What's behind Thai protests?
January 14th, 2014
11:48 AM ET

What's behind Thai protests?

GPS speaks with Duncan McCargo, a professor of Southeast Asian politics at the University of Leeds in the UK and author of 'Tearing Apart the Land,' about the ongoing protests in Thailand, what the demonstrators are hoping to achieve, and whether the military is likely to intervene.

Anti-government protesters in Thailand have launched a campaign to “shut down” Bangkok. What are they so unhappy about, and what are they trying to achieve with this latest demonstration?

The protesters are unhappy about the political direction which Thailand has taken for more than a decade. In the past, Thailand was run by a relatively small Bangkok-based elite which I term “network monarchy,” centering on the palace, the military, the bureaucracy and major business groups. While electoral politics have been the norm for more than 30 years, elected governments needed the blessing of this network in order to remain in office. Without this endorsement, governments quickly collapsed – or were removed by military coups. Conservative groups in Thai society, including the Bangkok middle classes and voters in the upper South – stronghold of the Democrat Party – have normally backed the ruling network.

Since the 2001 general election, however, most Thai voters have consistently supported parties linked to former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. Pro-Thaksin parties with strong backing in the populous North and Northeast won solid majorities in the 2001, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2011 general elections.  The Democrat Party squeaked a narrow election victory in 1992, but has not won convincingly since 1986. Protestors are furious that Bangkokians no longer have veto power over election results; indeed, they feel they are no longer in control of “their” country. They claim that Thailand has been held hostage to the corrupt financial interests of Thaksin, his family and his cronies. The real picture is much more complicated. Voters in the North and Northeast are no longer poor farmers, content to be marginalized and patronized by their “betters” in Bangkok. Thaksin has not created the wave of electoral resentment against the Democrats and the power of the capital city. He has simply tapped into that resentment for his own ends.

The protestors appear to have no clear political agenda other than a desire to “return” Thailand to an imagined pre-Thaksin era in which the ruling network and its supporters can still call the shots, and provincial voters can be marginalized. In the short term, they are trying to provoke a military coup of some kind.

There was a lot of skepticism when Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra took office in August 2011, with many expressing concern that her election would simply enable Thaksin, her self-exiled elder brother, to exercise influence through the back door. Have these concerns been borne out?

There’s no doubt that Thaksin has remained an influential figure, working through and behind the Yingluck government. But Yingluck hasn’t been Thaksin’s “clone,” as he originally hoped, and there has been ample evidence that she was often able to set her own agenda and to form her own political alliances. In particular, it’s clear that her government couldn’t have lasted nearly 30 months without receiving an informal green light from the traditional establishment. An elite deal was in place between Yingluck, the network and the military to paper over Thailand’s political divides and allow for “business as usual.” This deal partly collapsed as a result of the abortive move to push through amnesty legislation in late 2013 – where Thaksin clearly overplayed his hand – and partly because the Democrat Party and anti-Thaksin forces set out systematically to sabotage the pact.

How can and should Yingluck’s government respond to these protests? What do you see unfolding in the coming weeks?

All Yingluck can do is continue the current policy of being very reasonable and diplomatic, not unnecessarily escalating matters, but pressing firmly ahead with plans for an election. It would be very useful if academics or other respected figures in Thai society could help to broker some sort of compromise solution to avert potential violence.

The military has played an active role in Thailand’s political past, including overthrowing Thaksin’s government in 2006. Do you see it playing a significant role in the latest unrest?

The reluctance of the military to intervene directly in the present crisis has illustrated the residual strength of the longstanding deal which kept Yingluck in office. The military is well aware that a coup would only further exacerbate Thailand’s polarized politics, and that the Army would be blamed for whatever went wrong. Nevertheless, the protestors will try their best to push for such an intervention in the days and weeks ahead – since a military coup would be the best means for them to advance their agenda.

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Topics: Protests

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soundoff (64 Responses)
  1. My guess

    My guess is Thailanders.

    January 14, 2014 at 4:41 pm | Reply
  2. Timothy

    Very well written,, however I do think the protesters are united in a dislike of government corruption, which of course should be solved democratically

    January 14, 2014 at 10:06 pm | Reply
  3. Still

    Well published; reflect Thai situations and routes even some Thais are unable to think so.

    January 15, 2014 at 12:04 am | Reply
    • George Manont

      People, stay calm.

