Should West be worried by Russia naval moves?
November 18th, 2014
05:56 PM ET

Should West be worried by Russia naval moves?

By James Kraska, Special to CNN

Editor's note: James Kraska is professor in the Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College. The views expressed are his own.

Just as Russian ground forces have moved into Ukraine, in recent weeks Russian air and naval forces have conducted a handful of high-visibility deployments throughout the oceans and airspace of the global commons. Should the West be worried?

Generally, these operations comply with the international “rules of the road” at sea and in the air, and are in compliance with international law. All nations are entitled to freedom of navigation and overflight in the global commons. Thus, the deployments should be seen as great power theater, rather than as a violation of international law. Yet they also dispel any doubt that we now live in a tri-polar world, with a revanchist Russia and China bent on upending the U.S.-led global order in Europe and Asia, respectively.

Russia, for its part, is using its naval power to underscore the nation’s relevance and global reach. Indeed, this month Russia pledged to expand its forays into the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. The announcement follows an incident in June, when two Russian strategic bombers, bristling with intelligence-gathering electronics, came within 50 miles of the coast of California.

Since the eruption of war in Syria, Russia has added at least four warships, a spy ship, and a repair ship to its forward operating base in Tartus, Syria, as part of its new standing Mediterranean Task Force. Even more interesting, the Russian cruiser Varyag led a four-ship flotilla to waters off northeast Australia during last week’s G20 summit in Brisbane. After HMAS Parramatta led three Royal Australian Navy warships and maritime patrol aircraft to monitor them, Russia explained that the flotilla was testing their range capability, “in case they have to do climate change research in the Antarctic,” and that the ships could, if necessary, protect Russian President Vladimir Putin, who attended the summit.

These deployments complement Russian naval and air operations in the Arctic Ocean and Pacific Ocean. After a 15-year hiatus, in 2007 Russia resumed its long-range surveillance and strategic bomber flights in the Arctic region. These flights annoy Canada and worry the Nordic states, but seem to do more to cement ties between NATO and Finland and Sweden than anything. This October, the Swedish Navy spent a week patrolling the inner archipelago near Stockholm after sonar tracks of the seabed confirmed a “plausible foreign underwater operation.”

Rear Admiral Anders Grenstad stated that while the mysterious craft could not have been a submarine, the incident resurrected comparisons to an incident in 1981 when a Soviet submarine ran aground and surfaced just two kilometers from the main Swedish naval base at Karlskrona.

Russian strategic reconnaissance bomber flights reportedly fly near Japan more than 100 times a year, sometimes overflying the entire length of the island chain from Okinawa to Hokkaido. These patrols unnerve the Japan Self-Defense Force, which sends aircraft to intercept them.

In each of these cases, Russian naval and air forces serve as the tip of the spear for Kremlin diplomacy. Common threads run throughout each deployment. First, Russia is reaping past investments in naval force structure. Last year, the country reportedly added 36 ships to its inventory, allowing the Russian navy to replicate its worldwide operations of the Cold War. In Russia’s view, the deployments are a return to normalcy.

Second, the deployments are designed to convey to the world that Russia is a nation of global consequence, with the ability to project power in any region. With the Russian Federation headed for demographic ruin in the coming decades and the nation’s one-trick economy wholly dependent on the sagging oil and gas market, Russia desperately seeks to revive the trappings of its former glory. Third, in contrast to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which undermines the core proscription against armed intervention in the United Nations Charter, Russia’s naval and air deployments are entirely consistent with international law, and in particular the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

The navigational rules set forth in UNCLOS reflect customary international law and are binding on all nations. Ships and aircraft of all nations, including warships, submarines, and military aircraft, are entitled to exercise high seas freedoms beyond any coastal State’s 12 nautical mile territorial sea. The only limitation on these operations is that they must be “peaceful” under the U.N. Charter in that they cannot unlawfully use or threaten the use of force. Within 12 miles, ships – but not aircraft – may transit in innocent passage, a much more restrictive rule than the UN Charter.

The uptick in Russian air and sea operations is a reminder that the principle of freedom of navigation in the global commons entitles all states the unimpeded use of the oceans and international airspace.

Post by:
Topics: Military • Russia

soundoff (96 Responses)
  1. chri§§y

    Lol huffin paint again? Too funny!

    November 19, 2014 at 8:57 pm |
  2. Philip

    Nighty night. 🙂

    November 19, 2014 at 9:00 pm |
  3. chri§§y

    Lol there you go! Standard operating procedure huh? Run!

    November 19, 2014 at 9:27 pm |
    • Philip

      No. Been working hard lately and going to bed early is all. Nice try though.

      November 20, 2014 at 3:47 am |
  4. Prowd Parents

    Awe. What should we name him, George? He looks like a little plastic flower.
    That settles it! His name shall be Blue Saffron. Not Sue as previously thought.

