and other senior U.S. officials to increase transparency have effectively amounted to a “trust us” approach while the administration continues to withhold basic facts about drone killings and their lawfulness.
North Waziristan and the rest of the tribal areas are neglected and under-developed, and their residents do not enjoy the same human rights protections as the rest of Pakistan. Abuses by the Pakistani military and insurgent groups like the Taliban and al Qaeda are common.
What struck me during our research for this report was the frequency and range of violence endured by people there. Just a few months before I interviewed Mamana Bibi’s family, for example, they were forced to flee their home because the Pakistani military indiscriminately shelled their village in response to a suspected Taliban attack on a nearby checkpoint. Others I interviewed reported receiving threats from unknown men shortly afterwards, possibly by local intelligence services, or fighter groups who have killed dozens of people they suspect of spying for the United States or Pakistan.
While the Pakistani government publicly opposes the U.S. drone program, Amnesty International is concerned that some officials and institutions in Pakistan and in other countries including Australia, Germany and the United Kingdom are assisting the United States to carry out drone strikes that constitute human rights violations.
But the United States and countries assisting its drone program cannot continue to shirk their responsibilities under international law. The secrecy has to end – the facts and legal basis for drone strikes has to be made public, including what rules are in place to protect civilians. And there must be thorough, independent, impartial investigations into all drone strikes that may have resulted in unlawful killings, with those responsible for such killings brought to justice in fair trials. Security concerns – real or perceived – must not be addressed by trampling on the rights of people living in Pakistan.
Earlier this year, President Barack Obama stated in a much-watched speech that decisions made by U.S. government now “will define the type of nation – and world – that we leave to our children.” It’s time for some accountability for these lofty words.
Very good point @ RZ. And Mexico is the country that this nation should be most worried about doncha think? There is a missing stat though. Total reported killed by drugs from Mexico, however i don't have that figure at the moment either.
OK, So put a US flag on the drones so it's no longer a secret. Continue the mission. I think I saw someone move, zoom in!
Honestly, it's obvious that we could not make enough missiles and drones to take out all the "terrorists" bush created, so to be honest,, the only reason to continue the program is to antagonize our Pakistani "allies" and to use their territory (which would be US territory if it were up to me) as a live fire training range for our military. Some of those drone strikes are actually stealth aircraft, but keep that between us.
Posted like an ignorant, hateful, war loving Tea Partier. Are you one, bob?
Everyone knows drones exist.
Hard to believe C N N would advocate a return to lower tech bombing strategies that would certainly kill more civillians! Low tech bombing killed thousands in Iraq and Kuwait not to mention Viet Nam. Think of the civillians that would have been saved had the US been able to patrol the Ho Chi Minh trail with drones rather than massive B52 strikes? and C N N wants to return to that sensless slaughter of civillians?
Actually B52's can be armed with smart bombs that can be just as precise as the drones, the B52 strikes on Iraq where drop and forget and not precision based weaponry.
Drones will continue to be used in imaginary countries like 'Pakistan' to combat terrorists. That is a fact and it is acceptable to the civilized world, just saying. Additionally, I do not doubt that the use of drone technology is onerous to terrorists, such as Pakistan. I say this knowing that there are good people in and from Pakistan, but the fact is that lunatics are in control of the "country". If the topic is US drones (as opposed to Chinese or Iranian, etc) this can easily be resolved. Stop harboring terrorists. Stop paying the Taliban and al Qaeda to create havoc in Afghanistan. Stop aggrevating the entire world with your childish and stupefyingly ignorant behavior and watch how the drones, the embargos and the diplomatic tensions just evaporate. Wake up Pakistan!
"Every drone attack in Yemen creates 40-60 new enemies" former US official. Way to go.
And exactly what are these drones attacks Afghanistan & Pakistan achieving in this longest running 'war' in our history? We kill a couple of 'suspected' militants and scores of civilians. More angst and anger on the ground turning off the general population. Is that suppose to work?
Quite true, saywhat. This is the reason that we've become the most hated country in the world. Besides, those cursed drone strikes make all of us Americans look very bad in the eyes of everyone in the world, not only the Muslims either. These strikes sorely need to stop!
we dont have to look good in the eyes of everyone else, as long as nobody wants to poke the bear with a stick so to speak, we are a global dominating world power, who wants to mess with the U.S except for the N. Koreans.
Good posting, Greg and saywhat. I couldn't agree more! It's good to see some enlightened people posting here instead of these ignorant drone touting warmongers who can't think their way out of a wet paper bag!!!!!!!
Touche` @ saywhat my dear friend. And good to see you posting here! This blog seems to have more rational bloggers than TJI. And certainly more current topics.
I am FULLY AGAINST THE DRONES A BAD IDEA US AMERICANS WOULDN'T LIKE THE DRONES COMING AND SHOOTING US IT IS NOT A GOOD IDEA AND PEOPLE HELP ME END THEM!!
You live in the U.S they are on YOUR side, they remove skum on the planet that would easily drop bombs on YOU if they could. Think and research before you say something stupid in all caps.
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