      The following letter is from the past but still valid as it explains what was going on in Thailand for the last 10 years or so.

      It helps explain the reason why of the recent coup d'etat. The angle that was NOT offer in any news.

      I wonder why ?

      Here it is ....

      Dear BBC,

      Thanks for showing what's going on in Thailand on TV news, and further to Noel Sutabutr's view on your TV presentation. I have some background of this protest to add to your knowledge ;

      Yingluck s. was elected by a Buy-out votes resulting in a gaining of majority of Thai people a couple of years back. She was then form a bunch of Thug-Sin S. ( her bigger brother ) clowns as ministers and deputies. Corruptions in Thailand was spread out like wild fire. Let me give you examples ;

      1. The rice scheme ; in order to help rice farmers as Yingluck proclaimed, she let the subsidies went at lost for more than 450,000 millions baht. in two years. There were cover-ups and the things are still going on.

      2. The Amnesty bill ; it was designed to pardon to her bigger brother's wrong-doings ; cheats, lies, corruptions, murders. The bill itself said it would go back up to 2004, that would cover the period of her brother's tax evasion of more than 46,000 million baht, her brother orders the killing of more than 2,000 people, the slaughter of Thai-Muslim residing in the mosque etc.

      3. The loan bill ; this would allow the government to borrow up to 2.2 million of millions baht ( yes, the million of baht 2.2 millions of time ) , while it stipulated that no-one has control over the spending of this fund, it is a blank cheque for the government to do anything as they please, while the loan would have the country tied to / be responsible for the next 50 years. Yes, next 50 years !

      4. The Bill that would allow the government to deal with other countries without the consent of the Thais. There is a deal going on between Yingluck's brother and Cambodia's prime minister on oil exploration that involved territory of the 2 countries.

      5. The senator selection bill ; this if passed, it would allow the majority of the next 100 years or more for Thailand to be controlled by Thug-Sin regime.

      I could list all the absurd bills that this Yingluck's government has come up with. The people can't + don't see it her way and protest.

      I hope our country could be without this type of politician. Yingluck was majority elected, BUT this does NOT mean she could do anything at her will ; corruption, killing, cheating etc.

      Thanks BBC for providing this space.

      November 3, 2013

      June 3, 2014 at 10:31 pm | Reply
  4. Steven

    Very 1-sided analysis.

    January 15, 2014 at 3:59 am | Reply
  5. Dan R

    Mostly seems pretty fair but I'm not sure about:

    "The reluctance of the military to intervene directly in the present crisis has illustrated the residual strength of the longstanding deal which kept Yingluck in office."

    Tthe current government has been good to the army and they have little to gain and (potentially) much to lose by allowing themselves to be seduced by Suthep's fluttering eyelids but I suspect their unwillingness to get involved in a coup is more to do with the second part the paragraph and the fact that they would undoubtedly very quickly meet organized and widespread resistance. I don't think it would be a repeat of the Ratchaprasong slaughter this time.

    And I think straightforward, raw class hate needs to be understood as a major motivator of many; spend a little time reading their Facebook groups and it's pretty clear what's getting them out on the streets, and it's not love of their fellow man, that's for sure.

    January 15, 2014 at 5:07 am | Reply
  6. ThaiThai

    Misinformed. As far as I know, Duncan has been dominated by Pro-Taksin academic group which is v. Powerful in Thai academic circle.

    January 15, 2014 at 5:12 am | Reply
    • Apple

      Show us some substantial evidence then, mate.

      Please do not publicly denounce people unless you can make your claim legitimate.

      January 15, 2014 at 6:37 am | Reply
    • Khon Krungthep

      Tirayuth Boonmee, former student activist who opposed the military in the 1970's, has now become the military's darling and suthep's follower. Tirayuth even suggested that Suthep should be seen as Thailand's version of Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King.

      January 16, 2014 at 12:23 am | Reply
  7. Eric

    >But Yingluck hasn’t been Thaksin’s “clone,” as he originally hoped, and there has been ample evidence that she was often >able to set her own agenda and to form her own political alliances.

    Whenever she attends the parliament meeting, that alone would actually make the news. She's never there for it and so appears largely uninvolved in any executive measures by her administration. The piece also failed to mention the populist nature of Shinawatras' popularity that other international media report about, which really is one of the few main reasons that the ongoing protestors are citing.