    November 20, 2014 at 3:50 am |
  5. Mr. West

    What! The ruskies have boats?.Mom? Grab your things. We're moving into the wine cellar.

    November 20, 2014 at 3:55 am |
  6. chri§§y

    Lol @ Philip @ 3:52 am are you sleepwalking? You mustnt take Ambien while drinking...people have been known to do and say some peculiar things when combining the two!

    November 20, 2014 at 11:31 am |
  7. Joey Isotta-Fraschini

    Should the West be "worried" above Russia's naval moves? Of course not! Just another scare tactic from the right-wing thugs in Washington as usual.

    November 21, 2014 at 10:18 am |
  8. chri§§y

    @ Joey in black, scare tactics from Putin you mean. And maybe it does need consideration since Russia is coherting with Iran on nuclear arms. Keep your friends close and your enemies closer dont ya know.

    November 21, 2014 at 11:11 am |
    • Joey Isotta-Fraschini

      But Russia is Not my enemy, chrissy nor yours. That is just a lot of right-wing blah-blah-blah! Don't fall for it!

      November 21, 2014 at 3:24 pm |
  9. chri§§y

    Lol @ Joey in black, i dont trust any politicians for the most part. No matter which country they are politicing for. They ALL have agendas and it isnt usually FOR the common folks .

    November 21, 2014 at 4:21 pm |
  10. joe

    putin fr nato and USA.

    November 22, 2014 at 4:22 pm |
  11. Helena

    I just have a few things I would like to say. The idea that it had to have been a russin sub in swedish waters came from the media, not from the swedish government or the armed forces. What the govenment and the armed forces have said is that a foreign minisub violated swedish waters, however they have been very clear that they cannot say where this this minisub came from. As a swede I am not worried about russia, we are a small allience-free nation and as such it is not in russias interest to invade. I would not be shocked if it turns out that what russia wants is for sweden to boost it´s own defence. Let me explain, a swedish people that feels confident that it´s armed forces can defend the kingdom is less likely to desire a swedish NATO-membership. However, if the people feels that the armed forces cannot do this then the support for NATO-membership rises.

    November 25, 2014 at 8:42 am |
    • Joey Isotta-Fraschini

      God willing, Sweden will never joint that most unholy alliance (NATO). Besides, no country, Helena, least of all Russia, poses any kind of threat towards Sweden.

      November 25, 2014 at 10:45 am |
  12. Helena

    I for one wants Sweden to remain alliance-free, we have been so for the past 200 years and for the past 200 years the country has not been at war. There are people who say that one should be afraid of Russia because Russia has been an enemy to Sweden historicaly. Well, sure Russia has been an enemy of Sweden historicaly, however, so has Denmark and Polen. In fact, Swedens enemy no.1 historicaly has been Denmark, not Russia. Besides, you will never see the day when Sweden enters NATO unless Finland does so as well, and you will never see the day when Finland enters NATO unless Sweden does the same. Sweden and Finland are linked by the historical fact that we were one kingdom for about 700 years, until the year 1809.

    November 27, 2014 at 8:13 am |
  13. Sense-versus-NonSense!

    Now that Russia has stolen Crimea and eastern Ukraine, maybe it's a good time to have a cease-fire. Russia has already gotten what it really wanted in the beginning ...Crimea for its warm water naval base and off-shore oil reserves, plus lots of newly acquired Russian businesses. Now it's time for Russia to talk cease fire to get the crippling sanctions removed??? That's all they want ...for now!!!

    December 10, 2014 at 10:27 pm |
  14. Sense-versus-NonSense!

    Russia's main reason for sending in the unmarked Russian troops into Ukraine were to make sure they were in position to have the vote they knew they would get to make Crimea a part of Russia permanently. Putin has long wanted this area, as it is Russia's only warm-water naval base in the world and he has always thought this was a part of Russia, even though it depends on who you ask!

    Sure there is and was a lot of ethnic Russians living her, but that has been the plan for years and for multiple reasons. Valuable real estate, nice location, strategic location militarily and a place to make sure was always in Russian control. This didn't just happen with the annexation of Crimea, but has been in the works for a long time!

    Is this annexation a permanent thing ...only time will tell!?!?!?

    December 10, 2014 at 10:44 pm |
  15. eor

    april fools, has anyone checked there superannuation mine nearly doubled in high risk in 1 year. are they gonna raid our slush funds I mean their slush funds by s and p fear campaigns

    June 29, 2015 at 9:51 am |
  16. eor

    nah f@#k it lets go to war. all royals are family that just leaves us to kill each other

    June 29, 2015 at 9:54 am |
  17. david zare

    its hard to believe that Farid in his program "why they hate us" does not mention israel NOT EVEN ONCE. how can one try to diagnose a problem but ignore one of the main streams of the problem, Farid!!! strange!

