By F. Stephen Larrabee and Ian J. Brzezinski, Special to CNN
Editor’s note: F. Stephen Larrabee holds the Distinguished Chair in European Security, Emeritus, at the nonprofit, nonpartisan RAND Corporation and served on the National Security Council staff in the Carter administration. Ian Brzezinski is a resident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council and was Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for European and NATO Policy in the administration of George W. Bush. The views expressed are their own.
Just weeks before its scheduled September 4 summit in Wales, NATO is bogged down in bureaucratic wrangling and losing important momentum. Without firm intervention and leadership from the White House, the summit is unlikely to provide the far-reaching strategic vision and initiative that is badly needed in the face of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s attempt to destabilize Ukraine.
To its credit, the Obama administration has pressed its European Allies to do more to reverse the decline of their defense capabilities. Many of Washington’s proposals – including reanimating the goal that alliance members should spend two percent or more of GDP on defense, hold more assertive exercises, make command structure modifications and carry out more realistic contingency planning – are sensible and point the alliance in the right direction. But without a more forceful engagement from President Obama, many of them may never be implemented.
Moreover, there is a real danger that before the summit opens, Putin may succumb to strong nationalist pressures to send Russian regular forces into eastern Ukraine, presenting NATO with another fait accompli on top of its occupation of Crimea.
What impression will be given if, as Russia carves up Ukraine and adopts a more threatening posture to its other European neighbors, the alliance’s main response is continued fiddling with long-term institutional defense reforms?
Yet while time is running out, the summit can still be turned into an instrument for forging a strong response to President Putin’s attempt to destabilize eastern Ukraine and redraw the boundaries of Europe.
The Wales meeting's first priority should be to reassure Ukraine and other democracies along Russia’s border that the alliance supports the preservation of their independence and territorial integrity.
If Putin continues his proxy war and support for the separatists, the alliance should be prepared to provide Ukraine lethal military assistance, including anti-tank weapons and surface to air missiles, and to deploy intelligence platforms to improve the situational awareness of Ukrainian security forces and military trainers. The alliance should also resume military exercises with Ukraine to help train its armed forces. True, Ukraine has made gains against the rebels in recent days. But Ukraine’s military is not in a position to standup to more direct Russian aggression.
To reinvigorate the summit planning process and ensure its success, the president or a senior White House official (Vice President Joe Biden or National Security Advisor Susan Rice) should give a speech in early August outlining the president’s goals for the summit. It should highlight the steps the United States has taken to reinforce NATO's security in the midst of an increasingly aggressive Russia and call upon European allies to do their share in shoring up the alliance and Ukraine.
Such a speech should put on the table what the president considers to be the key deliverables for the Summit. But it should also give substance to the European Reassurance Initiative the president announced in early June. This important initiative promised to reinforce Central European members of NATO and to help East European partners strengthen their militaries, yet two months later no one knows what the initiative actually entails. As a result, it increasingly appears as an empty promise to Central and East Europeans
Finally, the president should invite key congressional leaders from the House of Representatives and the Senate from both parties to be part of his delegation to the NATO summit. Their participation would underscore bipartisan commitment to the alliance and help make them key stakeholders in programs and initiatives agreed upon in Wales.
Through these actions, the president can ensure that the Wales summit will underscore transatlantic resolve and capability in the face of Russian aggression and provide the strong, decisive U.S. leadership NATO needs in this time of crisis.
USA's puppet regime in #Ukraine continues to use banned phosphorous against civilians: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=10204684676385242
Well said, derss. I couldn't agree more!
The U.S. controls NATO lock, stock and barrel and therein lies the problem. There isn't one European leader today who has the guts to act on their own, the gutless wonders!
I love it!
My country, right.
I only have on thing to say to Putin: Putin — khuylo!
I have another, Ferhat. First, I'd say "zdrastia, drug moi " and then "kak spralivi vy ob Ykraynye"!
Get Out of NATO,
Before It's Too Late!
In response to an insane landfill of KremlinShiII propaganda, and flat-out unintelligible gibberish, CNN has unfortunately been shutting down, or not opening up in the first place, the comment-sections of Ukraine-oriented articles. This is a blow to freedom of speech.
What CNN publishes has nothing to do with freedom of speech.
You can say anything you want to say.
So can I. Either of us can write a book in the USA.
We used to have a little more freedom of speech. I think that anybody should be free to say almost anything. Freedom is infinitely more important than feelings.
