September 10th, 2014
11:12 AM ET

Why sugar is worse than fat

Watch "Fareed Zakaria GPS," Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

Fareed speaks with CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Sanjay Gupta about recent research on the risks of high sugar consumption. Watch the video for the full interview.

For 20 years, people have been assuming that fat was the enemy because it produced cholesterol, which was blocking arteries. That's not quite right.

I could talk about this all day long, because I think it highlights some very important things in terms of how we sometimes misinterpret science, or at least exaggerate it.

It was in the late '70s – in fact, there was a Senate commission, Senator McGovern, who actually looked at this issue and found that people who had very high levels of cholesterol tended to die early of heart disease. And there was also other studies that showed if you ate a diet high in fat, it raised your cholesterol. But those were two different studies. And they got really, really linked, not only by the Senate, but also in the scientific community and then by everybody else.

And what happened over the last 30 years, it got codified. It became the way that we eat low fat in this country. And nothing changed. In fact, things got worse. Cardiovascular disease remains the biggest killer of men and women. Diabetes rates are higher than ever before. Childhood obesity. So it didn't work. And I think that's what sort of prompted all this analysis.

I think there's two issues here. One is that fat doesn't get a free pass here. There's still some problems with it. It still raises cholesterol levels. That is associated with heart disease. The problem is that what we replaced fat with was sugar. And sugar may be more problematic, in some ways, for someone who's worried about heart disease than fat.

More from CNN: Our fear of fat is melting

If I put a double cheeseburger here and a big sugary drink and I asked anybody, which of these two things is worse for your heart, even a child would probably say the cheeseburger. And almost always they would be wrong. It's the sugary drink that gets converted into that bad cholesterol in our body.

But as you said, the crucial thing to understand is, it's not that fat is good for you, it's that if you replace fat with sugar, it's worse for you?

That's right.

Why is sugar so bad? Is there a simple way to explain that scientifically?

Here's a simple way – it’s that humans weren't designed to eat this much sugar. We used to get sugar once a year when fruit fell from the trees. Even honey was protected by the bees. How much food could you really eat? I mean you can't…10 oranges, that's enough. Now, we eat 140 pounds, roughly, a year, on average. Our bodies simply didn’t evolve to be able to handle that.

So it hits the liver, the liver says I don't know what to do with all this sugar, so it starts to metabolize it in unusual ways and it gets turned into what are known as low density lipoprotein particles. And that's the worst kind of cholesterol.

And for the body, a slice of white bread and a packet of sugar are essentially indistinguishable. The body receives them as the same. White bread – those kind of carbohydrates, for the body, are sugar?

It gets turned into sugar just the same way, and maybe a little bit of a time delay so to speak. But you can trace the sugar, whether it be in that bread or a packet of sugar, and you can find those same particles in those cholesterol particles later on.

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Topics: GPS Show • Health

soundoff (487 Responses)
  1. casiiisears

    Gupta means well but doesn't truly understand the human genome or bodily processes. Along with cholesterol one needs inflammation to attach the cholesterol to artery walls that eventually clogs arteries causing death. Avoid cardiovascular disease but not eating a lot of acidic foods maintaining a 75% alkaline diet. ... the rights sugars and fats are not bad for you. Very little saturated fat and process sugar should be in the human body. Only certain natural foods are good for you. It depends on if the food has been modified in some way that no longer supports our DNA or not in our diet as we evolved becoming humans over the last 100,000 to 600,000 years. God designed a precise instrument during the Human Epoch. There has been no significant change in our DNA in the last 10,000 years and anything we ingest that did not exist during our evolution will be toxic to our genome. Do not eat processed foods especially any food genetically modified or grown by NPK fertilizers. NPK fertilzers means almost no nutrition except for potassium and a few other vitamins. Any excess sugar or fat can build up in the brain causing damage by age 40. Sugar destroys Hippocampal cells causing dementia and years later eventually death. In some causes the sugar just clumps up in the brain slowly choking off the neurons. However, the body has mechanisms for dealing with many fats from such as fish and sugar from fruits. An organic locally grown apple is good for you. An apple from nitrate fertilizer or sprayed with an insecticide will harm you. Grains are BAD for you! We did not eat grains 100,000 years ago! Grains are acidic and all acidic foods slowly cause disease. Grains cause molecular mimicry diseases such as auto-immune illnesses! While one eats the grain and while the body is attacking the grains to break them down, your body also mistakes certain cells in your body that have a partial amino acid profile as the grains. Cow's milk will irreversibly destroy a human by age 50. Our body makes an enzyme that breaks down the milk sugars and this same enzyme attacks the beta cells in your pancreas. Eventually your own bodily processes kills you! Never eat meat grown from grains! Never eat farmed raised fish! Because of the depletion of nutrients in our soils, one cannot remain healthy without ingesting supplements of vitamins such as multiple forms of C, E, selenomethione and Co Q 10 along with many other antioxidants especially certain herbs! Avoid all toxins including bleach, automobile fluids and ALL INDUSTRY fumes!!!

