Diplomats meet to find Libya solution
Diplomats from around the world gather for a family photo during the fourth meeting of the Libya contact group in Istanbul on July 15, 2011. Top officials from major Western and regional powers meet to discuss strategies to strengthen the Libyan opposition and force embattled strongman Moammar Gadhafi out. (Getty Image)
July 15th, 2011
09:06 AM ET

Diplomats meet to find Libya solution

Editor's Note: The following is reprinted with the permission of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Diplomats comprising the so-called Libya Contact Group (al-Jazeera), including U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, are meeting in Istanbul, Turkey, today to discuss a roadmap for the ongoing NATO-led military operation in Libya. U.S. officials said the meeting would seek to strengthen ties with the rebel National Transitional Council, the organized opposition seeking to overthrow leader Moammar Gadhafi.

Prior to the meeting, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said a political solution (Reuters) was needed to resolve the Libya situation, as reports emerged that Gadhafi may be ready to give up power if he can strike a suitable deal.

France, which has taken the political lead in the Libya operation, said it had begun informal talks (DeutscheWelle) with Gadhafi's government, and that a political solution is "beginning to take shape."

Meanwhile, Italy reportedly offered to release €100 million in credit (WSJ) to Libya's rebels, even as Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, a former ally of Gadhafi, has criticized the NATO mission.

Analysis:

Libya's rebels have gained the upper hand, but it remains to be seen what they will actually do if they finally defeat Gadhafi, says the Economist.

The International Criminal Court's warrants for Gadhafi's arrest stir debate about whether they will facilitate or hinder his demise and about the effectiveness of the ICC itself, says this CFR Analysis Brief.

NATO's success in Libya shows how important and effective the alliance remains, writes Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen in Foreign Affairs.

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MIDDLE EAST: Syrian Crackdown Continues

Syrian security forces continued a crackdown against anti-government protesters throughout the country, with activists reporting that soldiers fired bullets (al-Jazeera) into a crowd in the city of Deir al-Zour, killing two demonstrators.

PACIFIC RIM: Indonesians Flee Volcano

Thousands of people on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi have been forced to flee an erupting volcano (BBC), amid a rise in volcanic activity in the area.

Japan: The Tokyo Electric Power Company began injecting nitrogen into one of the reactors at Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant (JapanTimes) in an effort to reduce the risk of hydrogen explosions in the aftermath of the March earthquake and nuclear crisis.

SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA: Pakistani, U.S. Officials Meet in Washington

The head of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence agency (al-Jazeera), Ahmed Shuja Pasha, met with acting CIA director Michael Morell in Washington Thursday, in an effort to mend ties between the two nations after the U.S. raid in Pakistan that killed former al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in May.

Cuts in U.S. military aid to Pakistan only have a chance to translate into greater cooperation if they're part of a larger strategy, including a U.S. crackdown on Pakistan-linked militants in Afghanistan, says CFR's Daniel Markey.

India: Officials investigating Wednesday's deadly bomb attacks in Mumbai are focusing on the involvement of a domestic terrorist group (FT) known as the Indian Mujahideen.

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AFRICA: UN Report Accuses Sudan of War Crimes

An unpublished report by the United Nations documents violence by the Sudanese government in the southern state of South Kordofan (NYT) - on the border of newly created South Sudan - and accuses Khartoum of human rights abuses that could be considered war crimes.

The process that led to South Sudan's independence offers lessons for avoiding a new, devastating conflict in the region and underscores the importance of sustained and vigorous U.S. diplomacy, writes CFR's Payton Knopf from the new country's capital.

Nigeria: Two bombs went off in the northeastern Nigerian city of Maiduguri Friday, thought to be further attacks (Reuters) by the radical Islamist group Boko Haram.

AMERICAS: Senate Works on Backup Debt Plan

With talks stalled between the Republican-led House of Representatives and the White House, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell began negotiations (WSJ) on a backup plan that would give President Obama the power to raise the nation's debt ceiling ahead of an August 2 deadline that could see the United States default on its credit obligations.

With the deadline looming for resolving the U.S. debt standoff, concern is rising among international creditors and markets about the largest economy and home of the world's reserve currency.

Latin America: The UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean forecast that China will become Latin America's second largest trading partner (MercoPress) by 2015.

EUROPE: News International CEO Resigns

News International CEO Rebekah Brooks resigned her post in the wake of a widening phone hacking scandal (FT) in Britain that has threatened media mogul Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation empire.

Germany: Amid an escalating European sovereign debt crisis that is now threatening to engulf Italy, the government of German Chancellor Angela Merkel is facing growing criticism (DeutscheWelle) for not providing more aid to protect the eurozone.

The eurozone, once seen as a crowning achievement in the decades-long path of European integration, is buffeted by a sovereign debt crisis of nations whose membership in the currency union has been poorly policed, says this CFR Backgrounder.

