How the World Cup has already changed Brazil
June 12th, 2014
12:37 PM ET

How the World Cup has already changed Brazil

By Peter Schechter, Special to CNN

Editor’s note: Peter Schechter is director of the Adrienne Arsht Latin America Center at the Atlantic Council, which has released the new policy brief Will Brazil get what it expects from the World Cup? The views expressed are his own.

As Brazilians prepare for the opening game of this year’s World Cup, the public can be expected to engage with their wonderful soccer team and perhaps look forward to some celebrating – after all, Brazil is a firm favorite with the bookmakers. But the doubts about the tournament – visible in protests, newspaper editorials, NGO activism on stadium cost overruns, strikes, and increasingly strident criticism of President Dilma Rousseff – speak to important questions about Brazil's future.

In fact, whatever happens over the next month, one thing is clear: Brazil is at a moment of profound transition. The "model" is in doubt.

Over the past decade, Brazil flourished partly due to the fast flow of high-priced commodities sold to China and the rest of the world. The government of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva brought innovative social experiments that raised millions from poverty. But Brazil neglected to prepare for the down cycle by reforming its economy and improving services. Now, reduced demand for exports and lower commodity prices are exposing the burdens of a vast state of 200 million citizens.


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Topics: Brazil • Economy
June 10th, 2014
08:59 AM ET

Why we should care about teeth whitening

For more What in the World watch Sundays at 10 a.m. & 1 p.m. ET on CNN

By Global Public Square staff

All eyes will be on the U.S. Supreme Court this month as it issues its final decisions before recessing for the summer. When it comes back in session (on the first Monday of October), it will likely hear a critical case. But the case is not about money in politics or affirmative action or the powers of the presidency – it's about whether you can get your teeth whitened at a kiosk in the mall.

What in the world?

You see, teeth whitening services have been in high demand since 1989. And, as with any billion-dollar business, people are keen to capitalize on the trend. In 2003, non-dentists in North Carolina started to provide peroxide whitening at significantly lower prices than dentists.

Not surprisingly, the dentists started complaining.


June 9th, 2014
12:28 PM ET

How the market can undermine terrorism

By Jay Cohen and Barry Blechman, Special to CNN

Editor’s note: Jay Cohen (RADM, USN, Ret.) is a principal at Chertoff Group. Barry Blechman is a distinguished fellow at the Stimson Center. They are chair and vice chair, respectively, of Stimson’s Partners in Prevention Task Force, which released its final recommendations on May 29. The views expressed are their own.

On October 29, 2010, airplanes carrying two unremarkable packages left Yemen. Were it not for an eleventh-hour intelligence tip, the bomb inside each parcel, disguised by al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb as a printer cartridge, likely would have continued to evade standard security checks and detonated over the eastern United States.

Despite its frantic search for a quick fix to prevent similar incidents in the future, the U.S. government surprised many by foregoing immediate regulatory action. Instead, it collaborated with the major express air delivery companies to enhance sharing of security information without hampering legitimate trade.

The result of those discussions – the Air Cargo Advance Screening regime – highlights one of the many ways government and industry can work together to create a successful solution to the challenge of maintaining security in a global economy. At once, globalization has opened opportunities for billions of people, but it has also empowered criminals and terrorists on a worldwide scale. Unfortunately, nearly four years after the cargo plane plot, many critical security gaps that take root in modern global trade remain.


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Topics: Economy • Terrorism
June 4th, 2014
04:58 PM ET

Should U.S. measure the black market?

For more Last Look, watch GPS, Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

The government announced last week that the U.S. economy shrank in the first quarter. That's the first quarter in the red in three years. It's certainly not catastrophic, but it got me wondering whether the mafia might be able to help on this one. No, I'm not suggesting that organized crime make offers that American CEO can't refuse. Instead, I'm suggesting that the U.S. might want to take a page from Italy's book. Let me explain.