    September 10, 2014 at 11:21 pm | Reply
    • bambibones

      Wow. The enzyme lactase, which breaks down lactose (milk sugar) attacks the beta islet cells (which produce insulin) in the pancreas?

      That's a novel idea.

      You realize that virtually all enzymes are specific for only one substrate (in this case lactose). I think you are confusing enzymes (which are proteins) and cells from the immune system – which is wild.

      September 11, 2014 at 3:27 pm | Reply
  2. casiiisears

    Gupta means well but doesn't truly understand the human genome or bodily processes. Along with cholesterol one needs inflammation to attach the cholesterol to artery walls that eventually clogs arteries causing death. Avoid cardiovascular disease but not eating a lot of acidic foods maintaining a 75% alkaline diet. ... the rights sugars and fats are not bad for you. Very little saturated fat and process sugar should be in the human body. Only certain natural foods are good for you. It depends on if the food has been modified in some way that no longer supports our DNA or not in our diet as we evolved becoming humans over the last 100,000 to 600,000 years. God designed a precise instrument during the Human Epoch. There has been no significant change in our DNA in the last 10,000 years and anything we ingest that did not exist during our evolution will be toxic to our genome. Do not eat processed foods especially any food genetically modified or grown by NPK fertilizers. NPK fertilzers means almost no nutrition except for potassium and a few other vitamins. Any excess sugar or fat can build up in the brain causing damage by age 40. Sugar destroys Hippocampal cells causing dementia and years later eventually death. In some causes the sugar just clumps up in the brain slowly choking off the neurons. However, the body has mechanisms for dealing with many fats from such as fish and sugar from fruits. An organic locally grown apple is good for you. An apple from nitrate fertilizer or sprayed with an insecticide will harm you. Grains are BAD for you! We did not eat grains 100,000 years ago! Grains are acidic and all acidic foods slowly cause disease. Grains cause molecular mimicry diseases such as auto-immune illnesses! While one eats the grain and while the body is attacking the grains to break them down, your body also mistakes certain cells in your body that have a partial amino acid profile as the grains. Cow's milk will irreversibly destroy a human by age 50. Our body makes an enzyme that breaks down the milk sugars and this same enzyme attacks the beta cells in your pancreas. Eventually your own bodily processes kills you! One only has so many beta cells! They die out after processing so much sugar to be used as fuel or being stored as fuel. These cells do not regenerate. So eating to much everyday is a bad thing because as you wipe out your beta cells or damage them over decades you are not able to produce fuel as before and eventually not at all. With out beta cells your sugar levels rise and you eventually die from no fuel. Never eat meat grown from grains! Never eat farmed raised fish! Because of the depletion of nutrients in our soils, one cannot remain healthy without ingesting supplements of vitamins such as multiple forms of C, E, selenomethione and Co Q 10 along with many other antioxidants especially certain herbs! Avoid all toxins including bleach, automobile fluids and ALL INDUSTRY fumes!!!

    September 10, 2014 at 11:27 pm | Reply
    • shuttle

      You lost all credibility at "God created..."

      September 10, 2014 at 11:48 pm | Reply
      • James

        Why does God have to conflict with Science? That's a bogus war that's pointless to fight – anything God did was within the bounds of physics and natural laws...aka science.

        September 11, 2014 at 12:36 am |
      • davessworks

        I wouldn't worry too much about his credibility while yours is on the line.

        September 11, 2014 at 12:42 am |
      • sivt

        Don't you idiots realize that the more you attack one's beliefs, the more they will dig in their heals and refuse to budge??? Every time one of you attacks, some one's beleifs just get deeper...

        September 11, 2014 at 12:56 am |
      • Reader

        I thought the same thing... the moment he said "God Created" it all went down the drain from there.

        September 11, 2014 at 1:28 am |
      • Ervin

        Thanks, you saved me from reading that BS

        September 11, 2014 at 1:39 am |
      • Chris

        Then you missed the point.
        Why can't people just respect each others views on religion, and just over look the small remarks? Yeah, I get where you're coming from; no one wants anothers' religious views shoved onto them, however he simply mentioned God and continued on explaining the science behind what he was saying. I also paused when I saw the word "God", however I simply said to myself, "o.k. , so he believes in God, let's see where he is going with this", and I continued to read on. I respected his religious view, however pointless I thought it to be, however I disagreed with it, was not the point of the conversation.I heard him out and thought he made some good points on the subject at hand.
        To switch the topic to religion is just trolling here.

        Why can't we all just respect each others' views and get along? He wasn't shoving his religious belief, he simply applied a small portion of it to his theory, that application did not change what he was saying. It was irrelevant and should not have been dwelled on.