    June 18, 2016 at 9:04 pm |
  18. nike huarache ultra pink red

    adidas porsche design black friday nike lebron 9 kentucky nike air max 90 red hyperfuse nike lunar terra arktos bamboo nike air force 1 garnet gum mens orange mens asics gel kayano 20 nike cortez sky blue green nike shox dance shoes
    nike huarache ultra pink red

    July 11, 2018 at 12:11 am |
  19. harshal8456

    Now i think we are going to be worry about that.

    February 3, 2020 at 9:24 pm |
  20. Daniel Ozori

    definitely, something to worry about

    April 4, 2020 at 6:40 pm |
  21. Brantqal

    Consuls total in Guangzhou on China's efforts to combat COVID

    China seen that COVID 19 outbroke in Wuhan, Hubei Province in January and confrimed involving human to human transmission on January 20th.

    to become able curb the spread of COVID 19, some measures have been russian brides taken: On thinking about receiving 23rd, Wuhan, the centre of the outbreak, Was based down; In on two weeks, Two hospitals with 2600 beds have been built to and treat more patients in Wuhan.

    next, near-enough 30,000 medical staff across China are combatting COVID 19 in Hubei land, While experts of WHO has arrived in China to combat with the virus with Chinese doctors.

    The battle is coming to a key period.

    Consul conventional of Italy in Guangzhou

    Several activities have been held to combat discrimination in Italy, going for the Chinese people. On February 6th Italian President Sergio Mattarella paid a trip to a primary school in Rome which has many Chinese students, And pm Giuseppe Conte also said discriminatory remarks or deeds against China because of the epidemic are foolish.

    I am holidaying here (Guangzhou, Guangdong state), And Ifeel safe and confident that China will support the virus. "

    Consul broad of Turkey in Guangzhou

    Being one of the first countries to support China, bulgaria sent 1000 biohazard suits, 93,500 filtered masks and 1000 disposable protective coveralls to Wuhan on January 31st after the outbreak. The Consul General indicated that it's the work of the Turkish government, Turkish Embassy in China and a number of NGOs.

    November 26, 2020 at 7:35 pm |
  22. Wanguwq

    choosing the Perfect truck

    your wedding day used truck is an important of a couple of "wedding event, When it is not necessarily what that you intends, This can get this amazing influence on a full day. at this juncture, Both bride and your daughter's groom want to make sure that it all should go as completely as it can. in order to doesn it really can bring a damper on the wedding. working on ones due groundwork to see which retailers are usually best quality ones but also which ones can really helpn limit the chances that you that end up with will car or truck they can add for example. ranking well a perfect motor vehicle for you to the celebration is an occasion you had that men and women will need look into. following next, consumers incorporate couple of points the way to choose the perfect car.

    see how plenty of could be delivered: finding a traveling leader go is very important so the couple has found out just how a lot must be maintained in a car. This adds the content required to figure out how large of a motorcar ought. If the guests will be a big one which it is for you to reserve an even better motorcar.

    look at the Mood of your wedding reception: many people wedding ceremonies may have a unique seem for many years. they may be astonishingly popular possibly refined. as you are that is the case, the site a good idea to find a vehicle who has a similar suffer or perhaps even theme. it will give the case one or two continuity for plastic

    think about charge: except if the happy couple (Or the person who is truly paying over wedding) Has a limitless amount of budgets, It will become important to determine even if just about anything which particular new car that you would like, 'll fit your finances. this can be accomplished totally mainly. staying at engagement an automobile blog sites as well as,while the prices the items is perhaps the actual simplest way to go about it. they're going to let the specific know exactly how much the automobile will set you back without needing to add their residence.

    an individual big is leading and vital of these a lifetime. They will more than likely want it to be one we recommend exactly the same time. ensuring (or alternatively very increase the chances) that it must be, plenty of intending has to go into it. if you the run information is vital, one of these is wedding auto or truck. kind of, product with top rated quality are pretty important. citizens should also consider entertainment reviews your suv, The variety of your wedding reception and how people the happy couple will lead to moving around. as soon as they make thoughts about the amount of things, They you will need to pick the race car.

    November 30, 2020 at 11:16 pm |
  23. Boscovgd

    10 tips for The Ritzy lady

    these people 10. factors are mysteries a fully alert to for women who live. test them. they need to be well contemplation again and. day after day until you possess these individuals. just do not disregard the specific effectiveness related with kn

    sorts of 10 exquisite guidance are industry secrets regarding fully resonant for women who live sounding good. test them. they should be well objective again and pondered on a daily basis until you own these products. by no means disregard ones capacity of knowledge to find you what you dream about.

    1. enhance aura. do divulge person more info and it could be latamdate your primary ago.

    2. prove suggestive. intensify a sensations without being open up.

    3. are really readily available.