Italy's GDP has essentially the opposite track record of the U.S. until recently. The fourth quarter of 2013 was the first time Italy's economy grew in two years. So Italy dipped into the shadows this past week, the shadow economy, that is.

Starting in 2014 and going retroactively, Italy has said it will add the mafia's dealings to its GDP. And not just like Cosa Nostra, but anyone who makes money in the black market, drug dealing, prostitution, smuggling. Analysts expect this accounting change to boost Italy's GDP a good percentage point or two.


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Topics: Economy • Last Look
May 16th, 2014
12:45 PM ET

Geithner: Financial crisis strategy was 'dramatically different'

Fareed speaks with former U.S. Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner about criticism of the Obama administration's response to the financial crisis. Watch the full interview on "Fareed Zakaria GPS," this Sunday at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

So critics would say that this is the weakest recovery since the Great Depression, so in 60 or 70 years. That much of that weakness has to do, The Wall Street Journal editorializes often, because of all the burdens that the Obama administration has put on it – regulatory burdens from Obamacare, from Dodd-Frank, the re-regulation of the financial industry. What do you say to them?

I've been exposed to that view and it’s true that we definitely brought some substantial changes to the economics of the financial system. And those were disruptive and they definitely changed the economics of it.

But that was a necessary, just thing to do. And this recovery, if you look at our experience against the record of the last hundred years of recoveries following bad finance crises is it's a moderate recovery. But it looks pretty good in relative terms.

And if you look at the American economy today, you're going to see a gradually strengthening economy, and we should see not just unemployment fall further, but we should see income growth improve for a broader fraction of Americans.  And that's again, I believe, because we adopted a dramatically different strategy into our crisis than had been the pattern of governments really across decades and decades.

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Topics: Economy • GPS Show
May 15th, 2014
08:45 PM ET

Geithner: Strategy wasn’t about picking Wall Street over Main Street

Fareed speaks with former U.S. Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner about the Obama administration’s response to the financial crisis. Watch the full interview on "Fareed Zakaria GPS," this Sunday at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

So the strategy that you adopted has often been criticized. It was criticized at the time and is criticized in retrospect as bailing out Wall Street at the expense of Main Street. What do you say?

It’s a common perception, and it's a completely understandable perception because what you had to do to protect the economy of the country – the average person running a business or just trying to keep their job – what you had to do to protect them in a classic financial panic feels deeply unfair.

It's completely counterintuitive. And that's because the central imperative then is to make sure you prevent the collapse of the system. You keep the lights on. You know, think of the banking system. We don't like to think of this way, but think of it as the power grid. It's like a vital, essential thing. And what you saw in the Great Depression and you saw in countries since then is that if you let panic escalate and that fire burn too, too strong, it's devastating.


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Topics: Economy • GPS Show • United States
May 13th, 2014
02:40 PM ET

'Bubblets' in the U.S. economy?

Watch "Fareed Zakaria GPS," Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

Fareed speaks with Steve Rattner, chairman of Willett Advisors, about the U.S. economy.

Robert Shiller, the economist who predicted both the tech bubble and the housing bubble, says we're back in bubble territory. What do you say to that?

Stocks are expensive. There's no question about that. By any historic measure, we look at the price of stocks relative to the earnings of the underlying companies, they're trading at about 16 times earnings, which is high. It's above its long-term historic average.

And you do see little bits and pieces of what I'll call “bubblets” around in the sense that you had a number of tech stocks that were quite high, Twitter, for example. Now they've started to come back down again.

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Topics: Economy • GPS Show
May 12th, 2014
05:45 PM ET

Is China really about to overtake the U.S.?

For more What in the World watch Sundays at 10 a.m. & 1 p.m. ET on CNN

By Global Public Square staff

This month, headlines declared that China could eclipse the United States as the world's biggest economy by as early as this year. But before you start lamenting the end of American dominance – the U.S's 125-year run as the world's economic leader – listen to us. America is still number one. It will be for a while. And, as it turns out, China is OK with that.

Let us explain.