        September 11, 2014 at 4:44 am |
      • LakeRat1

        Lighten up people! I'm damned near an atheist, and I might even use an expression like that when I'm making a point. There is plenty of science in his discussion, but it does sound a bit fishy. I just ate a bowl of bran flakes, with milk. Am I screwed? (I know that there is sugar in the milk, but I don't consume much additional sugar during the day)

        September 11, 2014 at 5:52 am |
      • Servant of The Lord

        May Jesus Christ reveal himself in your life
        You will see the light and peace of The Lord on your life
        It will be clear to you and there will be no doubt in gods glory in your life
        As I have prayed on your behalf that the truth the life and the way is revealed to you it will be done in Jesus name

        September 11, 2014 at 8:45 am |
      • DaMan

        Agreed, he could have tied the two together with his beliefs but it was not done correctly. Then he went off on some strange rant that we should basically eat nothing but fruit or, by definition of the human body thousands of years ago, just get out there and chase down a rabbit and eat it raw. LOL

        September 11, 2014 at 9:31 am |
      • bevshe

        He did not lose credibility by mentioning "God" but would have been better to have left out that sentence since it is irrelevant to his comment. All he did was promote irrelevant discussions.

        September 11, 2014 at 9:38 am |
      • Keengkong

        I agree with you. It's not the author's belief in God that's a problem; it's the willingness to ground a scientific argument in appeals to God. In the Middle Ages, people relied upon Joshua, 10:13, to conclude that the Sun revolved around the Earth.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:16 am |
      • Jay

        What kind of science is this?

        September 11, 2014 at 10:16 am |
      • Del

        @ Shuttle and others supporting his view: By "casiiisears" saying "God designed" he meant that from the beginning of mankind. Now, whether it was God or Science or Naturallity or Evolution that created human's, thats besides the point. All he was trying to convey is that our very creation and existence came with certain genes embedded in them which is what our human body was design to consume and digest without any problems or physiologic effects.
        In another way you can try to look at it from the perspective of technology. Imagine the first powered engine cars that man created (from individual perspective, this man could be François Isaac de Rivaz who designed the first car powered by an internal combustion engine running on fuel gas, or Karl Benz , the german inventor who developed modern automobile, or Gerald Ford whose company decided to mass produce automobiles for commercial use), these cars were all design to be powered through fuel combustion. Now if you take any of such cars and decide to start feeding it all the solar energy you want, it will be needless unless you install a solar powered system within the cars.
        In a nut shell, the moral of the story is regardless of how our human creation began, we were all animals design to coup with our native environment and any attempts to deviate from that means we will have to overcome the challenges associated with such. This article and "casiiisears" comments were never about the powers that led to human creation.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:19 am |
    • shuttle

      You lost all credibility at "God designed..."

      September 10, 2014 at 11:49 pm | Reply
      • coexist2342

        Even if it be in only your final breath, ask for God's forgiveness and you will receive.

        September 11, 2014 at 1:57 am |
    • Anise Leinen

      It's never a good sign when someone demonstrates that they don't understand the genetic mutation that allows for lactase persistence. Five to ten thousand years ago, some populations did indeed evolve the ability to digest milk as adults. It's such a simple fact that when it isn't listed in a comment, it's a big red flag signaling that we can't take things at face value.

      September 10, 2014 at 11:59 pm | Reply
      • Thomas Wells

        You milk people are hilarious. A LARGE majority of adults STILL can't ingest lactose. I'm beginning to think Post and Kellogs are paying people to post in favor of sugar and starches.

        September 11, 2014 at 9:16 am |
      • bambibones

        Actually, a response to Thomas Wells' response:

        The mutation referred to has been mapped to western European populations, in areas in which dairy production was more possible. It is likely that the ability to break down lactose increased the survival of individuals in that population, so the mutation became more common. However, the mutation is not present in the majority of the world's population, and far from universal even in populations where it is common.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:05 am |
    • no wonder Sears is going out of business

      Casii Sears, are you related to the Sear Roebuck business? No wonder they are dying. You lack common sense. And you can't ingest common sense either. Listening to too many "gurus" about diet, has produced a total moron, like you........ your comments actually made me laugh....... thanks, maybe I live a little longer by laughing....... at people like you......... 🙂

      September 11, 2014 at 12:43 am | Reply
    • Phonee

      I thought this was just copied from the Dr. Bronner's soap bottles

      September 11, 2014 at 2:35 am | Reply
      • Lloyd

        @Phonee, yours was the best response ever!!! Made me laugh like I haven't laughed in a long time. I think you're right!

        September 11, 2014 at 8:11 am |
    • My Name

      Thanks for the information....but...I am now totally confused. .....Can someone please tell me exactly what to eat and where to buy it? How do I know if something is grown with that fertilizer? ( I assume if it is labeled organic-no fertilizer)

      September 11, 2014 at 4:50 am | Reply
      • Joy

        Get these two books.. Perfect Health Diet and Minding my mitochondria. They have a lot of information on what to eat.

        September 11, 2014 at 8:36 am |
      • Charles

        Sure.

        First, calculate your daily total energy expenditure (TDEE) using any of the many online calculators.

        Next, weigh yourself, and if possible, find your bodyfat %, thus giving you fat mass and lean body mass numbers.

        Eat .5 to 1.5 grams of protein per pound of LBM, depending on activity level.

        Eat .25-.5 grams of fat per pound of LBM.

        Determine how many calories this equals by multiplying grams of protein by 4 (protein and carbs of ANY TYPE both contain 4 cal/gram) and fat by 9 (fat contains 9 calories per gram) and add them together.

