April 22nd, 2014
07:02 PM ET

Will 'Game of Pawns' win over college students?

For more Last Look, watch GPS, Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

There's an interesting new spy film that's just been released called “Game of Pawns.”

Never heard of it? It’s the dramatization of a harrowing true story. And it's not by some Hollywood fat cat studios. Rather, the FBI was behind the release of this 28 minute anti-espionage film.

It's about an American student who is currently serving four years in prison for sharing secrets with China.

Grab the popcorn. Glenn Duffie Shriver starts out a wide-eyed college student who falls in love with the city of Shanghai. Looking for a visa to prolong his stay he starts "writing papers" for the Chinese government.

The stakes – and the money – increase until his handlers suggest that he apply for a job at the CIA. He soon finds himself sweating through a Langley polygraph, quitting in the middle and attempting to flee to China.

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Topics: GPS Show • Last Look
April 22nd, 2014
01:13 PM ET

Was anti-Semitism an idea exported from Europe?

Watch "Fareed Zakaria GPS," Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

Fareed speaks with Simon Schama, professor of history at Columbia University and author of The Story of the Jews, about the roots of anti-Semitism.

And what about Arab anti-Semitism – is anti-Semitism, as is sometimes claimed, a kind of European idea that has been exported...

…to the Arab world?

Yes. That's exactly right. What's happened is that, you know, Zionism and the state of Israel obviously manifestly caused a huge problem for Jews anciently settled in the Arab world. But what's happened is actually the forms of poison have exactly been transfused into the Israeli-Palestinian problem.

For example, probably more people, especially in the Arab world, are reading and believing in The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, this 19th century forgery, which purported to be the minutes of secret meetings of international Jews.

Produced by the Russians, who at the time were probably the most anti-Semitic...

Absolutely the most anti-Semitic. But now this is online. The thing about our online is that all this stuff that comes at us like hurtling asteroids is that there are no gatekeepers between madness and truth. So more people are probably reading or believing that in the Arab world, in particular, than at any other time.

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Topics: GPS Show
How to measure 'social progress'
April 20th, 2014
02:40 PM ET

How to measure 'social progress'

By Dana Sherne

A groundbreaking new study, the Social Progress Index, suggests that economic development is “necessary but not sufficient” for social progress and quality of life.The bad news for America? It isn’t even close to being number one.

Each component of the rankings includes a range of subcategories that reveal a greater diversity than can be reflected in a single measure like gross domestic product. G8 countries Germany (#12), the United Kingdom (#13) and Japan (#14) fare pretty well overall. The rankings of fast-growing economies like China (#90) and India (#102), meanwhile, show that despite despite their fast-paced development in recent years, they still have more to do. And the U.S.? It comes in at 16th place.

Breaking the numbers down, the U.S. ranks 31st in one of the subcategories for basic human needs: personal safety. This measure includes violent crime and homicide rates. Indeed, in the latter category, the U.S. is tied at number 41 with turbulent countries like Ukraine and Lebanon. In the political terror sub-category, the U.S. ranks 80th, along with Venezuela, Indonesia and Cuba.

The U.S. scores especially badly in health and wellness (#70) and ecosystem sustainability (#69). Health and wellness is based on measures like the obesity rate, where the U.S. ranks, perhaps unsurprisingly, at 125. The only countries with lower scores are Mexico, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait.

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Topics: GPS Show
April 19th, 2014
10:09 AM ET

How U.S. is lagging on quality of life

Fareed speaks with Michael Porter, a professor at the Harvard Business School, about a groundbreaking new Social Progress Index – and how the United States is lagging on many indicators. Watch the video for the full interview or on GPS this Sunday at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN.

You were shocked at what you learned about America.

Yes, I think this wasn’t the picture of America that I think many of us Americans have – that we are a leader, a social leader, that we've advanced the ball in terms of opportunity and the needs of our citizens. And it shows anything but that.

So if you look at the Social Progress Index, on the whole, what's striking is the top countries are New Zealand, Switzerland, Iceland, these small countries. But basically then a lot of European countries and Canada beat the United States.

Correct.

The United States is 16, Ireland is ahead of it, Japan is ahead of it, Britain is ahead of it, Germany is ahead of it.

Yes.

What does that tell us? What does that measure?

So this effort tries to really, for the first time ever, take let's call it the social or community or quality of life dimensions of a society, and capture those in a rigorous measurement framework – using the best data available in the world. That's the best and objective measures of these various multiple things. But of course, social progress is a broad concept.

Right. And that's where you break it down into these subcategories. Health and wellness, Japan is number one, Italy is number two, Switzerland is number three. You have to go all the way to 70 to get to the United States.