A new report from the World Bank's International Comparison Program says that China is catching up to the U.S. faster than anticipated. In 2005, the ICP estimated China's economy was 43 percent the size of America's. But their latest report, which uses 2011 data, puts China's GDP at $13.5 trillion. That accounts for 87 percent of the U.S. economy, which is $15.5 trillion.

Now, given that China's economy is growing 3 times as fast, it is fair to project that China will surpass the U.S. by year end. So, are we bracing ourselves for a big power shift from West to East, for a new Pacific era?

Well, not exactly. The International Comparison Program based their rankings on a measure called purchasing power parity. PPP, as it's called, estimates the real cost of living – in other words, what money can actually buy you in each country, not how much money you have.


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Topics: China • Economy • United States • What in the World?
America's middle class losing ground
May 7th, 2014
03:28 PM ET

America's middle class losing ground

America's middle class has been the envy of the world for decades. But a comprehensive new study suggests that America has lost yet another number one ranking – its middle class is no longer the richest in the world.

Fareed spoke with the New York Times’ David Leonhardt. Watch the full interview here.

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Topics: Economy • GPS Show • United States
May 6th, 2014
06:48 PM ET

Analyst: America's middle class falling behind

Watch "Fareed Zakaria GPS," Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

Fareed Zakaria speaks with David Leonhardt, editor of the New York Times’ ‘The Upshot,’ about his latest research – and why the American middle class may no longer be the richest in the world. Watch the video for the full interview.

The most startling piece of data was this shift that has taken place in the American middle class. One way of looking at it, which you presented, was if you look at the median income...


…of an American – and that's not the richest person, not the poorest person, it’s the person smack in the middle. And I think the Census Bureau defines it at about $50,000 a year, someone earning $50,000 a year. Look at this chart. Since 1981, that's what's happened.

It's not a good story, is it? In 1981, we had, by far, the richest middle class in the world. And what has happened since then is that income growth in these other countries has been substantially faster for the middle class and the poor.

Now, this is after tax income. That's a question a lot of people have. It's after-tax income. It includes direct government benefits, things like Social Security. So this is really what people have to spend. And it's really worrisome. And it's not just a 30-year trend. You also see it if you look since 2000. In some ways, it's more pronounced in the last 15 years.

This is the stunning one. You see all these other countries had much stronger income growth at the median level. But then since 2000, I mean the United States barely grew at all. FULL POST

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Topics: Economy • GPS Show • Inequality
How women could boost GDP
April 30th, 2014
09:19 AM ET

How women could boost GDP

According to the International Monetary Fund, increasing women's employment rates around the globe could result in huge gains. If women worked at the same level as men in Egypt, the country's GDP could grow by 34 percent. The United Arab Emirates would see an estimated 12 percent boost. Germany and France 4 percent...and even the United States could see 5 percent more growth.

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Topics: Economy • GPS Show • Women
April 29th, 2014
12:23 PM ET

Why the world needs more women in the workplace

For more What in the World watch Sundays at 10 a.m. & 1 p.m. ET on CNN

By Global Public Square staff

If you watch even just one episode of "Mad Men," it's clear that since the 1960's, women in the workplace have come a long way. But a new study shows that they still have a long way to go.

Women today make up about half the American workforce, a big leap from the 1960's – the Mad Men era – when they constituted about a third. But, for example, only 23 Fortune 500 companies have CEOs who are women. Or look at average wages – in 1963, a woman in the United States made 59 cents for every dollar a man made. Today, women have made good gains, but on average they make 77 cents for every dollar a male counterpart makes.

The most startling data on women in the workplace, though, came from a study just out from two left-leaning think tanks – the Center for American Progress and the Center for Economic and Policy Research.

It turns out that the most important economic trend of the last 30 years might not be high tech...but rather high employment of women. If women hadn't entered the workforce – by the millions – over the last three decades, the study says, the U.S. economy would be about 11 percent smaller.


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Topics: Economy • What in the World? • Women
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