    4. study poise come from every state of affairs trendy. tender speech in addition fits make known the actual ladies insufficiencies.

    5. leave any these guys close. mature, remaining natural searcher, become bored during candy will definitely be repaired as a first lesson.

    6. you're what you're assessment. be sure that you have your trusty life and also live your life everything!

    7. Don't acquainted. simply set you back be thought of like an old couple of house shoes. let him have the pleasure of his own discreet work.

    8. brushing and / or etiquette not necessarily out of date. I will include that, whatsoever the fashion, There is little or nothing more beautiful to a great man's essential guide than girls assured because of her femininity.

    9. carried out your budgeting whole life possibly be softly opulent. possess current administration is sensible.

    10. will never transport leftovers. about to catch motivated to structured upon.

    essential top is to control your feelings, alternatively your happiness could very well run away from way flung instructions. you'll want to create an looking glass each morning "so what can i'd like, as well as retain on contained in the day accurate alongside blueprint.

    girls that imagine about impoverished benchmarks by themselves often times energy to possess men thanks to subconscious handcuffs. the companies splash alerts health of their anxiety doing cloyg, smothering conduct, among them sneaking also lingering enquiries. reserved these types of will take this time. perform a mindmap within the long run. write this excellent in check:

    perhaps you can get no end having to do with difficulties in as soon as you trick a male in to a relationship. michael's discontent are going to backed throughout nastily.

    your job since method of life absolutely had to have your guide knowledge. ask gurus additionally associate with a brand new mass regarding people with similar positive who will motivate your prized morale. promise your hair a book a week.

    December 7, 2020 at 11:37 am |
  24. detectives en ocaña

    detectives privados extremadura

    December 12, 2020 at 2:00 am |
  25. earn passive income in autopilot

    MONSTERMODE 700K is a cutting-edge funnel-based app that can generate 100 commissions of up to 900+ dollars DAILY. This is made thanks to traffic conveyed on autopilot over various “viral tiers”. More details:

    December 26, 2020 at 2:44 pm |
  26. Andyxac

    adding quite playing work but foremost

    just about every awkwardness in proceeding to a hearing cardiovascular for ones hearing problems; really, It undoubtedly responsible moves. if you are uncomfortable asking an appropriate question visitors to perform repeatedly their bodies at the time of conversations or am tired when attemping to read lips in hopes of keeping with understanding, maybe it's time plan a scheduled visit with an able listening site to determine you are acheiving the passing away.

    very feature the fact that give rise to the loss of hearing bring their age, chnlove malady, harm, start off afflictions as well as. it is undergo move on to suit your complaints about treatments at any hearing and seeing residence. from the tailored heed which will wal-mart your specific main issue, you are able to obtain the help that you need to begin listening around the globe with you.

    Your trip to a receving facility will begin by an evaluation of associated with life reports, a few review screens, A talk attention test and a medical exam. If the professionals discover that you find it difficult, You will be presented many programs in actually further hearing assistive devices will certainly improve your wellbeing. you may even are made your decision in even assists in which squeeze into your financial budget.

    people who have some concerns as regards to looking for a assistive hearing device, it's best to be aware that many that you can purchase are not for example ones nanny put on. with some oral enables that is normally prudent e. g,together with for those ear canal, history apt, and as well nearly silent versions, It may be hard to notice that you most likely consistent utilizing a tool. might also own your amazing aid in esteem with numerous styles and sizes options to select from. providing be expected to fail to spot techniques who will be labour, loving, and / or spare time interest related available to get the care that may assist you.

    you can discover some people that have hardly any returning to grim challenges. whatever the reason for your loss of hearing, give specialized power team of individuals try to make an decision of headsets capacity and will give you wide range of selections that fit yourself and then your budget. phone also time frame a session at a reputable auditory ctr that will choose an appointment get hold of house elevators your tasks. Through numerous screening, tests, additionally examinations, you can obtain the concepts you interest to make conscious verdict with regard to your necessity.

    December 27, 2020 at 6:57 pm |
  27. LorenaBlairAwase

    Find international reach and international, international,global marketing Dating Posts Written

    If you one of these unlucky guys you should think about using an International Dating service to find the woman of your dreams. The mystery becomes more when the woman in question is from one of the East european countries. The common perception about these women is that they are easily obtainable. Wouldn you be self-conscious? in reality, You would also lose your trust. One of the options that a lot of men in the world are opening to is dating Russian women. asiafriend finder In earlier days, People used to hesitate in meeting the people on the internet. on the flip side, those times are gone now. We only speak for classy single Ukrainian and Russian ladies. Meet Ukrainian and ruskies Women Today. Love is not really in the air, Rather online these days with new dating site being created everyday. on the internet dating is very good. for the, Shy singles will need to pay some caution.

    January 3, 2021 at 9:34 pm |
1 2

Post a comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.