It's an area where the U.S. – if you actually look objectively, we're just not delivering. We actually spend the most money on this of any country in the world, probably in all of recorded history, in terms of our health care budget every year. But in terms of the actual outcomes – and by the way, the Social Progress Index measures the outcomes you achieve, not how much you spend, not how much you care, not whether you have a big heart…

 

 

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Topics: Economy • GPS Show • United States
April 18th, 2014
05:09 PM ET

On GPS Sunday: Latest from Ukraine, and where U.S. ranks in quality of life

Watch "Fareed Zakaria GPS," Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

On GPS this Sunday: GPS will bring you the latest on the ongoing crisis in Ukraine. Then, we'll go in-depth on sanctions. Many said they would never work, and that Russian President Vladimir Putin wouldn't care. But have they actually done the trick there...and in Iran, too?

Also, Fareed will take a look at a fascinating new international ranking from Harvard's Michael Porter. The United States spends more on its military than the next nine highest spending countries combined. It has the highest GDP in the world. The rest of the world can't get enough of America's sneakers, songs, sodas, movies and iPhones. And 8 of the 10 richest people in the world are American. So why does the U.S. only rank 16th in quality of life? Fareed speaks with Porter about the study.

And, a week after three people were killed in what was an allegedly anti-Semitic attack in Kansas, Fareed will speak with Simon Schama, author of The Story of the Jews, about why Jews have been a target for more than 2,000 years.

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Topics: GPS Show
April 13th, 2014
10:46 PM ET

Friedman: So, what if the climate deniers' nightmare came true?

Fareed speaks with ‘New York Times’ columnist Tom Friedman about the latest report by the U.N.'s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Watch the video for the full interview.

What for you is the headline of this new IPCC report?

I think the headline is simply greater certainty among the vast majority of climate scientists, the people who truly know and study these issues, that if we don't begin to take the steps needed to prevent the kind of what they call doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere, that will lead to the kinds of rise in global average temperature that will put us into a much more unstable world.

And is there a sense of greater urgency or a kind of warning that we haven't been doing much yet? You know, if you think about it, we've been hearing these reports. and all of them have kept saying we need to start in some way having these CO2 emission levels start plateauing or even declining.  And as you know in totality, largely because of China's growth and a lot of the emerging world, CO2 emissions continue to rise quite substantially.

Well, of course, and that's really been the problem, getting governments to act.

Now, you know the debate in our country.  And it's echoed in the world.  There are people who don't think this is really happening, don't think it's important, we can adapt.  I was thinking, driving over here, what if the nightmare of the climate deniers came true and we really decided in America to take this seriously and act? What would we do? What is the nightmare that would happen?

Well, the first thing we would do is actually slash income taxes and corporate taxes and replace them with a carbon tax so we actually encourage people to stop doing what we don't want, which is emitting carbon, and start doing what we do want, which is hiring more workers and getting corporations to invest more in America. That's the first awful thing that would happen.

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Topics: Climate • GPS Show
April 13th, 2014
02:04 AM ET

On GPS Sunday: The latest on Ukraine, and what happened to Middle East peace talks?

Watch "Fareed Zakaria GPS," Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

On GPS this Sunday: A live look at the latest on the unrest in Ukraine...and the larger East-West battle it has become.

Then, Middle East peace talks have collapsed. Why?  There are many reasons, of course, but at the heart of the problem lies one city – Jerusalem – which both sides claim. Fareed speaks with the mayor of Jerusalem to find out whether there might be a solution.

Also...a new United Nations report, the most exhaustive yet about climate change. GPS speaks with the New York Times'  Tom Friedman, who discusses what the world and the United States needs to do now.

And food critic and chef Anthony Bourdain offers his take on Russia and India among other destinations. GPS will talk with him about the politics and the food he explored for his upcoming series on CNN.

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Topics: GPS Show
April 8th, 2014
01:16 PM ET

Haass: Israeli-Palestinian peace process has become a local dispute

Watch "Fareed Zakaria GPS," Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

Fareed speaks with Richard Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations, about speculation that convicted spy Jonathan Pollard might be released from U.S. prison.

What do you think this, past week, the shenanigans have told us – maybe we're pardoning Jonathan Pollard, maybe we're not, the peace talks were going to fail, they were not going to fail? What's going on?

In the long run, it's irrelevant for the purposes of peace whether Mr. Pollard is in prison or not. It won't affect the basics. The real question, is the situation ripe? Are the leaders involved willing and able to make peace? I'm skeptical.

Let's just say for a second I'm wrong. So what? Right now, I think what we have to admit is that the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, while it's of importance to Israelis and Palestinians, it's become a local dispute. It won't affect the dynamics of the Middle East. It's not going to affect the trajectory of the civil war in Syria or what's going on in Egypt between the government and the Muslim Brotherhood or what's happening elsewhere.

This has become a local dispute, that, quite honestly, is not worthy of the time and attention the secretary of state and the United States are giving.

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Topics: GPS Show • Israel • Middle East
April 6th, 2014
12:21 AM ET

Analyst: Pakistan knows where al-Zawahiri is

Fareed speaks with Carlotta Gall, ‘New York Times’ reporter and author of ‘The Wrong Enemy:  America in Afghanistan, 2001-2014’, about the future of Afghanistan.Watch the full interview this Sunday at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN.