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Topics: Daily Roundup • Libya

soundoff (9 Responses)
  1. Onesmallvoice

    Just where do all of these outsiders come off saying who's to lead Libya and who is not? It makes sick the way Barack Obama and Hilary Clinton think that they have a right to decide Libya's future. After all, how would we Americas feel if a bunch of foreigners tried to decide our future? Quite angry, of course!!!

    July 15, 2011 at 9:47 am | Reply
    • Pointing out Irony

      "After all, how would we Americas feel if a bunch of foreigners tried to decide our future? Quite angry, of course!!!"

      History says otherwise, I know US history likes to paint the Revolutionary war as a thing mostly fought inside the colonies with only 'minor' help from the other powers, in reality it was a minor world war involving the full military forces of France, Spain, and the Netherlands that nearly resulted in an European alliance to invade England.

      France even put around 10,000 "Boots on the ground", the nerve of them!

      The 'traitorous' Colonial government requested 'outsider' intervention and they received it, just like the It is thanks to those 'outsiders' that 'decided' our fate, that we even exist today.

      July 17, 2011 at 5:37 pm | Reply
      • Tim

        wow,you mean that other country can invade American just like American invades Iraq and Afghanist?,on the other hand,American really good hearted to help these countrys? American just want to plunder oil from these country,numberless people be killed and homeless in the war,this is the end

        July 24, 2011 at 1:02 am |
  2. j. von hettlingen

    The Indian Mujahideen could be behind the Mumbai attack. Not only in Pakistan's middle class one finds extremists, also in India's middle class. Members of this new cell – Indian Mujahideen, emerged in 2008 – belong to the middle class too.

    July 15, 2011 at 11:17 am | Reply
  3. Steve Thompson

    Here's a look at how much oil Libya produces and how that production is critical to Europe:

    http://viableopposition.blogspot.com/2011/02/muammars-oil-libyas-contribution-to.html

    Let's line up for those all important spoils of war!

    July 15, 2011 at 1:11 pm | Reply
  4. sjdsh

    There are 196 countries in the world. And 30 of them met in Turkey today and have "declared" that the 'TNC traitors' are the 'Libyan Government'.The Key issue was the Libyan opposition’s demand for access to the regime’s frozen assets.
    *That $30 billion that was Gadhafi's AFRICAN FUND for the development of Africa.*
    "Since it’s not possible to release(steal) those frozen assets right now due to lack of legal grounds, an 'alternative plan' is giving the Rats a BIG loan and then just collect that amount from the frozen bank accounts in the future! ” the 'diplomat' said. *Voila! Legal Thievery!*
    –China skipped a meeting in Turkey today between Western powers, Arab governments and leaders of Libya’s opposition National Transitional Council.
    “Because the function and 'method of operation' of this contact group need further study, China will not be attending this meeting,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei added, without elaborating.
    –Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Lukashevich said that Russia’s firm position is to stay away from the Group as it is aimed at supporting ONE of the belligerent parties in Libya.However Russia is against prolonging the conflict that hits the country’s people and economy and insists on the UN Security Council resolving the situation.

    July 15, 2011 at 1:45 pm | Reply
  5. African4Africans

    America will surely fail on the long run with its useless foreign policies , why haven't they used same pressure on Switzerland to return all African stolen money kept in Swiss banks , yet they are supporting rebels in one country against its regime , Gadaddfi might be bad for sure we all want him to go but in the name of protecting civilians they are killing civilians , most african youths are internet fraudsters and drup pushes because of no life as a result of corruption by democratically elected officials , US wants the whole world to follow democracy , what is the result of such democracy on african soils , do we all have to be a democratic states, very soon many Africans will join extremist groups as beign noticed in some countries and especially Northern Nigeria region , with time many will feel the us has failed us , no one is talking about black Africans held and tortured by libyan rebels , yet france is supporting them and dropping weapons to kill each other , what a great solution to the on going problem , very soon i assure you all non of your citizens will be welcomed in africa as this ill treatment of blacks and Africans by west has reached an alarming rate .Even Indian Hindus are racist to africans and obama tends to forget hes Africa later when america fails he will find no where to hide his head,

    Bush and his criminal whites deceived us to beleived saddam was developing weapon of mass destruction, yet look at what you evil men in suits have turned iraq to a war torn nation yet you the same country funding pakistan and its terrorist , where is headly and why can you hand over him to the indians where he commited crime but if its an arab or african you would have demanded for him and jailed him,just not soon you will creating die hards and many more osama bin laden

    watch it soon you will fail

    30 countries out of almost 163 nations decidind another countries fate under a fake U.N Mandate

    there is arms embargo on Libya yet you dropping weapons for one side , soon you will get the answers back

    Africa must be for africans , France and all will regret , no arab nations will trust you again evil people , we have seen what u have been doing in israel palestine conflict i would have expected you to bomb israel in the name of protecting pelestian civilians

    Africans wake up enough of colonianism

    July 17, 2011 at 4:12 am | Reply
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