        Now, figure out if you'd like to maintain, gain, or lose weight. If trying to gain weight, add 5% to your calculated TDEE. If trying to lose weight, subtract 5-10% from your TDEE. You can subtract a bit more if extremely overweight, but generally slow weight loss is more sustainable, and more sparing of LBM.

        Now, subtract the number of calories from essential protein and fat from that new calculated number. The number you get will be leftover calories. Eat whatever macronutrients you want for that remainder.

        In terms of food choices, most nutritionists suggest ~80% minimally processed whole foods.

        Viola, healthy diet demystified. The media and pseudo-experts dramatically over complicate it.

        September 11, 2014 at 9:58 am |
      • kake79

        Here's what you need to know: Humans have been eating grains for about ten thousand years. Of my four grandparents, three lived into their nineties in fairly good health (no one that old is "perfectly" healthy). And all of them grew up on an old school American diet of meat, potatoes, vegetables, grains, and milk. Eat well-rounded, eat non-processed, everything in moderation.

        These sky is falling Chicken Littles are ridiculous. Our average lifespan is 79.8 years. Are you really overly concerned with squeezing out maybe, possibly, a couple more? It's important we live life and enjoy it. Don't spend every meal worrying about whether it might shave a minute off the end of your life. That's no way to live.

        September 11, 2014 at 12:21 pm |
    • a4mrtheist

      Casiiisears does have some valid points but god had nothing to do with the design or anything else for that matter.

      September 11, 2014 at 6:20 am | Reply
    • Gary

      We know Gupta's credentials, what are yours?

      September 11, 2014 at 6:42 am | Reply
      • bambibones

        Gupta is a physician, not a scientist.

        They are very different professions.

        You should never assume a physician reads primary research or even knows how it works. In most medical schools, the ability to discern the quality of primary research is not taught. It appears that some physicians do not even know the difference between scientific research and scientific journalism.

        The promulgation of nonsense by physicians in popular media, consumed by the public which assumes that physicians are experts who understand research, is devastating.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:15 am |
    • joeknockz

      It's just not that cut and dry, to say "Milk is bad", "Grains are bad". 50 years and your body destroyed? No. My dad has drank about a 1/2 gallon of milk every day since he was a small child. He's now 64 and still very healthy. He's a welder and lifts 100 lbs rods every day 6 days a week. He also smokes about two packs a day. Which yes, that's proven to kill, but he has been doing it for over 30 years and I promise ...he doesn't look old... and he still moves around almost as good as me.

      September 11, 2014 at 7:19 am | Reply
      • joeknockz

        Some people can jump one foot. Some people can jump 3 feet. And we don't say "people can only jump one foot". Instead we handle those on a case by case basis. But yet, with health claims, we do lump those together and say "This kills you", "This is safe". Instead of having the mentality of looking at things as either black or white, we should try to figure out what causes some people to have more adverse effects on things like sugar. You may not all agree with me, but for every person who has a positive effect on some carb diet, there's someone else who gets sick from it. What works for one person health wise, just does not work for another person. We are not all built the exact same, as they make it seem. So ANY of this health talk, take it with a grain of salt...

        September 11, 2014 at 7:40 am |
      • dfwelch

        Or, we could just recognize that we absolutely do not need to ingest 140 pounds of sugar a year! No one does! FIFTY THREE GALLONS OF SOFT DRINKS PER YEAR!?!?!? STOP DRINKING SODA! IT IS NOT GOOD FOR YOU!!!

        September 11, 2014 at 9:37 am |
      • Sam Adams

        Is a grain of salt ok to ingest or it bad?

        September 11, 2014 at 10:24 am |
      • kake79

        @SamAdams... Bahahaha... I was going to say the same thing. 🙂

        September 11, 2014 at 12:23 pm |
    • ghastly

      " God designed a precise instrument" – you call someone with severe mental retardation "a precise instrument" ?

      September 11, 2014 at 7:57 am | Reply
      • Servant of The Lord

        Severe mentally retarded person is a more a precise instrument creation of our lord
        Than majority of the physically and academically elite that our lord has created
        Ask your self which Group sins more often and chases the vain and superficial temporal things of this world
        For there own evil sinful hearts desires I have it all and without Jesus I consider my life worthless
        Retarded people They are perfect in the lords eyes just like he puts up with the human race
        Trust me the retarded do not break there fathers heart the way you and I do

        September 11, 2014 at 8:58 am |
    • Bill

      casiiisears I gotta agree with you. You speak of the Paleo lifestyle. Man has lost brain and body size since the advent of the agricultural age, some 10,000 years ago. Eat clean, people!

      September 11, 2014 at 8:27 am | Reply
      • kake79

        That is so, so wrong. Please look at the research. Archeology has shown more than once that paleolithic man ate grains.

        September 11, 2014 at 12:25 pm |
    • lewcypher

      Please show evidence that a god created humans

      September 11, 2014 at 8:29 am | Reply
    • weezer998

      There are so many non-facts, pseudo-science, and total fabrications in your comment that it's easier to just say there is no useful information in there whatsoever.