    January 15, 2014 at 5:16 am | Reply
    • Pui

      Maybe it's a good idea not to attend parliamentary meetings since the appointed judicial courts are trying to charge legislators for doing their jobs

      January 15, 2014 at 9:28 pm | Reply
    • Svein

      What is wrong with populism? In particular in a country like Thailand, where the distribution of wealth and benefits is so uneven.

      January 15, 2014 at 10:12 pm | Reply
  8. just passing by

    anyone who went against the protestant or think different are dominate by Taksin. No one could think different by themself nowadays...lmao

    January 15, 2014 at 5:30 am | Reply
  9. Hope

    Personally, The biggest reason in this situation is Democrat Party has failed election for 21 years and want to reform to win again, but their members and supporters do not respect majority vote.

    January 15, 2014 at 5:55 am | Reply
    • Pui

      That's why these protest have no real purpose other then attempting to overthrow an elected government by the opposition party that is backed by the Bangkok elites. How idiotic that they claim they are protesting against corruption when the top leaders of the protesters are all former Dem's and or correct Democrat officials, also the very top leader who is behind the protest is known to be the most corrupt government official in Thailand.

      January 15, 2014 at 9:33 pm | Reply
  10. Nunny

    Weasting my time reading this article. Give you 2 out of 10. You have missed the main point. Please do more homework, at least read Thai newspaper The Nation or Bangkok Post. My advise : A well written article with complete fact about Thaksin Regime.

    January 15, 2014 at 5:55 am | Reply
    • George Wood

      "Read the Bangkok Post" ????

      That paper is nothing but propaganda generated by the Bangkok elite that want everything to return to the 'good old days' when the peasants knew their place.

      January 15, 2014 at 6:43 am | Reply
    • Dan R

      Ha ha! The Bangkok Post and whatever insantiy LandDestroyer is boring everyone with these days? Thanks but no thanks. I prefer to stick to news for grown ups.

      January 15, 2014 at 8:04 pm | Reply
    • Hmmm

      Do homework, right?

      Say for yourself and check the stock exchange website.
      You'll see who the directors/ major shareholders of the POST are.

      Go on. It's going to take you like 10 seconds or something.
      But you'll then be enlightened, I assure you, as to why the contents you've read are just completely different from this article.

      Oh, and those who said Thaksin and Yingluck have bought the media or have control over major press,
      you should go check it out too.

      If you're not familiar with those lastnames. I suggest you do a quick Google search.
      You'll get much better idea.

      January 15, 2014 at 10:46 pm | Reply
  11. PT

    This prof need to do more literature review. He almost did it at start, but fail lastly.

    January 15, 2014 at 9:12 am | Reply
  12. j. von hettlingen

    The protesters play zero-sum game, which is only harmful to the country's economy and development. The tiny elite had never been able to garner enough votes at elections. Perhaps they should change their mind-set and reach out more to a broader public

    January 15, 2014 at 9:47 am | Reply
  13. Talew

    Huh??? So, those rallies against NSA should stop because we have an elected government? And you could wish Martin Luther King Jr. was not there so you could get a bus seat from a girl.

    January 15, 2014 at 11:17 am | Reply
    • Pui

      Not a very educated response, no one is against ppl protesting, everyone is against trying to overthrow an elected government. Civil rights was archived through the election process, as most racist officials was eventually voted out of office, and if ppl where truly outraged by the NSA, a simple election can solve it by electing officials who are against it... Wonderful how democracy works doesn't it, no one needs to go shut down Washington DC and call for a military coup against Obama... Lolz

      January 15, 2014 at 10:05 pm | Reply
  14. Timtam

    "Yingluck hasn’t been Thaksin’s “clone,” as he originally hoped, and there has been ample evidence that she was often able to set her own agenda and to form her own political alliances."
    There are clips showing some of UDD leaders or even some of ministers admitted he run the cabinet, of course not Yinluck. She always skipped the parliament meetings and never be able to answer any questions or interviews without a scripts and speaking it like a parrot. Also misinformed readers that this anti-goverment movement is actually gathering of people who have conscience and disagreed and not putting up with an all time corruption in the history of Thailand that has caused the nations to near bankruptcy with the scandalous rice scheme. This government have many verdicts on corruption charges and many cases are still on process including her brother has many verdicts on corruption charges and abuses his position and power during his term. Although Yingluck tried to claim herself as a democracy's protector and she came from election, this government lacks transparency. She (or rather her brother) tries to remove power balancing and checking process. What they have done are drastically opposed to democracy but run on 'majority dictatorship'. If you want to know why people come out so many against this government, look at what Marcos had done to Philippines. This is a wrangling between peasants and elites or the old and new power as many western media written. I wondered how many reporters or columnists writing about Thailand are actually writing it from being in the scene. If you actually walk among the protestors right now, you will see all walk of lives there. It seems they all written from one source and that source seems to be the same source of Thai free channels which have been controlled and regulated by this government. If you want to know the truth, you would rather tune in to Al Jazeera.

