By Fareed Zakaria
“Confusing capability with utility, the United States knows how to start wars but has seemingly forgotten how to conclude them,” writes Andrew Bacevich in the Los Angeles Times. "Yet concluding war on favorable terms – a concept formerly known as victory – is the object of the exercise. For the United States, victory has become a lost art. This unhappy verdict applies whether U.S. forces operate conventionally (employing high-tech 'shock and awe' tactics) or unconventionally ('winning hearts and minds')."
“Although neuroscience can’t be divorced from culture, history, and geography, there is no Orientalism of the brain: The fundamental biology of social motivations is the same in Tokyo, Tehran, and Tennessee,” write Nicholas Wright and Karim Sadjadpour in The Atlantic. “It anticipates, for instance, how the mind’s natural instinct to reject perceived unfairness can impede similarly innate desires for accommodation, and how fairness can lead to tragedy. It tells us that genuinely conciliatory gestures are more likely and natural than many believe, and how to make our own conciliatory gestures more effective.”
“Distilled to their essence, nations are led by and comprised of humans, and the success of social animals like humans rests on our ability to control the balance between cooperation and self-interest. The following four lessons from neuroscience may help us understand the obstacles that were surmounted to reach an interim nuclear deal with Iran, and the enormous challenges that still must be overcome in order to reach a comprehensive agreement.”