      September 11, 2014 at 8:35 am | Reply
    • rlj

      With or without the mention of God, not much credibility.

      September 11, 2014 at 8:59 am | Reply
    • toocoldinmadison

      "There has been no significant change in our DNA in the last 10,000 years and anything we ingest that did not exist during our evolution will be toxic to our genome." - That statement is simply untrue. The ability to absorb lactose as an adult is younger than that, and many other mutations have occurred are occurring since 10,000 years ago that impact now and in the future.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:00 am | Reply
      • Thomas Wells

        Such as??

        September 11, 2014 at 9:14 am |
    • Thomas Wells

      Those of you who hate based on someone saying "God" will die of ignorance. Everything the poster stated is 100% factual. If you won't listen or do further research based on the word "God", you are ignoring vital information that could save your life or someone else you know.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:12 am | Reply
      • bambibones

        I agree that we should not reject an argument because someone uses the phrase "God-given," which might well have been used, sloppily, to make a statement sound passionate, rather than indicating a belief system. Tolerance, folks.

        However, your comment that the statements made were 100% factual is completely wrong. The statements are complete nonsense, demonstrating a complete lack of understanding of simple anatomy, physiology, and chemistry – not of some advanced level, but what anybody with a high school diploma should possess. This person has evidently read some pseudoscience somewhere, and used the "God-given," fist-on-the-pulpit phrase to emotionally bolster his nearly non-existent argument.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:23 am |
    • sanks

      thanks, much better than the article! & I for one liked the "God" part. credit where credit is due.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:32 am | Reply
    • bambibones

      Uh – grains are acidic and fruits are not?

      Sugar clumps in the brain?

      What is your evidence about what we ate hundreds of thousands of years ago, and why should that indicate what we should be eating today? In the ancient times to which you refer, people didn't live long enough to suffer the effects of saturated fats; they died of other causes long before atherosclerosis could get to them.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:47 am | Reply
    • Charles

      What you said is basically 95% wrong.

      I'm about to run to work, so I don't really have time to go through this point by point, but I'd strongly suggest that anyone reading this do some independent research before taking any of it seriously. And when I say independent research, I don't mean from websites that talk about Chakras, "energy", or why modern medicine is a vast conspiracy out to get you.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:49 am | Reply
    • Rakkasan

      Remember that 100,000 years ago people only lived to be 20-30 years old, so we don't know what was harmful in the long run or not.

      I have a better idea. If they have a commercial for it, and/or mold won't grow on it, then don't eat it.

      September 11, 2014 at 10:05 am | Reply
    • Del

      "Casiiisears" , apparently one commenter swayed the public away from your point and turn this into a religious war. I wonder if it was pure lack of reasoning or delibrate. From my understanding your reference to "God designed" simply meant the beginning of mankind. Now, whether it was God or Science or Naturallity or Evolution that created human's, thats left on the reader to interpret based on their inherent beliefs. The message you were conveying was that our very creation and existence came with certain genes embedded in them which is what our human body recognizes and which aides in our consumption and digestion process without any physiologic effects imbalance.
      I guess the moral of the story is, regardless of the powers involved in our human creation, we were all animals design to coup with our native environment and any attempts to deviate from that means we will have to overcome the challenges associated with such. This article and "casiiisears" comments were never about the powers that led to human creation.

      September 11, 2014 at 10:26 am | Reply
  3. Aumkara Newhouse

    Dr. Gupta, eating fat raises cholesterol is also a myth. Have you not seen the WSJ article? Read about Ancil Keys and his study not including the high cholesterol diet of France with their great cardiovascular health? http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303678404579533760760481486

    Please be accurate and do your research and eat your eggs and butter with some healthy greens!

    September 10, 2014 at 11:57 pm | Reply
    • rlj

      He's a doctor – he has to provide the best and complete scientific evidence out there – he cannot just repeat one study or article just because it sounds good.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:02 am | Reply
      • bambibones

        He presents no scientific evidence whatsoever.

        Doctors are NOT scientists, and too few of them are trained in evaluating scientific evidence.

        This one refers to a congressional study. That's priceless: congressional representatives are scientists? Seriously? It looks like the University of Michigan's medical school needs to re-evaluate their curriculum.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:26 am |
  4. weezer

    After reading this I am amazed anyone is alive. According to this everything we eat is death also I find it hard to believe that Gupta doesn't understand the human genome life spans are increasing every year and I agree you lost all credibility with the mention of god

    September 11, 2014 at 12:08 am | Reply
    • Jojo

      Not death but close to death. Sprayed with chemicals. Think of eating an apple with bleach as the core. Still want to eat it?

      September 11, 2014 at 12:15 am | Reply
    • Thomas Wells

      Hanging on the cusp of death by chemical concoctions of pharmaceuticals hardly seem to be worthy of being called a longer life span.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:19 am | Reply
    • dfwelch

      punctuation is your friend . . . .

      September 11, 2014 at 9:39 am | Reply
    • bambibones

      "human genome life spans?" What the devil are you talking about? There's no such thing as a human genome life span, so how could it be increasing?