    January 15, 2014 at 1:24 pm | Reply
    • Pui

      Yes we all know the judicial courts, the EC and the NACC were all hand picked by the very same people who toppled Thaksin government, all their judgements are political motivated, and of course they are going to prosecute Thaksin and members of the PT party, that's why they were appointed to their position to do. Suthep was involved in one of the worse corruption scandals in Thailand, yet he has never been charged by the same appointed corruption commissioners who are currently going after over 200 PT party legislators for simply creating bills through the legislative process. Since the Dems and the power elites can't win power through the electoral process they have directed the judicial courts who where all appointed by them to go after the elected government. These elites have already shown they will use the court system to overthrow an elected government bc they staged a judicial coup of the government in 2008, installing the Dems and the unelected government of Abisit. Again, showing their colors by trying to impeach Yingluck for a legislative amendment, a same amendment Abisit in 2010 brought up himself when he was PM, but no such charges where ever brought against him?

      January 15, 2014 at 9:54 pm | Reply
  15. True Bangkokian

    "Protestors are furious that Bangkokians no longer have veto power over election results; indeed, they feel they are no longer in control of “their” country.They claim that Thailand has been held hostage to the corrupt financial interests of Thaksin, his family and his cronies." -Mr.McCargo's hypothesis is absurd. How is a professor of Southeast Asian politics, specializing in Thailand, like him, so naive and so ignorant of existing Thaksin's tyranny regime, that has been ruining Thailand for more than a decade??

    January 15, 2014 at 1:26 pm | Reply
    • Dan R

      Why is it that whenever the fascists feel themselves threatened by yet another article (in a very, very long list of them) which fails to fall into line behind them, they are unable to come up with a single justification for their whines and whinges. Look through these comments (and it's the same whenever someone writes a piece like this) and it's all you're-an-idiot, or you're-biased, or you-don't-know-what-you're-talking-about, or Thaksin-bought-you, or Thaksin-is-the-anti-Christ-and-this-is-the-end-of-days but there is never a single solitary scrap of evidence offered up in support? How mysterious.

      January 15, 2014 at 8:20 pm | Reply
      • True Bankokian

        Where have you been? There are plenty of evidences. Try google search " Thuksin guilty"

        January 16, 2014 at 11:04 pm |
    • Hmmm

      "so naive and so ignorant of existing Thaksin's tyranny regime"

      I can see why you identified yourself as a true Bangkokian now.

      January 15, 2014 at 10:31 pm | Reply
      • True Bankokian

        So, how would you identify yourself? Mr. Hmm??

        January 16, 2014 at 11:06 pm |
    • Thailand Farmer

      There is no bangkokian only thailandian. You think we farmer stupid? no go school but 10 year we vote Thaksin now we see who stupid. Thaksin eat money? But at least he share a bit with us! Old govermanet eat money and suck us dry no care about poor farmer. Thank you

      January 16, 2014 at 4:26 am | Reply
      • True Bankokian

        Apart from your own comment, my comment did not mention about Thai farmer at all. Perhaps, you replied to the wrong comment.

        January 16, 2014 at 11:22 pm |
  16. Jason

    Very good article providing the truth that is know to many about the situation in Thailand but rarely presented in the media. The pseudo middle class bangkokians and southern rubber farmers have been duped into doing the dirty work of a power hungry minority who believe it is their birth right to control Thailand for their own benefit. They are desperate to regain power before the ASEAN integration off thailand. If they where truly acting in the best interest of the people, they would win the elections hands down. The corruption allegations and calling the democratically elected government a "regime" are just part of the emotive propaganda machine designed to raise hatred and control minds of the ill informed. Unfortunately some of these people will be sacrificed when the "Elite" call in the Goons to stir violence and force the military into action.