It says I've already made a comment that in fact has failed to post. How does one work around this?
Is there a length-limit to posts here?
Rewrite it. Check for hidden naughty words, included but unnoticed.
I did, and cut it to a few sentences, and I know about the word-filter. It's as though the content were being checked. But I can make these useless comments.
Trying to talk about about con sti tu tional free dom of speech.
... as distinct from the ve nue for free speech comm ent sec tions pro vide.
Sorry to chop up words and sections. This is very strange. Can't post an articulate paragraph here for some reason.
Sorry, guy, it is not a Kremlin conspriracy.
The comments are closed on most stories about Ukraine, in most Western outlets, because of the embarrassingly large percentage of anti-US, anti-Obama, anti-media opinions and comments.
I am not a Kremlin shill, I am Tea-Party, Kansas. I have been to Ukraine, and to Russia. When you have been there, too,. you might have credibility.
I too have been to Russia and found the people there to be very cordial, James. Unfortunately, most Americans keep buying into the right-wing, anti-Russian propaganda spewed out by the right-wing news media!
Nobody said you were a Kremlin Shill. The Ukraine articles attracted the likes of 'William S.', a read-only bot-script persona that would post the same anti-U.S. message 15 times in a row, virtually unaltered.
@Joseph A distinction must be made between the Russian people, and the classic Soviet-era-style propaganda engine.
Freedom of speech.
Rarely have I concluded that my comment was rejected for content, and that was not in this forum.
I remember my being unable to post praise of wonderful President Reagan's vision for a USA missile defense system with capabilities similar to Israel's present system, and admiration for that president's concept of the foundation of peace for my nation.
CNN publishes many different viewpoints.
I apologize for the typo in your name, @ danR.
Can't understand why I can't write a brief paragraph on free sp eech. There are no trigger-words; nothing to hit the filter.
Rasmussen is a warmonger, and Poroshenko is a war criminal.
Ukraine shot down MH-017 and has killed 2000 civilians, according to the UN.
Well put, James.
Have you a reference for that claim about the U.N.'s 'according to'?
Fareed, you wanna check what's with CNN's filters/algorithm? Why are my several attempts, each one unique, at a paragraph on fr ee speech not posting? There are no banned words. Something's haywire.
The authors have forgotten that amid stagnating economy in Europe there's simply no room for defence budget. The will for a military build-up within NATO is there, but there's little money around. Putin knows his European adversaries well. But it will be a Pyrrhic victory for him, even if he gets what he wants.
If I were the Prime Minister of Great Britain j. von hettlingen, I'd pull that country out of NATO and quit taking orders from Washington D.C.
Then you would be a British patriot.
NATO has no reason to exist any longer. It is nothing more than a club of debatched Western European bullies regularly called upon to enforce the dictates of the American Empire. If NATO continues this then it should be attacked by the real forces of freedom who are opposed to the New World Order, which is being imposed by both parties and by the US dictator Barack Insane Obomber. Rasmussen is nothing but a Rasputin to the West. The people of Western Europe are for the most part not supporting the belligerent sanctions and military stance against Russia over the Ukraine issue. Only the Americans and the EU/NATO are supporting a fascistic government in Kiev, and the controlled media like CNN and Fox are propagating the lies. Mr. Fareed in his dogged support of Obama's regime is sounding more like Goebbels was to Hitler – a propaganda minister.
Quite true, BelarusGoose, quite true!
Yet another opinion piece that says the US should do something about Ukraine without telling us why. The Russians controlled Ukraine for the entire history of the US up until just over 20 years ago without any negative repercussions for the US. The folly of trying to bring Ukraine into the Western orbit without Russia coming along is ridiculous in the extreme. The West's relationship with states like Ukraine is inconsequential to the one we have with those like Russia. Unless and until you can get Russia to join the civilized world, trying to bring in states that Russia's leaders view as their personal property will cause nothing but problems for prizes that aren't worth the effort.
The Global Public Square is where you can make sense of the world every day with insights and explanations from CNN's Fareed Zakaria, leading journalists at CNN, and other international thinkers. Join GPS editor Jason Miks and get informed about global issues, exposed to unique stories, and engaged with diverse and original perspectives.
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Check out all of Fareed's Washington Post columns here:
Obama as a foreign policy president?
Why Snowden should stand trial in U.S.
Hillary Clinton's truly hard choice
China's trapped transition
Obama should rethink Syria strategy
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