      September 11, 2014 at 10:29 am | Reply
  5. Jojo

    It fascinates me being a transplant recipient to see how many people die each day without an organ. Something is terribly wrong with our food and water supply when more and more people need kidneys, livers and pancreases.

    In 5 years time, the poor will be dead and the rich will rule the world as our food supply will be too toxic to eat. Concerned yet? Keep eating your fast food people and you'll soon see how long that waiting list will be.

    September 11, 2014 at 12:11 am | Reply
    • dfwelch

      In 5 years time? Where do you come up with that number? smh

      September 11, 2014 at 9:40 am | Reply
  6. concerned

    Yes, pretty much what Atkins was saying all along. And he definitely would pick a cheeseburger over a big sugary drink. Sugar = bad. Some meat and some fat = not so bad. And a much better alternative than a nutritional wasteland sugary drink. Cheers to Atkins!

    September 11, 2014 at 12:34 am | Reply
    • Bryan

      Exactly. The people that assumed fat was, and still is, bad has been the US government. All of their diet recommendations say eat low fat and more carbs and they still push that message. Atkins conducted scientific studies that proved that certain carbs (simple sugars) were the culprit and directly correlated to the increase in obesity and diabetes in the US over the last 50+ years.

      As long as food is full of sugars and processed flour America will be obese. So Gupta and Fareed, tell the government and make food producers find better ingredients.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:08 am | Reply
  7. Gupta looks way too thin

    I think we should advise Dr. Sanjay Gupta to fatten up a little........... he is eating only rabbit food...... and looks deathly thin........ like a famine victim............ poor guy.............. 😦

    September 11, 2014 at 12:46 am | Reply
    • concentration camp victim perhaps?

      If you look at pics of jews that had been held in Dachau or Treblinka or Auschwitz, they looked really scrawny, like they were not being fed much at all............ serious case of malnutrition........... just like Dr. Gupta looks right now....... 🙂

      September 11, 2014 at 12:50 am | Reply
      • joeknockz

        you change your name in your post like you're a different person. But using the "..........." the same, and the smileys at the end, makes it apparent you're the same person commenting on your own post.

        September 11, 2014 at 7:45 am |
  8. SC

    Well... all of this is very confusing now. it seems every 4-5 years a new study comes out and totally discredits the old one.

    September 11, 2014 at 1:23 am | Reply
    • Jake Sanchez

      Actually no...you just haven't been paying attention on this issue

      September 11, 2014 at 2:03 am | Reply
      • Kate

        Actually, yes.

        September 11, 2014 at 6:30 am |
    • bambibones

      Your comment reflects the sad state of science education in the United States. People are not being taught how to evaluate research or how science actually works. There will always be studies that seem to contradict each other. There will always be statistical outliers that don't reflect central tendencies. Passing a very elementary statistics course should be a requirement for voting, and a ninth-grade curriculum that includes honest scientific methodology would greatly further discussions on forums such as this one.

      No wonder people walk away from scientific evidence: they haven't been given the tools to make sense of it all.

      September 11, 2014 at 10:34 am | Reply
  9. Dan

    Folks, here's the path to being healthy... just don't over eat. Stop being a glutenous mass. Eat things in balance, fruits, veggies, some meat and fish, and even a few grains. And then go outside and exercise... walk, ride a bike, take a nice hike. Just do something active. This isn't rocket science, its common sense. My grandfather of 93 practiced this lifestyle and he drank lots of wine and even smoked.

    September 11, 2014 at 1:40 am | Reply
    • mallanna

      I agree. Over indulgence in food is bad.

      September 11, 2014 at 8:47 am | Reply
    • bambibones

      Opinion, not evidence.

      You're probably right, but it's sad that people confuse the passion of opinion with logic and evidence.

      Your grandfather is a sample size of one. There's no evidence there whatsoever.

      September 11, 2014 at 10:37 am | Reply
  10. jeremyhornephd

    4th graf – " And there was also other studies ... " Where is the editor?

    September 11, 2014 at 1:58 am | Reply
  11. Thomas

    There is nothing like a few street taco's and a cold Mexican Coke , made with 100% real sugarcane from cuba .

    September 11, 2014 at 2:41 am | Reply
  12. PolishPickers

    In my case sugar does hurt me. I have to have it because I will go into shock. I almost died couple times because I did not have enough of it.

    September 11, 2014 at 3:19 am | Reply
    • bambibones

      I hope you have been tested for the few, unusual diseases that could cause what essentially sounds like insulin shock.

      September 11, 2014 at 10:38 am | Reply
  13. 38518bae

    I was bloated/gassy the whole time and I've always had problems with my skin. These past few years the skin on my upper body was filled with little black-head-like pimples. Like chicken-skin, but constantly.
    After finding keto and low-carb high fat (LCHF) I dropped the wheat and the milk and what do you know? It's only the second week and what I thought was a condition was actually a reaction to what I was eating.
    I'm almost completely gotten rid of my bloat issues and my skin is smoother than ever before.