    January 15, 2014 at 7:18 pm | Reply
  17. Danielee

    It is not easy for foreign to understand another country situation, expecially thai one. the following article is written by an english political analyst resident in Thailand for 45 years and gives the bases to understand the reasons of the protest. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/SEA-01-130114.html

    January 15, 2014 at 8:24 pm | Reply
  18. Barbara

    This article is misleading because it clearly favors Yingluck's side. The media is responsible for delivering unbiased news. To be fair, the journalist should include both sides of the story. No wonder why many Thai people believe that CNN has already been bought by Taksin.

    January 15, 2014 at 8:58 pm | Reply
  19. Pui

    Finally a very truthful article of what is truly going on in Thailand, this man knows what he is talking about, as most of anyone who knows anything about Thai politics know that all along the protest is just an attempt by the power elites to grab power. It's the absolute reason, all these other excuses from protest supporters are attempts to change the dialogue away from such truths...

    January 15, 2014 at 9:22 pm | Reply
  20. Jass

    Even I live northeastern of Thailand, ( I also voted for Thanksin few year ago)Nowadays I feel day in and day out sin and guilty because he bribed and promised us northern people and northeastern by policy. Even his sister Yingluck is useless, all her policy is not success. all the farmer still not receive money from mortgage rice scheme.
    I can say all media favor Yingluck side because (one of Phuethai party own media Tv3 and a lot of channel ). (Shinawatra, Damapong, Wongsawat surname are successor from Thaksin 's family) Now we feel betray. I feel all foreign media mislead the article and favor Yingluck.

    January 15, 2014 at 9:23 pm | Reply
  21. Charles

    So much of the above is just , badly researched and wrong. Having lived there and done business there for twenty years I know a lot of it is so wrong. Its naive. The biggest problem is the corruption, the nepotism, the murders, the lies, the manipulation and the fact they cat like thugs. For crying out loud the opposition leaders home...family home was bombed ! In the USA you guys called that terrorism but not when it is against political powers you are not backing. During Thaksin's power read....over 2000 people were killed...please read and learn.......you are all brainwashed and sadly deluded by media that is so biased...I am glad I am an adult with a working brain who finds out for myself and does not read comics

    January 15, 2014 at 9:29 pm | Reply
  22. A Thai

    To those expats who claimed to have been here in Thailand and know better than Ajaan Duncan.
    (you should know already what Ajaan is, right?)

    WHERE in Thailand do you live and HOW do you live?
    Do you read/ speak Thai? Have you traveled outside of Bangkok and not to Pattaya/ Hua Hin/ beaches down the south?

    Because if you do, you'd surely understand those hate speech the leaders of the mob use against those they consider 'lower' 'uneducated' 'rural' 'stupid' people of the North and Northeast.

    They even discussed how voting rights should be based on education background.
    Say, a vote for a bachelor, two for master, the list goes on.

    Just a few days, one of the leaders just told the whole world that they know all the politicians do corruptions.
    But they have LIMITS, indicating that the government has gone too far.

    Should I put this in simpler term,

    Government of your choice is NOT okay to cheat, MINE is fine.

    Just today when I got off the sky train, I heard they scream stuffs about firetrucks procurement by this government.
    If CORRUPTION is exactly what they truly mean to get rid of, then why did they NOT mention those firetrucks the government of their choice had bought for 6.6 billion Baht and still parked unused at various ports??

    Because it's NOT corruption they target, it's purely the government and their supporters.

    Last thing, the physician who led the mob mounted the stage and said out loud that if the current PM is pregnant, he'd drive an oxen-pulled carriage all the way from the south and help her with laboring, and then do a really good 'repair' job for her 'down there' to the point that her husband give a thumb up.

    Is THAT the sort of thing you wanted to hear?
    Is THAT the sort of topic the so-called elite and educated crowds would talk?
    How on the planet earth it has to do with CORRUPTION?

    January 15, 2014 at 10:09 pm | Reply
  23. Sidd

    I like your article many parts are true but not all. Thaksin is not a politician he is a cunning and dishornest business man. What ever he invested he wanted big return. He knew that if he invested his money in the North and Northeast he will have enough seat to win the election and control the parliament. If you ask the people in the villages why do you like Thaksin or his party most of them will say that our headman think he is a good man he has don't so many things for us. He used his popular policies to convince his followers. They hardly follow the news and if they do they only have one side of the story. Thaksin used his money to control government officers, police force, most army officers, and parliment.