What do you think Pakistan's role will be once we start pulling out? They're going to try to fill that vacuum, probably.

I think it's already clear that they're determined to see a resurgence of the Taliban. They're supporting them. They're encouraging them.  There's been a spate of attacks. Just now, I was just in Kabul two days ago. We had a suicide bombing almost every day that I was there in the last week. And that's all coming from Pakistan.  The madrassas have closed, you know, and they're all going in.

And that's clearly what needs to be looked at very strongly, because the Pakistanis have not finished their war. And what they want is, through a proxy force, to dominate affairs in Afghanistan.  And they're still going to continue...

And that proxy force is the Taliban, for the Pakistanis?

The Taliban, yes, and actually al Qaeda has shown there they were protecting and hiding bin Laden. And al-Zawahiri, who's taken over from bin Laden, is head of al Qaeda, he's in Pakistan. And I have a passage in the book which shows that they certainly, in 2005, they were hiding him, the Pakistani government.

Do you think the Pakistani government knows where Zawahiri, the head of al Qaeda, is?

Yes. Absolutely.

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Topics: GPS Show
April 4th, 2014
04:06 PM ET

On GPS Sunday: What Afghanistan's elections mean, and is Wall Street rigged?

Watch "Fareed Zakaria GPS," Sundays at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN

On GPS this Sunday: Afghanistan holds an election Saturday. But is the violence that has already been witnessed a sign of what's to come?  Will the poll really change anything? And what will happen to the Taliban and terrorism as American troops leave?

Fareed convenes a panel including Richard Haas, president of the Council on Foreign Relations, Peter Beinart, a contributor to Atlantic Media, New York Times reporter Carlotta Gall and the Wall Street Journal's Bret Stephens. They will also be discussing developments in Ukraine and the Middle East.

Later, Fareed sits down with  Michael Lewis, author of Flash Boys: A Wall Street Revolt.  He says Wall Street is rigged and that some traders have an unfair advantage. Is he right?

Also, in the wake of the Fort Hood shooting this week, GPS will introduce you to an Army general with a potential solution to the problem of mentally unstable soldiers with guns. And we will tell you why he can't get his way in Washington.

Finally, a Shakespearean tragedy related to Syria...but it's not what you're thinking.  This one will actually make you smile.​

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Topics: GPS Show
April 2nd, 2014
06:40 PM ET

Does more women in power = more peaceful societies?

Fareed speaks with Tina Brown, founder of the Women in the World summit and former editor-in-chief of 'Vanity Fair', about whether having more women in powerful positions will lead to more peaceful societies. Watch the video for the full panel.

The one crucial distinguishing feature it seems to me that is at the heart of this is motherhood. To what extent do you think that shapes a woman's perspective as being different from a man?

I think a tremendous amount because I think that women have that extra nurturing gene, where they're trying to create a world in which their children can flourish. And therefore, they have in a sense more invested in creating a peaceful atmosphere.

It's very interesting at the moment, actually, how there are many women in Pakistan and in the Middle East now who are coming together against the whole question of Islamic terrorism. And there are – Sisters against Extremism is one organization, which is having quite an impact in the Middle East at the moment, which is about women who are getting together and really trying to talk to children about not becoming radicalized, and that are bonding together as women, as sisters, as mothers. And there's that impetus.

Also on the south side of Chicago, you're now seeing mothers bonding together and trying to come together to create programs and create initiatives that actually create more peaceful atmospheres amongst this gang warfare etc that's going on.

So I do think that women are more invested in that. And you saw it in Liberia also when the women came together and wanted to end that civil war. So I think these are the things that you're seeing, and I think you're going to see more and more of it as women rise and really are in charge.

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Topics: GPS Show • Women
April 1st, 2014
10:22 AM ET

Are women set for a 'third revolution'?

Fareed speaks with Arianna Huffington, editor in chief of the Huffington Post media group and author of Thrive, about the role of women in the workplace. Watch the video for the full panel discussion on the issue.

Do you think that there are these traits that are different between men and women and that they manifest themselves…because you're dealing with a lot of technology people at AOL, and that's a very male dominated world.

It is. But that's changing…We’re  living in the middle of a perfect storm, where we can see that the old way of doing things, the way that men have built workplaces, fueled by stress, live deprivation, exhaustion, is not working. It's not working for women, and it's not working for men. And so women are taking the lead in a way in what I consider in my new book on the "third women's revolution."

If you think of the first women's revolution being getting the vote. The second being giving us access to all the corridors of power and the top of every field, the third one is changing the workplace. Changing the world, in which women are competing, which I believe is going to be the fastest way to get more women at the top. Because right now women are paying a heavier price in stressful jobs. The data that is out, came out last year, is unequivocal, that women in stressful jobs have a 40 percent greater threat of heart disease and a 60 percent greater risk of diabetes.

So one of the reasons they're not competing as much at the top is because they know that we internalize stress differently and it's not working for us. And because of the way it's not working for anybody, there is more of a demand now to change the way we work and the way we live our lives.

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Topics: GPS Show • Women
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