    Where there's smoke, there's fire. Do your own research, people.

    September 11, 2014 at 4:23 am | Reply
    • RonaldMacD

      I eat wheat and sugar and have never had "chicken skin" so maybe you're basing all your beliefs on a personal reaction.

      September 11, 2014 at 11:28 am | Reply
  14. Islamophobe

    As much as I want to agree with this article, I think he needs to be more specific on the types of fat.

    Based on personal experience in my life, fat in foods such as cheese, sausages, bacon, "most meat" in general, and fried stuff will kill your heart way faster than sugar.

    I've seen it happen to my grandfather who died at 69 while in surgery for heart problems and a previous heart attack. And I'm seeing it in my stepfather who loved all those foods above. He has a defib implant, pacemaker, and is on all kinds of meds at age 70.

    September 11, 2014 at 6:19 am | Reply
    • Niral Ramesh

      This is anecdotal and cannot be considered in light of a valid scientific study. Saturated fats are at worst benign and at best slightly beneficial. There are NO studies that show that saturated fat causes heart disease.

      http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/early/2010/01/13/ajcn.2009.27725.abstract

      September 11, 2014 at 7:07 am | Reply
      • bambibones

        Nonsense. There are plenty of studies, GOOD studies, showing a correlation between saturated fats and cardiovascular disease. There are others that show no effect. But to claim that no studies show an effect is completely ignorant. There is an excellent, elementary-level review of these studies on Wikipedia. The study to which you refer has been discredited.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:44 am |
    • 38518bae

      Agreed on the fried stuff and sugar but definitely not on everything else.
      What you're forgetting to mention is what your grandpa's diet fully consisted of. Bread? Pasta? Rice? Starches? Stuff laden with HFCS? Corn? Wheat? Flour? Soda? Milk?

      September 11, 2014 at 9:53 am | Reply
      • bambibones

        You were so right about my Grandpa's diet: how did you know?

        However, you left out the fact that my grandfather died of a heart attack – his fifth – before he was 60.

        Seriously, it is amazing that anecdotes and opinions pass for logical evidence.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:46 am |
    • Coach Irf

      Personal experiences hold very little water when it comes to science. It has been shown in a number of well constructed studies and metastudies that saturated fat (as well as "leaner" fats, whether from meat or otherwise) has very little to do with heart disease. The only type that really hasn't had conclusive results, (but the ones that do have been negative) is transfat, so yes, it is probably best to avoid that for now. Note that a lot of these meat based dishes have a lot of simple carbohydrates (sugar) as well, from the bun of a cheeseburger to various sauces and marinades.
      Objective science (and numbers in general) should be deferred to with these types of things, over anecdotal or untested theoretical ideas.
      The same approach might help with your "Islamaphobia" 🙂

      September 11, 2014 at 10:08 am | Reply
      • bambibones

        I am in complete agreement with your comment about scientific evidence trumping personal or anecdotal evidence.

        However, there ARE studies showing a link between saturated fats and CVD. They are also good studies, and there are also meta-level analyses showing the same link. There is also good criticism of the analyses that don't show this link, in terms of what kinds of saturated fats were studied, confusion of data then incorporated into meta-studies, and omission of research that contradicted the meta-analysis.

        September 11, 2014 at 10:51 am |
  15. Joey Isotta-Fraschini©

    These posts are astounding.
    I wonder how many of the bloggers writing about these studies are obese.
    That includes those writing about God.

    September 11, 2014 at 6:28 am | Reply
  16. rupert

    I've read all the article and your comments. Extremely interesting. Read that long thesis too.
    Obviously, some of you work in or have a back ground in the area of nutrition and health. Like someone said, eat in moderation.

    September 11, 2014 at 6:31 am | Reply
  17. rupert

    Yes Joey. Astounding is a better adjective.

    September 11, 2014 at 6:33 am | Reply
  18. rupert

    Gupta. You and Fareed stay thin. U live longer.

    September 11, 2014 at 6:37 am | Reply
    • Joey Isotta-Fraschini©

      Good morning, @ rupert.
      I'm off to the gym, just as soon as I finish my eggs and espresso.

      September 11, 2014 at 6:50 am | Reply
      • rupert

        GM Joey. Do have a good W/O.

        September 11, 2014 at 9:58 am |
  19. Joey Isotta-Fraschini©

    Let's see now...
    If I assert that the results of the last study on nutrition were correct, how could I get funding to do a new study of my own?
    Then, if I do a new study that proves that the results of the last study were correct, how can I sell a book about my new study?

    September 11, 2014 at 7:10 am | Reply
    • bambibones

      You completely misunderstand the relationship between research and journalism – and Gupta isn't helping when he is presented as an expert. Gupta doesn't do research. Apparently he doesn't even READ research. He doesn't apply for research grants. But he does write books. Sadly, he seems to confuse congressional studies with clinical research.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:37 am | Reply
  20. Peter Griffin

    I cannot believe Gupta is a so called nutritional expert. Sugar turns into cholesterol??? .."So it hits the liver, the liver says I don't know what to do with all this sugar" except every single fn study made about this has shown the body has immense capacity to store glucose as glycogen and only in extreme cases will it convert it to fat or cholesterol. Seriously, Gupta should be revoked, yes, HE should be revoked for all the nonsense he just spewed on this one video.