    If you study on how Thaksin came in to power and how he ran our country in the past few years I am sure that you will not vote for him or his relatives to run your country.

    January 15, 2014 at 11:25 pm | Reply
    • Dan R

      "He used his popular policies to convince his followers"

      And how, exactly, do you think things normally work in a democracy, hmm?

      "Thaksin used his money to control government officers, police force, most army officers, and parliment. "

      It's such a shame that you people never even bother to attempt to justify these daft claims. Why is that, I wonder?

      January 16, 2014 at 2:11 am | Reply
      • Sidd

        Dan have you seen the links below? Keep your mind open.



        January 16, 2014 at 7:10 am |
      • Dan R

        "Dan have you seen the links below? Keep your mind open.


        Tony Cartalucci/Landdestroyer is a psychotic internet troll whose credibility is on a par with fellow nutcase Alex Jones – I'd rather eat my own head than read any more of his drivel.


        More rubbish. Here's an example – picked more-or-less at random from a whole warehouse of idiocy – of how awful that article is. "To put it in a foreign context, Thaksin's approach to rule, so alien to Thai cultural values..." His parties have achieved levels of electoral success which have never been seen before in Thailand. Again and again and again, Thaksin's parties have trounced the opposition. How can that be 'alien to Thai cultural values'? It can't be but you've found an article somewhere on the internet which happens to coincide with your own prejudices so it's automatically 'right'. Well, it's not. It's utter dross.

        January 16, 2014 at 7:45 pm |
  24. Sumalee Ma.

    What Professor Duncan McCargo comments is no longer the point of 2013-14 political uprising in Thailand. Please study Thai contemporary context before giving comment. Your comment is out-of-dated one-sidedly based.

    January 16, 2014 at 1:21 am | Reply
  25. nikki

    Please read WEB: PAUL HANDLEY THE K NEVER SMILE, Dr. David Streckfuss Lese Majeste Law in Thailand,- Andrew Macgregor Marshall, THE RICHEST KING IN THE WORLD,- ROBERT AMSTERDAMTHAILAND, BBC Thailand in red village December 2014, BBC Thailand BY MINITAU1 justice under fire, Democracy is the ENEMY to Democrat Party in Thailand and Washing post December 4, 2013 tensions in Thailand,PRACHATAI/ENGLISH.----------–**Thailand is DICTATORSHIP/Absolute Monarchy HIDING in the name of DEMOCRACY. This is the game Democrat party's protestors want to escalate the situation to look bad by ATTACKING everyone (even killed police) FOR Election & Democracy, so MILITARY will come out.. The MILITARY always side with Democrat Party's protestors BACK by powerful Invisible Dictator & Royal's advisors who CONTROL Thailand JOINING with Democrat Party, Military, judiciary, judge, court, human rights and etc. They all are using, helping, protecting, cover up each other. ------------ ** In sixty years OVER THROW Elected Government more than TWENTY times, EIGHTEEN MILITARY COUP and massacre over & over. They always successful whatever they want to do. They all are very corruption, brutal, LIES, killing, jail NO bail, Using FALSE accusation, FAKE evidence & witness to destroy opposition, Brainwashed & Control all major media around the world, Massive propaganda, very brutal, ANTI Democracy, Justice & election.

    January 16, 2014 at 2:18 am | Reply

    It is incredible to have read this article. SO UNTRUE.

    Please read below the email I sent to all the media written below, including CNN.


    Thailand Protest Today – Unbiased report request

    As being The News Presenter, unbiased stories should be upheld with honesty & integrity.


    Please kindly digest, research this link above & think if you would honor the fact that will always remain & spread this truth to the world.

    Hopefully, some of you will be the Hero & help saving our beloved country, Thailand.

    With love,


    Sent emails on 2/Jan/14 to :-
    BBC, New York Times, CNN, Reuters, AP, AFP

    Sent emails on 13/Jan/14 to :-
    Bloomberg, Sky News, Al Jazeera, The Telegraph,
    The Wall Street Journal

    January 16, 2014 at 2:35 am | Reply
  27. Choopong

    A good explanation on Thailand situations

    January 16, 2014 at 3:48 am | Reply
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