    I mean , someone asks you why sugar is bad and your answer is an assumption that has been proven wrong over and over? We were not meant to eat that much sugar? meant? Does he understand the implications of that word? Ok, Ill play along, so we're not meant to eat all "that sugar"(btw how much is all that sugar?) but we sure can. If you are eating under your caloric maintenance or at maintenance you could eat it all in sugar and no cholesterol or fat will me created, in fact, if you were eating at a surplus but it was all low fat pure sugar you would still not create one gram of fat or cholesterol in your body. Sue, at this point you would also not be burning any fat for energy but you are also not storing any. I'm amazed he–the expert–does not know this.

    September 11, 2014 at 7:51 am | Reply
    • steve

      Refined sugars, which are added to many foods, lack the vitamins, minerals, proteins and fiber found in complex carbohydrates. These "empty calories" can cause blood sugar levels to spike, which in turn causes insulin levels to rise. Insulin is a hormone released by the body that helps regulate blood sugar levels. If sugar is not quickly used for energy, insulin removes it from the blood, and it is then converted into triglycerides in the liver. These triglycerides can then be stored as body fat.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:23 am | Reply
      • bambibones

        Well done.

        I will also add that there is a limit to how much glucose can be stored as glycogen in the muscles and liver (just ask a marathon runner) and that any excess source of calories will therefore find its way into production of fat.

        September 11, 2014 at 9:33 am |
    • bambibones

      Gupta's explanation is dead wrong, and I'm with you on being appalled that he is being broadcast as an expert while spouting complete nonsense.

      However, sugar CAN cause heart disease. It's not about total caloric intake. It's about blood sugar levels. The correlation between diabetes and heart disease is extremely significant. It's not yet clear how having high blood glucose levels causes cardiovascular damage – is it because of overall high average blood sugar levels or is it rather because of temporary spikes? – and glucose intolerance (the reduced ability to lower blood sugars) is epidemic in the United States. This suggests that the spikes in blood glucose caused by eating easily-absorbed carbohydrates could potentially lead to heart disease. There is also evidence that high blood sugar is related to inflammation – and inflammation appears to be a major contributor to cardiovascular disease.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:31 am | Reply
  21. about this issue

    When I read the word God I stopped reading. Sorry it's not about god so the phrase colors the entire argument.

    September 11, 2014 at 8:05 am | Reply
  22. killcourtney

    Mingya, you're all fuc king flakes.

    September 11, 2014 at 8:24 am | Reply
  23. Kevin

    We are all going to die. That's a fact. I plan to enjoy what time I have left on earth by spending time with my family and eating what I like (in moderation). Religion won't stop me from dying or eating.

    September 11, 2014 at 8:38 am | Reply
  24. JayJay

    You are all a bunch of hypocrites... or in todays slang haters.

    September 11, 2014 at 8:41 am | Reply
  25. Jim

    "There's two issues here" is just one of the many grammatically painful phrases in this "journalist's" article. his college...no, his high school....no, wait: his third grade teacher should be ashamed.

    September 11, 2014 at 8:52 am | Reply
    • bambibones

      I agree: someone who can't make subject and verb agree shouldn't be in journalism. I'll take it one step further: someone so functionally uneducated shouldn't be allowed to broadcast scientific ignorance.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:18 am | Reply
  26. Mike Land

    Cancer needs to burn fuel. Sugar is broken down to glucose to make a fine growth medium for it. If you take a cancer patient and place them in a state of ketoacidosis, you see significant reduction in the tumor. If you then place them on a phase I diet, you see it go away.

    September 11, 2014 at 8:58 am | Reply
    • bambibones

      And precisely what is the rest of the body doing while you are trying to starve your tumor?

      By the way, glucose IS a sugar. It is also the body's preferred fuel source, over fats and proteins. It is also the preferred fuel source of almost every living creature.

      If you are going to make an outlandish statement such as placing cancer patients (all of them? all kinds of cancer?) on a ketosis-producing diet makes a tumor disappear, you'd better be ready to cite your evidence. But if you don't know that glucose is a sugar, you probably won't be able to read the research.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:22 am | Reply
  27. Will

    The doc is right, I habitually drank a regular Coca-Cola or two daily since i was about 18 years old. Had a heart attack at 50 with one artery that was 90% clogged. That was not fun.

    September 11, 2014 at 9:32 am | Reply
  28. scmtns

    Sounds like Gupta watched "Sugar: The Bitter Truth" by Dr. Robert Lustig.

    September 11, 2014 at 9:43 am | Reply
    • bambibones

      Well put.

      It's a sad, sad statement on reality when a supposed scientific expert is actually only parroting what is really journalism, not primary research.

      I will say that there is evidence that both saturated fats and easily absorbed carbohydrates (such as sugar and white bread or rice) contributes to cardiovascular disease.

      September 11, 2014 at 9:53 am | Reply
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